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Phone Number Verification using Firebase in Android
  • Last Updated : 26 Feb, 2021

Phone number Firebase Authentication is used to sign in a user by sending an SMS message to the user’s phone. The user signs in using a one-time code contained in the SMS message. A sample video is given below to get an idea about what we are going to do in this article. Note that we are going to implement this project using the Kotlin language.

Note: To implement this in Java language refer to this article Firebase Authentication with Phone Number OTP in Android

Step by Step Implementation

Step 1: Create a new project

To create a new project in Android Studio please refer to How to Create/Start a New Project in Android Studio. Note that select Kotlin as the programming language.

Step 2: Connect Project to Firebase.



Step 3: Add dependency to the build.gradle file and click “sync now”

    implementation platform(‘com.google.firebase:firebase-bom:26.5.0’)

   implementation ‘com.google.firebase:firebase-auth-ktx’

Step 4: Create two new activities.

Create two new activities. One PhoneNumberActivity.kt with the layout file activity_phone_number.xml for entering the phone number and starting the authentication process. Second OtpActivity.kt with the layout file activity_otp.xml for entering OTP received from firebase.

Step 5: Working with layout

Working with activity_phone_number.xml. Go to the activity_phone_number.xml file and write the following code.



XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout 
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".PhoneNumberActivity">
  
    <!--This will be used to enter the phone number-->
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/et_phone_number"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginStart="20dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="200dp"
        android:layout_marginEnd="20dp"
        android:layout_marginBottom="20dp"
        android:ems="10"
        android:hint="Enter Phone Number"
        android:inputType="phone"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        tools:layout_editor_absoluteY="85dp" />
      
      <!--On click of this buttton OTP will be send to phone-->
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button_otp"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="20dp"
        android:text="Send OTP"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/et_phone_number" />
    
</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

Working with activity_otp.xml. Go to the activity_otp.xml file and write the following code.

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".OtpActivity">
  
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tv_otp"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginTop="200dp"
        android:text="Enter OTP"
        android:textSize="20sp"
        app:layout_constraintLeft_toLeftOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintRight_toRightOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        />
      
      <!--We will use it to enter OTP after we receive OTP-->
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/et_otp"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_margin="20dp"
        android:hint="Enter OTP"
        app:layout_constraintLeft_toLeftOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintRight_toRightOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@id/tv_otp" />
  
    <!--On click of this button final authentication will start-->
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/login"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Login"
        app:layout_constraintLeft_toLeftOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintRight_toRightOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@id/et_otp" />
  
</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

Working with activity_main.xml. Go to the activity_main.xml file and write the following code. This is the final activity where we reach after verification is completed.

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout 
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
  
    <TextView
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Welcome To GFG!!"
        android:textSize="22sp"
        android:textColor="@color/black"
        app:layout_constraintBottom_toBottomOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintLeft_toLeftOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintRight_toRightOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent" />
  
</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

Step 6: Working with the PhoneNumberActivity.kt file

Go to the PhoneNumberActivity.kt file and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the PhoneNumberActivity.kt file. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.

Kotlin




import android.content.Intent
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import android.os.Bundle
import android.util.Log
import android.widget.Button
import android.widget.EditText
import android.widget.Toast
import com.google.firebase.FirebaseException
import com.google.firebase.auth.FirebaseAuth
import com.google.firebase.auth.PhoneAuthCredential
import com.google.firebase.auth.PhoneAuthOptions
import com.google.firebase.auth.PhoneAuthProvider
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit
  
class PhoneNumberActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
    
    // this stores the phone number of the user
    var number : String =""
    
    // create instance of firebase auth
    lateinit var auth: FirebaseAuth
    
      // we will use this to match the sent otp from firebase
    lateinit var storedVerificationId:String
    lateinit var resendToken: PhoneAuthProvider.ForceResendingToken
    private lateinit var callbacks: PhoneAuthProvider.OnVerificationStateChangedCallbacks
  
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_phone_number)
  
        auth=FirebaseAuth.getInstance()
  
        // start verification on click of the button
        findViewById<Button>(R.id.button_otp).setOnClickListener {
            login()
        }
  
        // Callback function for Phone Auth
        callbacks = object : PhoneAuthProvider.OnVerificationStateChangedCallbacks() {
  
            // This method is called when the verification is completed
            override fun onVerificationCompleted(credential: PhoneAuthCredential) {
                startActivity(Intent(applicationContext, MainActivity::class.java))
                finish()
                Log.d("GFG" , "onVerificationCompleted Success")
            }
  
            // Called when verification is failed add log statement to see the exception
            override fun onVerificationFailed(e: FirebaseException) {
                Log.d("GFG" , "onVerificationFailed  $e")
            }
  
