numpy.std(arr, axis = None) : Compute the standard deviation of the given data (array elements) along the specified axis(if any)..
Standard Deviation (SD) is measured as the spread of data distribution in the given data set.
For example :
x = 1 1 1 1 1 Standard Deviation = 0 . y = 9, 2, 5, 4, 12, 7, 8, 11, 9, 3, 7, 4, 12, 5, 4, 10, 9, 6, 9, 4 Step 1 : Mean of distribution 4 = 7 Step 2 : Summation of (x - x.mean())**2 = 178 Step 3 : Finding Mean = 178 /20 = 8.9 This Result is Variance. Step 4 : Standard Deviation = sqrt(Variance) = sqrt(8.9) = 2.983..
arr : [array_like]input array.
axis : [int or tuples of int]axis along which we want to calculate the standard deviation. Otherwise, it will consider arr to be flattened (works on all the axis). axis = 0 means SD along the column and axis = 1 means SD along the row.
out : [ndarray, optional]Different array in which we want to place the result. The array must have the same dimensions as expected output.
dtype : [data-type, optional]Type we desire while computing SD.
Results : Standard Deviation of the array (a scalar value if axis is none) or array with standard deviation values along specified axis.
arr : [20, 2, 7, 1, 34] std of arr : 12.576167937809991 More precision with float32 std of arr : 12.576168 More accuracy with float64 std of arr : 12.576167937809991
std of arr, axis = None : 15.3668474320532 std of arr, axis = 0 : [ 7.56224173 17.68473918 18.59267329 3.04138127 0. ] std of arr, axis = 1 : [ 0. 8.7772433 20.53874388 16.40243884]
- Important differences between Python 2.x and Python 3.x with examples
- Python | Convert list to Python array
- Python | Merge Python key values to list
- Reading Python File-Like Objects from C | Python
- Python | Index of Non-Zero elements in Python list
- Python | Add Logging to a Python Script
- Python | Sort Python Dictionaries by Key or Value
- Python | Set 4 (Dictionary, Keywords in Python)
- Python | Add Logging to Python Libraries
- Python | Visualizing O(n) using Python
- abs() in Python
- Python Set | pop()
- set add() in python
- Any & All in Python
If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to firstname.lastname@example.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.
Please Improve this article if you find anything incorrect by clicking on the "Improve Article" button below.