# Odd-Even Sort / Brick Sort

This is basically a variation of bubble-sort. This algorithm is divided into two phases- Odd and Even Phase. The algorithm runs until the array elements are sorted and in each iteration two phases occurs- Odd and Even Phases.

In the odd phase, we perform a bubble sort on odd indexed elements and in the even phase, we perform a bubble sort on even indexed elements.

## C++

 `// A C++ Program to implement Odd-Even / Brick Sort ` `#include ` `using` `namespace` `std; ` ` `  `// A function to sort the algorithm using Odd Even sort ` `void` `oddEvenSort(``int` `arr[], ``int` `n) ` `{ ` `    ``bool` `isSorted = ``false``; ``// Initially array is unsorted ` ` `  `    ``while` `(!isSorted) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``isSorted = ``true``; ` ` `  `        ``// Perform Bubble sort on odd indexed element ` `        ``for` `(``int` `i=1; i<=n-2; i=i+2) ` `        ``{ ` `            ``if` `(arr[i] > arr[i+1]) ` `             ``{ ` `                ``swap(arr[i], arr[i+1]); ` `                ``isSorted = ``false``; ` `              ``} ` `        ``} ` ` `  `        ``// Perform Bubble sort on even indexed element ` `        ``for` `(``int` `i=0; i<=n-2; i=i+2) ` `        ``{ ` `            ``if` `(arr[i] > arr[i+1]) ` `            ``{ ` `                ``swap(arr[i], arr[i+1]); ` `                ``isSorted = ``false``; ` `            ``} ` `        ``} ` `    ``} ` ` `  `    ``return``; ` `} ` ` `  `// A utility function ot print an array of size n ` `void` `printArray(``int` `arr[], ``int` `n) ` `{ ` `   ``for` `(``int` `i=0; i < n; i++) ` `       ``cout << arr[i] << ``" "``; ` `   ``cout << ``"\n"``; ` `} ` ` `  `// Driver program to test above functions. ` `int` `main() ` `{ ` `    ``int` `arr[] = {34, 2, 10, -9}; ` `    ``int` `n = ``sizeof``(arr)/``sizeof``(arr); ` ` `  `    ``oddEvenSort(arr, n); ` `    ``printArray(arr, n); ` ` `  `    ``return` `(0); ` `} `

## Java

 `// Java Program to implement  ` `// Odd-Even / Brick Sort ` `import` `java.io.*; ` ` `  `class` `GFG ` `{ ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `oddEvenSort(``int` `arr[], ``int` `n) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``boolean` `isSorted = ``false``; ``// Initially array is unsorted ` ` `  `        ``while` `(!isSorted) ` `        ``{ ` `            ``isSorted = ``true``; ` `            ``int` `temp =``0``; ` ` `  `            ``// Perform Bubble sort on odd indexed element ` `            ``for` `(``int` `i=``1``; i<=n-``2``; i=i+``2``) ` `            ``{ ` `                ``if` `(arr[i] > arr[i+``1``]) ` `                ``{ ` `                    ``temp = arr[i]; ` `                    ``arr[i] = arr[i+``1``]; ` `                    ``arr[i+``1``] = temp; ` `                    ``isSorted = ``false``; ` `                ``} ` `            ``} ` ` `  `            ``// Perform Bubble sort on even indexed element ` `            ``for` `(``int` `i=``0``; i<=n-``2``; i=i+``2``) ` `            ``{ ` `                ``if` `(arr[i] > arr[i+``1``]) ` `                ``{ ` `                    ``temp = arr[i]; ` `                    ``arr[i] = arr[i+``1``]; ` `                    ``arr[i+``1``] = temp; ` `                    ``isSorted = ``false``; ` `                ``} ` `            ``} ` `        ``} ` ` `  `        ``return``; ` `    ``} ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `main (String[] args) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``int` `arr[] = {``34``, ``2``, ``10``, -``9``}; ` `        ``int` `n = arr.length; ` ` `  `        ``oddEvenSort(arr, n); ` `        ``for` `(``int` `i=``0``; i < n; i++) ` `            ``System.out.print(arr[i] + ``" "``); ` ` `  `        ``System.out.println(``" "``); ` `    ``} ` `} ` `// Code Contribute by Mohit Gupta_OMG <(0_o)> `