            // On code is sent by the firebase this method is called
            // in here we start a new activity where user can enter the OTP
            override fun onCodeSent(
                verificationId: String,
                token: PhoneAuthProvider.ForceResendingToken
            ) {
                Log.d("GFG","onCodeSent: $verificationId")
                storedVerificationId = verificationId
                resendToken = token
                
                // Start a new activity using intent
                // also send the storedVerificationId using intent
                // we will use this id to send the otp back to firebase
                val intent = Intent(applicationContext,OtpActivity::class.java)
                intent.putExtra("storedVerificationId",storedVerificationId)
                startActivity(intent)
                finish()
            }
        }
    }
  
    private fun login() {
        number = findViewById<EditText>(R.id.et_phone_number).text.trim().toString()
          
        // get the phone number from edit text and append the country cde with it
        if (number.isNotEmpty()){
            number = "+91$number"
            sendVerificationCode(number)
        }else{
            Toast.makeText(this,"Enter mobile number", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
        }
    }
  
    // this method sends the verification code
      // and starts the callback of verification
    // which is implemented above in onCreate
    private fun sendVerificationCode(number: String) {
        val options = PhoneAuthOptions.newBuilder(auth)
            .setPhoneNumber(number) // Phone number to verify
            .setTimeout(60L, TimeUnit.SECONDS) // Timeout and unit
            .setActivity(this) // Activity (for callback binding)
            .setCallbacks(callbacks) // OnVerificationStateChangedCallbacks
            .build()
        PhoneAuthProvider.verifyPhoneNumber(options)
        Log.d("GFG" , "Auth started")
    }
}

Step 7: Working with the OtpActivity.kt file

Go to the OtpActivity.kt file and refer to the following code. Below is the code for the OtpActivity.kt file. Comments are added inside the code to understand the code in more detail.



Kotlin




import android.content.Intent
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import android.os.Bundle
import android.widget.Button
import android.widget.EditText
import android.widget.Toast
import com.google.firebase.auth.FirebaseAuth
import com.google.firebase.auth.FirebaseAuthInvalidCredentialsException
import com.google.firebase.auth.PhoneAuthCredential
import com.google.firebase.auth.PhoneAuthProvider
  
class OtpActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
    
    // get reference of the firebase auth
    lateinit var auth: FirebaseAuth
  
    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_otp)
  
        auth=FirebaseAuth.getInstance()
  
        // get storedVerificationId from the intent
        val storedVerificationId= intent.getStringExtra("storedVerificationId")
  
        // fill otp and call the on click on button
        findViewById<Button>(R.id.login).setOnClickListener {
            val otp = findViewById<EditText>(R.id.et_otp).text.trim().toString()
            if(otp.isNotEmpty()){
                val credential : PhoneAuthCredential = PhoneAuthProvider.getCredential(
                    storedVerificationId.toString(), otp)
                signInWithPhoneAuthCredential(credential)
            }else{
                Toast.makeText(this,"Enter OTP", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
            }
        }
    }
    // verifies if the code matches sent by firebase
    // if success start the new activity in our case it is main Activity
    private fun signInWithPhoneAuthCredential(credential: PhoneAuthCredential) {
        auth.signInWithCredential(credential)
            .addOnCompleteListener(this) { task ->
                if (task.isSuccessful) {
                    val intent = Intent(this , MainActivity::class.java)
                    startActivity(intent)
                    finish()
                } else {
                    // Sign in failed, display a message and update the UI
                    if (task.exception is FirebaseAuthInvalidCredentialsException) {
                        // The verification code entered was invalid
                        Toast.makeText(this,"Invalid OTP", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show()
                    }
                }
            }
    }
}

Step 8: Go to AndroidManifest.xml and add the following code

XML




<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    package="com.geeksforgeeks.phoneauth">
  
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>
  
    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/Theme.PhoneAuth">
        <activity android:name=".OtpActivity"></activity>
        <activity android:name=".PhoneNumberActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
  
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
  
        </activity>
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
  
        </activity>
    </application>
  
</manifest>

Step 9: Enable the Android DeviceCheck API for your project

In the Google Cloud Console, enable the Android DeviceCheck API for your project. The default Firebase API Key will be used and needs to be allowed to access the DeviceCheck API.

Step 10: Add SHA keys from Android Studio to Firebase

Copy SHA1 and SHA-256 keys from your project and paste them to the firebase console. Below is the screenshot to guide you.

Note: Please refer to this article How to Generate SHA1, MD5, and SHA-256 Keys in Android Studio?

On the Firebase console go to Project Overview ->  Project Setting, and click add fingerprint button, and add your SHA keys copied from firebase

Step 11: Enable Phone Number sign-in for your Firebase project

In the Firebase console choose your project, open the Authentication section. On the Sign-in Method page, enable the Phone Number sign-in method.

Output:

Github repo here.

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