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Perl | log() Function
  • Last Updated : 25 Jun, 2019

log() function in Perl returns the natural logarithm of value passed to it. Returns $_ if called without passing a value. log() function can be used to find the log of any base by using the formula:

Syntax: log(value)

Parameter:
value: Number of which log is to be calculated

Returns:
Floating point number in scalar context

Example 1:



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#!/usr/bin/perl -w
  
# Calculating log of base 10 
# using log function
print "log10(2): ", log10(2), "\n";
print "log10(7): ", log10(7), "\n";
print "log10(9): ", log10(9), "\n";
  
# Function for log10 calculator
sub log10 
{
    my $n = shift;
      
    # using pre-defined log function
    return log($n) / log(10);
}

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Output:

log10(2): 0.301029995663981
log10(7): 0.845098040014257
log10(9): 0.954242509439325

 
Example 2:

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#!/usr/bin/perl -w
  
# Calculating log of different 
# base using log function
print "log3(2): ", log3(2), "\n";
print "log5(7): ", log5(7), "\n";
print "log2(9): ", log2(9), "\n";
  
# Function for log3 calculator
sub log3 
{
    my $n = shift;
      
    # using pre-defined log function
    return log($n) / log(3);
}
  
# Function for log5 calculator
sub log5
{
    my $n = shift;
      
    # using pre-defined log function
    return log($n) / log(5);
}
  
# Function for log2 calculator
sub log2 
{
    my $n = shift;
      
    # using pre-defined log function
    return log($n) / log(2);
}

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Output:

log3(2): 0.630929753571457
log5(7): 1.20906195512217
log2(9): 3.16992500144231
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