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Perceptron Algorithm for Logic Gate with 3-bit Binary Input
• Last Updated : 18 Aug, 2020

In the field of Machine Learning, the Perceptron is a Supervised Learning Algorithm for binary classifiers. The Perceptron Model implements the following function: For a particular choice of the weight vector and bias parameter , the model predicts output for the corresponding input vector .
The logical function truth table of AND, OR, NAND, NOR gates for 3-bit binary variables, i.e, the input vector and the corresponding output        0000011
0010110
0100110
0110110
1000110
1010110
1100110
1111100

Now for the corresponding weight vector of the input vector , the associated Perceptron Function can be defined as:  For the implementation, considered weight parameters are and the bias parameter is for every logic gates-      11-1-1 11-1-1 11-1-1 -2-0.931

Python Implementation:

 # importing python libraryimport numpy as np  # sigmoid activation functiondef activationFunction(model, type ="sigmoid"):   return {       "sigmoid": 1 / (1 + np.exp(-model))   }[type]  # designing perceptron modeldef perceptronModel(weights, inputs, bias):   model = np.add(np.dot(inputs, weights), bias)   logic = activationFunction(model, type ="sigmoid")   return np.round(logic)  # computation modeldef compute(data, logicGate, weights, bias):   weights = np.array(weights)   output = np.array([ perceptronModel(weights,              datum, bias) for datum in data ])   return output  # Print Outputdef printOutput(dataset, name, data):   print("Logic Function: {}".format(name.upper()))   print("X1\tX2\tX3\tY")   toPrint = ["{1}\t{2}\t{3}\t{0}".format(output, *datas)                for datas, output in zip(dataset, data)]   for i in toPrint:       print(i)  # main functiondef main():   # 3 bit binary data   dataset = np.array([     [0, 0, 0],     [0, 0, 1],     [0, 1, 0],     [0, 1, 1],     [1, 0, 0],     [1, 0, 1],     [1, 1, 0],     [1, 1, 1]   ])     # Parameters of every Logic Gates   # weight parameters: w1, w2, w3   # bias parameter: b   logicGate = {       "and": compute(dataset, "and", [1, 1, 1], -2),       "or": compute(dataset, "or", [1, 1, 1], -0.9),       "nand": compute(dataset, "nand", [-1, -1, -1], 3),       "nor": compute(dataset, "nor", [-1, -1, -1], 1)   }   for gate in logicGate:       printOutput(dataset, gate, logicGate[gate])  if __name__ == '__main__':   main()
Output:
Logic Function: AND
X1    X2    X3    Y
0    0    0    0.0
0    0    1    0.0
0    1    0    0.0
0    1    1    0.0
1    0    0    0.0
1    0    1    0.0
1    1    0    0.0
1    1    1    1.0
Logic Function: OR
X1    X2    X3    Y
0    0    0    0.0
0    0    1    1.0
0    1    0    1.0
0    1    1    1.0
1    0    0    1.0
1    0    1    1.0
1    1    0    1.0
1    1    1    1.0
Logic Function: NAND
X1    X2    X3    Y
0    0    0    1.0
0    0    1    1.0
0    1    0    1.0
0    1    1    1.0
1    0    0    1.0
1    0    1    1.0
1    1    0    1.0
1    1    1    0.0
Logic Function: NOR
X1    X2    X3    Y
0    0    0    1.0
0    0    1    0.0
0    1    0    0.0
0    1    1    0.0
1    0    0    0.0
1    0    1    0.0
1    1    0    0.0
1    1    1    0.0


Here, the model predicted output ( ) for each of the test inputs are exactly matched with the AND, OR, NAND, NOR logic gates conventional output ( )s according to the truth table for 3-bit binary input.
Hence, it is verified that the perceptron algorithm for all these logic gates is correctly implemented.

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