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Paper Battery

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  • Last Updated : 06 Jan, 2022
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A Paper Battery is a meager, adaptable energy manufacture and storage device that is shaped by merging carbon nanotubes with an ordinary sheet of cellulose-based paper. The paper battery can act in two different ways. A battery and a supercapacitor too. These non-dangerous, adaptable batteries can be utilized as a power source to next-generation electronic gadgets, medical devices, crossbreed vehicles, and so on. Notwithstanding being expandable, paper batteries might be folded, cut, or generally formed for various applications with no loss of integrity or efficiency. 

As sensors are progressively being installed in ordinary articles, there has been a relating requirement for alternative power sources in the Internet of Things (IoT). The high cellulose substance and absence of harmful synthetic compounds in paper batteries make them both biocompatible and naturally amicable, particularly when contrasted with the lithium-particle batteries utilized in many present-day electronic gadgets. 

The regular reusable batteries which we use in our everyday life comprise of different isolating parts which are utilized for delivering electrons with the chemical reaction of metal and electrolyte. If once the paper of the battery is plunged in ion-based based fluid, at that point the battery begins working i.e., power is created by the motion of electrons from cathode terminal to anode terminal. This is because of the chemical reaction between the electrodes of the paper battery and fluid. Because of the rapid flow of the particles within a few seconds (10sec), energy will be put away in the paper-electrode during the recharging. By stacking different paper-batteries upon one another, the yield of the paper battery can be expanded. 

As the paper batteries are connected with one another all around intently for expanding their output, there is a chance of happening short between the anode terminal and cathode terminal. On the off chance that once the anode terminal contacts with the cathode terminal, at that point there will be no progression of current in the outer circuit. Along these lines, to dodge the short circuit between anode and cathode a barrier or separator is required, which can be satisfied by the paper separator. 


  1. Biodegradable 
  2. Non-Toxic 
  3. Recyclable 
  4. Low-Shear Strength 
  5. Low Mass Density 
  6. Low Resistance 


  1. Can be used by folding and rolling 
  2. Works as a battery as well as a capacitor 
  3. Can generate electrical energy of 1.5V 
  4. The output voltage can be customized 
  5. Ultra-thin in size 


  1. Very Expensive 
  2. Generation of E-wastage 

A paper battery can really demonstrate helpful for applications where convenience and size is the main prerequisite. Current electronic supplies like smart cards, digital watches encourage the necessity of thin batteries which are dependable and non-toxic. 

It can likewise be utilized for low-power gadgets like calculators, wristwatches, and remote communication gadgets like a mouse, Bluetooth earphones, keypads, and so on.

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