File handling in Julia is achieved using functions such as open(), read(), close(). There are many ways to read the contents of a file like readline(), readlines() and just read().
- open(): To open a file existing in an absolute path, provided as the parameter.
- read(): Read the contents of the file into a single string.
- close(): Close the file object or the variable holding the instance of an opened file.
Opening a File
Consider a file “text.txt” placed in the same working directory along with Julia’s implementation file.
one two three four five six
Now we will use
open() function to open a file in readable mode
f = open("absolute path of the file", "r") # few file operations close(f)
There are two methods to Open a file using
Open a file using
open() and assign it to a variable which is the instance of the opened file, then make use of that variable for further operations to be performed on the opened file.Then close the file using
Open a file in union with a ‘do’ control flow. The opened file will automatically be closed once the end of do loop is attained. Perform the desired operations within the do control flow. This is the most common and handy way of opening and accessing a file.
Reading the contents of a file
Reading a File can be done in multiple ways with the use of pre-defined functions in Julia. Files can be read line by line, in the form of strings or the whole file at once.
Read the file contents line by line using readline() Function
Suppose a file has n lines within. We can use the
readline() function to read the contents of the file in a line by line manner(one line at a time) until the EOF (End of file) is attained.
Reading the lines of a file into a String array using readlines()
readlines() method is used to read all the lines of the file into a String array. Where every element is a line of the file. Using this we can read multiple lines at once.
Read all contents of a file into a Strring at once using read()
The file contents are entirely read into a single string using the
s = read(f, String) # f can be a file object or an absolute path
File Exception handling
Till now we have assumed the case where our file exists in the specified path. What if a file doesn’t exist in the specified path?
We will handle this using the Try-Catch block in Julia.Open the file in try block using open(), if the file exists, then perform the desired operation. Else the try block will throw an exception and the control reaches the catch block. The user can be warned in the try block using a
println() message or @warn.