PHP | Ds\Vector reduce() Function

The Ds\Vector::reduce() function is an inbuilt function in PHP which reduce the vector to single value by applying operations in the callback function.

Syntax:

public Ds\Vector::reduce( $callback, $initial ) : mixed

Parameters: This function accepts two parameters as mentioned above and described below:

  • $callback: This parameter holds the function which contains the operation on the elements and store carry. This callback function contains two arguments, carry and value, where carry is the value returned by the function and value is the value of element at current iteration.
  • $initial: This parameter holds the initial value of carry, which can be NULL.

Return Value: This function returns the final value returned by the callback function.

Below programs illustrate the Ds\Vector::reduce() function in PHP:

Program 1:

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<?php
  
// Declare new Vector
$vect = new \Ds\Vector([1, 2, 3, 4, 5]);
  
echo("Vector Elements\n");
  
print_r($vect);
  
// callback function with reduce function
echo("\nElement after performing operation\n");
var_dump($vect->reduce(function($carry, $element) {
    return $carry + $element + 2;
}));
  
?>

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Output:

Vector Elements
Ds\Vector Object
(
    [0] => 1
    [1] => 2
    [2] => 3
    [3] => 4
    [4] => 5
)

Element after performing operation
int(25)

Program 2:

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<?php
  
// Declare new Vector
$vect = new \Ds\Vector([10, 20, 30, 40, 50]);
  
echo("Original vector elements\n");
  
print_r($vect);
  
$func_gfg = function($carry, $element) {
    return $carry * $element;
};
  
echo("\nVector after reducing to single element\n");
  
// Use reduce() function
var_dump($vect->reduce($func_gfg, 10));
  
?>

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Output:

Original vector elements
Ds\Vector Object
(
    [0] => 10
    [1] => 20
    [2] => 30
    [3] => 40
    [4] => 50
)

Vector after reducing to single element
int(120000000)

Reference: http://php.net/manual/en/ds-vector.reduce.php



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