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Outcomes of Democracy

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  • Last Updated : 10 Jun, 2022
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A democratic government is one in which the people elect the rulers and is one of the most significant aspects of all democracies. Consider Myanmar, which has a non-democratic government with rulers who are not chosen by the people. Those in control of the country’s army took over as rulers, and the people had no voice in the matter. Dictators, such as Chile’s Pinochet, are not chosen by the people. This is also true with monarchies.

Features

  • Free and Fair Electoral Competition: Every five years, China has elections to elect the country’s parliament, known as the National People’s Congress. A candidate must first gain the approval of the Chinese Communist Party before running for office. The Communist Party always forms the government. Mexico, on the other hand, has held presidential elections every six years since its independence in 1930. However, until 2000, the PRI party won every election (Institutional Revolutionary Party). Democracy necessitates free and fair elections in which those in power have a genuine chance of losing.
  • One person, one vote, one value: Democracy is founded on the fundamental concept of political equality. However, there are numerous cases where the equal right to vote is denied. Women in Saudi Arabia did not have the ability to vote until 2015. Estonia’s citizenship requirements were written in such a way that it was difficult for members of the Russian minority to get voting rights. The electoral system of Fiji is set up in such a way that an indigenous Fijian’s vote has more weight than an Indian vote. The element of democracy that this emphasizes is that each adult citizen must have one vote, and each vote must have the same value.

Outcomes of Democracy

People have the right to pick their rulers and have authority over them. Citizens can influence how decisions are made. Citizens have a government that is accountable to them and responsive to their desires and goals as a result of democracy. Decisions are made in line with defined rules and procedures under democracy. As a result, a citizen who wishes to know if a decision was taken in accordance with the law can do so. Citizens have the right to engage in decision-making at any moment. People want to be governed by representatives who have been elected by them.

Merits of Democracy

  1. People in a democracy expect the government to work for their benefit. This might be accomplished through the creation of power, roads, the provision of homes, jobs, health, and education, among other things.
  2. Democracy allows for mistakes to be corrected.
  3. If there are disagreements, democracy allows for them to be resolved.
  4. Democracy helps to increase the quality of decision-making.
  5. Democracy improves the dignity of all individuals.
  6. Most importantly, democracy promotes equality among all people of the country.
  7. Governments in a democracy are accountable, legitimate, and responsive to citizens’ expectations and requirements.
  8. When it comes to electing their government officials, all citizens have equal weight.

Demerits of Democracy

  1. Democracy breeds corruption because it is based on electoral competition.
  2. Because any regular citizen can run for and win elections, and any citizen can choose their government representatives, it is argued that ordinary citizens who do not know what is best for them should not be involved in decision-making.
  3. Elected government officials often make poor decisions because they do not comprehend what is best for the public.
  4. Decisions in a democracy are delayed because many people must be consulted.
  5. Democracy has no room for morality because it is all about power and political competitiveness.

Economic Growth and Development

Economic development is influenced by a number of elements, including the size of the country’s population, the global situation, international collaboration, the country’s economic priorities, and so on. There is a huge disparity in economic growth rates between dictatorships and democratic countries. As a result, democracy is chosen because it produces a number of favorable consequences.

Economic Outcomes of Democracy

  1. Economic growth has been slightly better under dictatorial regimes. When comparing their performance in poor countries, however, there is essentially no difference.
  2. Within democracies, there can be significant inequities.
  3. The chances offered to the lower parts of society are frequently unequal.

Reduction of Inequality and Poverty

When it comes to electing legislators, everyone has an equal say. We are seeing growing economic inequities as a result of the process of bringing citizens into the political arena on an equal footing.

  1. A small number of ultra-wealthy individuals control a disproportionate amount of wealth and income. Their share of overall national revenue has been increasing.
  2. Those at bottom of society, their income has been decreasing.

No civilization is capable of entirely and permanently resolving tensions between various groups. We may, however, learn to respect these distinctions and develop strategies to deal with them. A democratic regime’s ability to deal with social diversity, divisions, and disputes is a plus. However, in order to obtain this result, democracy must meet two prerequisites.

  1. In order for governments to function as representatives of the broad public, the majority must always work with the minority.
  2. Different persons and organizations may and can form a majority in any decision or election, according to the rule of majority.

Dignity and Freedom of the Citizens

In terms of supporting individual dignity and freedom, democracy outperforms all other forms of government. Democracy is built on a passion for respect and liberty. Consider the issue of women’s dignity. Long-running efforts for women’s rights have raised awareness that respect and equitable treatment for women are vital components of a democratic society. Inequalities based on caste exist in the same way. 

The vast majority of people today believe that their vote has an impact on how the government is run as well as their own self-interest. The democratic examination never comes to an end. As one test passes, it generates another. People expect more and want to improve democracy as they see its benefits. The fact that people are demonstrating at all demonstrates the success of democracy.

Sample Problems

Question 1: “Accountability is provided by a government in democracy”. Explain this statement.

Solution:

The decision-making process in a democracy is governed by rules and procedures. A citizen may be aware of the procedure followed in the decision-making process. Transparency is the term for it. As a result, the government is answerable to the people. The government can create procedures that allow citizens to hold the government accountable. This approach is exemplified in India via the Right to Information Act. 

There is no such accountability in a non-democratic regime. However, democratic regimes in general have a poor track record. when it comes to information sharing with individuals. But, whatever the case may be, democratic governments are preferable to non-democratic regimes.

Question 2: How does democracy produce a responsive government?

Solution:

A democratic administration is expected to be responsive to the needs and desires of the people and to be substantially free of corruption. In practice, however, this is not the case. Democracies frequently frustrate people’s desires and ignore the requests of the majority of the population. As a result, it isn’t totally responsive. Corruption does exist in democratic countries. At the same time, there is little evidence that non-democratic governments are less corrupt or sympathetic to the needs of their citizens.

Question 3: How does democracy produce a legitimate government?

Solution:

Democracy outperforms non-democratic governments in this regard. People want to be governed by representatives who have been elected by them. They also believe that democracy is the best form of government for their country, as the government is run by people and for themselves.

Question 4: What is the basis of democracy and what are its advantages?

Solution:

Deliberation and negotiation are vital to democracy. Deliberation and negotiation offer the advantage of ensuring that all persons are satisfied with the decisions made.

Question 5: What are the main features of a democracy?

Solution:

Democracies have a written constitution, hold elections, have political parties, and provide individuals with certain rights.

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