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Numpy recarray.tobytes() function | Python

  • Last Updated : 27 Sep, 2019

In numpy, arrays may have a data-types containing fields, analogous to columns in a spreadsheet. An example is [(a, int), (b, float)], where each entry in the array is a pair of (int, float). Normally, these attributes are accessed using dictionary lookups such as arr['a'] and arr['b'].

Record arrays allow the fields to be accessed as members of the array, using arr.a and arr.b. numpy.recarray.tobytes() function construct Python bytes containing the raw data bytes in the array.

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Syntax : numpy.recarray.tobytes(order='C')



Parameters:
order : [ā€˜Cā€™, ā€˜Fā€™, None, optional] Order of the data for multidimensional arrays: C, Fortran, or the same as for the original array.

Return : [bytes] Python bytes exhibiting a copy of record array’s raw data.

Code #1 :




# Python program explaining
# numpy.recarray.tobytes() method 
  
# importing numpy as geek
import numpy as geek
  
# creating input array with 2 different field 
in_arr = geek.array([[(5.0, 2), (3.0, -4), (6.0, 9)],
                     [(9.0, 1), (5.0, 4), (-12.0, -7)]],
                     dtype =[('a', float), ('b', int)])
  
print ("Input array : ", in_arr)
  
# convert it to a record array,
# using arr.view(np.recarray)
rec_arr = in_arr.view(geek.recarray)
print("Record array of float: ", rec_arr.a)
print("Record array of int: ", rec_arr.b)
  
# applying recarray.tobytes methods
# to float record array in default order
out_arr = rec_arr.a.tobytes()
print ("Output Python bytes of float record array in default order ", out_arr) 
print()
  
# applying recarray.tobytes methods
# to float record array in fortan order
out_arr = rec_arr.a.tobytes(order ='F')
print ("Output Python bytes of float record array in fortan order ", out_arr) 
print()
  
# applying recarray.tobytes methods 
# to int record array in default order
out_arr = rec_arr.b.tobytes()
print ("Output Python bytes of int record array in default order ", out_arr) 
print()
  
# applying recarray.tobytes methods 
# to int record array in fortan order
out_arr = rec_arr.b.tobytes(order ='F')
print ("Output Python bytes of int record array in fortan order ", out_arr) 
Output:

Input array : [[( 5., 2) ( 3., -4) ( 6., 9)]
[( 9., 1) ( 5., 4) (-12., -7)]]
Record array of float: [[ 5. 3. 6.]
[ 9. 5. -12.]]
Record array of int: [[ 2 -4 9]
[ 1 4 -7]]
Output Python bytes of float record array in default order b’\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x14@\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x08@\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x18@\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00″@\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x14@\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00(\xc0′

Output Python bytes of float record array in fortan order b’\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x14@\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00″@\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x08@\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x14@\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x18@\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00(\xc0′

Output Python bytes of int record array in default order b’\x02\x00\x00\x00\xfc\xff\xff\xff\t\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\x04\x00\x00\x00\xf9\xff\xff\xff’

Output Python bytes of int record array in fortan order b’\x02\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x00\x00\xfc\xff\xff\xff\x04\x00\x00\x00\t\x00\x00\x00\xf9\xff\xff\xff’

 

Code #2 :

We are applying numpy.recarray.tobytes() to whole record array.




# Python program explaining
# numpy.recarray.tobytes() method 
  
# importing numpy as geek
import numpy as geek
  
# creating input array with 2 different field 
in_arr = geek.array([[(5.0, 2), (3.0, 4), (6.0, -7)],
                     [(9.0, 1), (6.0, 4), (-2.0, -7)]],
                     dtype =[('a', float), ('b', int)])
  
print ("Input array : ", in_arr)
  
# convert it to a record array, 
# using arr.view(np.recarray)
rec_arr = in_arr.view(geek.recarray)
  
# applying recarray.tobytes methods to  
# record array in default order
out_arr = rec_arr.tobytes()
print ("Output Python bytes of record array in default order ", out_arr) 
print()
  
# applying recarray.tobytes methods to  
# record array in fortan order
out_arr = rec_arr.tobytes(order ='F')
print ("Output Python bytes of record array in fortan order ", out_arr) 
Output:

Input array : [[( 5., 2) ( 3., 4) ( 6., -7)]
[( 9., 1) ( 6., 4) (-2., -7)]]
Output Python bytes of record array in default order b’\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x14@\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x08@\x04\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x18@\xf9\xff\xff\xff\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00″@\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x18@\x04\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\xc0\xf9\xff\xff\xff’

Output Python bytes of record array in fortan order b’\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x14@\x02\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00″@\x01\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x08@\x04\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x18@\x04\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x18@\xf9\xff\xff\xff\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\xc0\xf9\xff\xff\xff’




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