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Peninsular Plateau of India

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  • Last Updated : 30 Jun, 2022
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Our nation has essentially all major actual elements of the earth, i.e., mountains, fields, deserts, levels, and islands. The place that is known for India shows incredible actual variety. Geographically, the Peninsular Plateau comprises one of the antiquated bodies of land on the world’s surface.

The Peninsular Plateau

The Peninsular plateau is a tableland made out of old glass-like, volcanic and transformative rocks. It was framed because of the breaking and floating of the Gondwana land and hence, making it a piece of the most established expanse of land. The level has wide and shallow valleys and adjusted slopes. The peninsular plateau is divided into two divisions- they are central highlands and the Deccan plateau

The piece of the Peninsular level misleading the north of the Narmada waterway, covering a significant region of the Malwa level, is known as the Central Highlands. The toward the east expansions of this level are privately known as the Bundel Khand and Baghel Khand.
The Deccan Plateau is the three-sided body of land that deceives the south of the stream Narmada.

The central Highlands includes

  • The Malwa Plateau
  • The Bundelkhand
  • The Baghel Khand
  • The Chota Nagpur Plateau

The Deccan Plateau includes, 

  • The Deccan Trap
  • The Western Ghats
  • The Eastern Ghats
  • The North-East Extensions

Central Highlands

It is otherwise called the Madhya Bharat Pathar or Madhya Bharat level It is toward the east of the Marwar or Mewar Upland. A large portion of the level includes the bowl of the Chambal waterway which streams in a break valley. The Kali Sindh, moving from Rana Pratap Sagar, The Banas coursing through Mewar level, and The Parwan and the Parbati moving from Madhya Pradesh are its principal feeders. It is a moving level with adjusted slopes made out of sandstone. Thick backwoods develop here.

The Malwa plateau 

The territories of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan cover the Malwa Plateau. This level has a double waste framework, the Narmada, Tapi, and Mahi streams towards the Arabian ocean and Chambal and Betwa towards the Bay of Bengal. For the most part, covered with dark soil stores, the Malwa Plateau encounters weighty magma. The Plateau contains tropical dry teak timberlands. 

Notwithstanding Chambal, waterways like Sindh, Ken, Kali, Betwa, and Parbati. These dark soil stores have an extraordinary dampness maintenance limit and contain an extreme focus on the sand. Taken apart by various streams, the Chambal Ravines mark the Malwa Plateau.

The Bundel Khand 

Situated in Madhya Pradesh condition of focal India, the level comprises the Vindhya slopes and is analyzed by gorges. It has a height of 300-600 m above ocean level. This Plateau has a decrepit geography and is set apart by different glutting channels like Tons, Kenn, Dhasan, and Betwa.

The Betwa stream situated in this level is utilised to produce hydropower and astounding for outfitting water system offices. It creates great quality jewels, stone, gneiss, and sandstone. It additionally develops harvests like wheat, cotton, grain, sorghum, and so on.

The Baghel khand 

Made of limestones and sandstones on the west and rock in the east. It is limited by the Son waterway on the north. The focal piece of the level goes about as a water split between the Son waste framework in the north and the Mahanadi waterway framework in the south. The locale is lopsided with general height fluctuating from 150 m to 1,200 m. The Bhan rer and Kaimur are found near the box pivot. The overall horizontality of the layers shows that this region has not gone through any significant unsettling influence.

The Chota Nagpur plateau

Chota Nagpur level addresses the north-eastern projection of the Indian Peninsula. For the most part in Jharkhand, northern piece of Chhattisgarh and Purulia locale of West Bengal. The Son stream streams in the north-west of the level and joins the Ganga. The typical rise of the level is 700 m above ocean level. This level is made essentially out of Gondwana rocks.

The Rajmahal Hills framing the north eastern edge of the Chota Nagpur Plateau are generally made of basalt and are covered by magma streams. They run in north-south bearing and ascend to average height of 400 m (most noteworthy mount is 567 m). These slopes have been taken apart into isolated levels. This level is made principally out of Gondwana rocks. The level is depleted by various waterways and streams every which way and presents an outspread waste example. {Drainage Pattern}.Streams like the Damodar, the North Koel, the South Koel and the Barkar have created broad waste bowls. The Damodar waterway moves through the center of this district in a crack valley from west to east. Here are observed the Gondwana coal fields which give heft of coal in India.

Features of Peninsular Plateau

  • It covers an all out area of around 16 lakh sq. km (India overall is 32 lakh sq. km). The typical level of the level is 600-900 m above ocean level.
  • A large portion of the peninsular streams stream west to east showing it’s general slant. Narmada-Tapti are the special cases which stream from east to west in a break.
  • The Peninsular Plateau is a one of the most seasoned landforms of earth. It is an exceptionally steady square made for the most part out of the Archean gneisses and schists .
  • It has been a steady safeguard which has gone through minimal primary changes since its development.
  • Since few hundred million years, Peninsular square has been a land region and has never been lowered underneath the ocean besides in a couple of spots.
  • Peninsular Plateau is a conglomeration of a few more modest levels, slope ranges sprinkled with stream bowls and valleys.

Sample Questions

Question 1: What is peninsular plateau?

Answer: 

The Peninsular plateau is a tableland made out of the old glass like, volcanic and transformative rocks. It was framed because of the breaking and floating of the Gondwana land and hence, making it a piece of the most established expanse of land. 

Question 2:  Explain the Features of central highlands? 

Answer:

It is otherwise called the Madhya Bharat Pathar or Madhya Bharat level It is toward the east of the Marwar or Mewar Upland. A large portion of level includes the bowl of the Chambal waterway which streams in a break valley.
The Kali Sindh, moving from Rana Pratap Sagar, The Banas coursing through Mewar level and The Parwan and the Parbati moving from Madhya Pradesh are its principal feeders

Question 3: What are the Features of peninsular plateau? 

Answer:

It covers an all out area of around 16 lakh sq. km (India overall is 32 lakh sq. km). The typical level of the level is 600-900 m above ocean level. A large portion of the peninsular streams stream west to east showing it’s general slant. Narmada-Tapti are the special cases which stream from east to west in a break.
The Peninsular Plateau is a one of the most seasoned landforms of earth. It is an exceptionally steady square made for the most part out of the Archean gneisses and schists . It has been a steady safeguard which has gone through minimal primary changes since its development.

Question 4: Explain about Chota Nagpur plateau? 

Answer:

Chota Nagpur level addresses the north-eastern projection of the Indian Peninsula. For the most part in Jharkhand, northern piece of Chhattisgarh and Purulia locale of West Bengal. The Son stream streams in the north-west of the level and joins the Ganga.
The typical rise of the level is 700 m above ocean level. This level is made essentially out of Gondwana rocks. The Rajmahal Hills framing the north eastern edge of the Chota Nagpur Plateau are generally made of basalt and are covered by magma streams.

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