Output of C++ programs | Set 39 (Pointers)

Prerequisite: Pointers in C/C++

QUE.1 What would be printed from the following C++ program?

 #include #include using namespace std; int main() {     float x = 5.999;     float* y, *z;     y = &x;     z = y;     cout << x << ", " << *(&x) << ", " << *y << ", " << *z << "\n";     return 0; }

a) 5.999, 5.999, 5.999, 5.999
b) 5.999, 5.9, 5.000, 5.900
c) Address of the elements
d) compilation error

Explanation: The reason for this is x gives the value stored in the variable x. *(&x) gives the data value stored in the address &x i.e., the data value of x. Since y points to x (..y=&x), *y gives the value of x. And because z has the same address as that of y, *z also gives the value of x i.e., 5.999

QUE.2 What would be printed from the following C++ program?

 #include using namespace std;    int main() {     int track[] = { 10, 20, 30, 40 }, *striker;        striker = track;     track += 30;     cout << "Striker>" << *striker << " ";     *striker -= 10;     striker++;     cout << "Next@" << *striker << " ";     striker += 2;     cout << "Last@" << *striker << " ";     cout << "Reset To" << track << " ";        return 0; }

a) 10, 20, 30, 40
b) Striker>10 Next@50 Last@40 Reset To0
c) Striker>10 Next@40 Last@50 Reset To0
d) Striker> Next@ Last@ Reset To

Explanation: The array track contains 4 elements {10, 20, 30, 40} and the pointer striker holds the base address of the array track i.e, address of track.
1) *striker holds the data value of track i.e, 10. Decrement in *striker by 10 makes the track=0.
2) Incrementing pointer striker gives the next location of track i.e., 1. Now *striker gives the data value of track.
3) Again by incrementing by 2, striker reaches to the 4 address of the array track i.e, track.
4) At last print the value at track, which is 0 (see step 1)

QUE.3 What would be printed from the following C++ program?

 #include using namespace std;    int main() {     int a = 32, *ptr = &a;        char ch = 'A', &cho = ch;     cho += a;     *ptr += ch;     cout << a << ", " << ch << endl;     return 0; }

OPTION
a) 97, A
b) 128, A
c) 97, a
d) 129, a

Explanation: ptr is a pointer which holds the address of a while *ptr returns the data value of a. Cho is a reference variable which hold the reference of ch. Now, incrementing the value of cho by 32 (ASCII value), reflect to cho and ch makes it equal to “a” (alphabet). In last step, data value of *ptr incremented by ch i. e., “a” gives a = 129.

QUE.4 What is the output of the following C++ program?

 #include using namespace std;    int main() {     const int i = 20;     const int* const ptr = &i;     (*ptr)++;     int j = 15;     ptr = &j;     return 0; }

a) Address of the elements
b) run time error
c) Compilation error
d) none of this

Explanation: ptr is a constant pointer to constant integer, which means neither the pointer nor its contents will be modified, thus lines 6 and 8 are invalid as they are trying to modify the contents and pointer respectively.

QUE.5 What is the output of the following C++ program?

 #include using namespace std; #include int main() {     char* str[] = { "AAAAA", "BBBBB", "CCCCC", "DDDDD" };     char** sptr[] = { str + 3, str + 2, str + 1, str };     char*** pp;        pp = sptr;     ++pp;     printf("%s", **++pp + 2);     return 0; }

a) BBBBB
b) CCCCC
c) BBB
d) Error

Explanation: *str is a array pointer of string, **sptr is array pointer(double pointer) that is pointing to str strings in reverse order. ***pp also a pointer that is pointing sptr base address. ++pp will point to 1st index of sptr that contain str+2 (“CCCCC”). in printf(“%s”, **++pp+2); ++pp will point to str+1, and **++pp, value stored @ str+1 (“BBBBB). and (**++pp)+2 will point the 2nd index of “BBBBB”, hence BBB will be printed.

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