Hexadecimal is a positional numeral system with a base of 16. It has sixteen distinct symbols, where the first nine symbols are 0–9 which represent values zero to nine, and the rest 6 symbols are A, B, C, D, E, F which represent values from ten to fifteen respectively. Since hexadecimal digit represents four binary digits, it allows a more human-friendly representation of binary-coded values and hence it is preferred over other number systems like binary and octal.
The hexdec() function in PHP converts a hexadecimal number to a decimal number.
The hexdec() function converts numbers that are too large to fit into the integer type, larger values are returned as a float in that case. If hexdec() encounters any non-hexadecimal characters, it ignores them.
Parameters: The hexdec() function accepts a single parameter $value. It is the hexadecimal number whose decimal equivalent you want to calculate.
Return Value: The hexdec() function in PHP returns the decimal equivalent of a hexadecimal number.
Input : hexdec("5e") Output : 94 Input : hexdec("a") Output : 10 Input : hexdec("f1f1") Output : 61937 Input : hexdec("abc451") Output : 11256913
Below program illustrate the working of hexdec() in PHP:
94 10 61937 11256913
Important points to note :
- It converts a hexadecimal number to its decimal equivalent.
- It returns the values as float if the numbers are too large to be returned as integer type .
- The hexadecimal number system is one of the most popular and widely used number system these days.