Numpy recarray.trace() function | Python

In numpy, arrays may have a data-types containing fields, analogous to columns in a spreadsheet. An example is [(a, int), (b, float)], where each entry in the array is a pair of (int, float). Normally, these attributes are accessed using dictionary lookups such as arr['a'] and arr['b'].

Record arrays allow the fields to be accessed as members of the array, using arr.a and arr.b. numpy.recarray.trace() function is used to return the sum along diagonals of the array.

Syntax : numpy.recarray.trace(offset=0, axis1=0, axis2=1, dtype=None, out=None)

Parameters:
offset : [int, optional] Offset of the diagonal from the main diagonal. Can be both positive and negative. Defaults to 0.
axis1 : [int, optional] Axes to be used as the first and second axis of the 2-D sub-arrays from which the diagonals should be taken.
axis2 : [int, optional] Axes to be used as the first and second axis of the 2-D sub-arrays from which the diagonals should be taken.
dtype : [optional] Determines the data-type of the returned array.
out : [ndarray, optional] A location into which the result is stored.
  -> If provided, it must have a shape that the inputs broadcast to.
  -> If not provided or None, a freshly-allocated array is returned.

Return : [ndarray] sum of a diagonal elements of the record array.

Code #1 :

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# Python program explaining
# numpy.recarray.trace() method 
  
# importing numpy as geek
import numpy as geek
  
# creating input array with 2 different field 
in_arr = geek.array([[(5.0, 2), (3.0, -4), (6.0, 9)],
                     [(9.0, 1), (5.0, 4), (-12.0, -7)]],
                     dtype =[('a', float), ('b', int)])
  
print ("Input array : ", in_arr)
  
# convert it to a record array,
# using arr.view(np.recarray)
rec_arr = in_arr.view(geek.recarray)
print("Record array of float: ", rec_arr.a)
print("Record array of int: ", rec_arr.b)
  
# applying recarray.trace methods
# to float record array 
out_arr = rec_arr.a.trace()
print ("Output float traced array : ", out_arr) 
  
# applying recarray.trace methods 
# to int record array
out_arr = rec_arr.b.trace()
print ("Output int traced array : ", out_arr) 

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Output:

Input array :  [[(  5.,  2) (  3., -4) (  6.,  9)]
 [(  9.,  1) (  5.,  4) (-12., -7)]]
Record array of float:  [[  5.   3.   6.]
 [  9.   5. -12.]]
Record array of int:  [[ 2 -4  9]
 [ 1  4 -7]]
Output float traced array :  10.0
Output int traced array :  6
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