## Python3

 `# Python Program to implement  ` `# Odd-Even / Brick Sort ` ` `  `def` `oddEvenSort(arr, n): ` `    ``# Initially array is unsorted ` `    ``isSorted ``=` `0` `    ``while` `isSorted ``=``=` `0``: ` `        ``isSorted ``=` `1` `        ``temp ``=` `0` `        ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``1``, n``-``1``, ``2``): ` `            ``if` `arr[i] > arr[i``+``1``]: ` `                ``arr[i], arr[i``+``1``] ``=` `arr[i``+``1``], arr[i] ` `                ``isSorted ``=` `0` `                 `  `        ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``0``, n``-``1``, ``2``): ` `            ``if` `arr[i] > arr[i``+``1``]: ` `                ``arr[i], arr[i``+``1``] ``=` `arr[i``+``1``], arr[i] ` `                ``isSorted ``=` `0` `     `  `    ``return` ` `  ` `  `arr ``=` `[``34``, ``2``, ``10``, ``-``9``] ` `n ``=` `len``(arr) ` ` `  `oddEvenSort(arr, n); ` `for` `i ``in` `range``(``0``, n): ` `    ``print``(arr[i], end ``=` `' '``) ` `     `  `# Code Contribute by Mohit Gupta_OMG <(0_o)> `

## C#

 `// C# Program to implement  ` `// Odd-Even / Brick Sort ` `using` `System; ` ` `  `class` `GFG ` `{ ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `oddEvenSort(``int` `[]arr, ``int` `n) ` `    ``{ ` `        ``// Initially array is unsorted ` `        ``bool` `isSorted = ``false``;  ` ` `  `        ``while` `(!isSorted) ` `        ``{ ` `            ``isSorted = ``true``; ` `            ``int` `temp =0; ` ` `  `            ``// Perform Bubble sort on ` `            ``// odd indexed element ` `            ``for` `(``int` `i = 1; i <= n - 2; i = i + 2) ` `            ``{ ` `                ``if` `(arr[i] > arr[i+1]) ` `                ``{ ` `                    ``temp = arr[i]; ` `                    ``arr[i] = arr[i+1]; ` `                    ``arr[i+1] = temp; ` `                    ``isSorted = ``false``; ` `                ``} ` `            ``} ` ` `  `            ``// Perform Bubble sort on ` `            ``// even indexed element ` `            ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i <= n - 2; i = i + 2) ` `            ``{ ` `                ``if` `(arr[i] > arr[i+1]) ` `                ``{ ` `                    ``temp = arr[i]; ` `                    ``arr[i] = arr[i+1]; ` `                    ``arr[i+1] = temp; ` `                    ``isSorted = ``false``; ` `                ``} ` `            ``} ` `        ``} ` `        ``return``; ` `    ``} ` `     `  `    ``// Driver code ` `    ``public` `static` `void` `Main () ` `    ``{ ` `        ``int` `[]arr = {34, 2, 10, -9}; ` `        ``int` `n = arr.Length; ` `         `  `        ``// Function calling ` `        ``oddEvenSort(arr, n); ` `        ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) ` `            ``Console.Write(arr[i] + ``" "``); ` ` `  `        ``Console.WriteLine(``" "``); ` `    ``} ` `}  ` ` `  `// This code is contributed by Sam007 `

Output :

`-9 2 10 34 `

We demonstrate the above algorithm using the below illustration on the array = {3, 2, 3, 8, 5, 6, 4, 1} Please refer wiki for proof of correctness.

Time Complexity : O(N2) where, N = Number of elements in the input array.

Auxiliary Space : O(1). Just like bubble sort this is also an in-place algorithm.

Exercise
In our program in each iteration we first do bubble sort on odd indexed elements and then a bubble sort on the even indexed elements.

Will we get a sorted result if we first perform a bubble sort on even indexed element first and then on the odd indexed element ?

This article is contributed by Rachit Belwariar. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article and mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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Improved By : Sam007

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