Output of C Program | Set 17
Predict the output of following C programs.
Output: 10*20*sizeof(int) which is “800” for compilers with integer size as 4 bytes.
The pointer p is de-referenced, hence it yields type of the object. In the present case, it is an array of array of integers. So, it prints R*C*sizeof(int).
Thanks to Venki for suggesting this solution.
The operator ## is called “Token-Pasting” or “Merge” Operator. It merges two tokens into one token. So, after preprocessing, the main function becomes as follows, and prints 100.
Output: “same x is MAXUINT, y is MAXUINT” Where MAXUINT is the maximum possible value for an unsigned integer.
-1 and ~0 essentially have same bit pattern, hence x and y must be same. In the comparison, y is promoted to unsigned and compared against x. The result is “same”. However, when interpreted as signed and unsigned their numerical values will differ. x is MAXUNIT and y is -1. Since we have %u for y also, the output will be MAXUNIT and MAXUNIT.
Thanks to Venki for explanation.
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