# Numpy MaskedArray.sum() function | Python

`numpy.MaskedArray.median() ` function is used to compute the sum of the masked array elements over the given axis.

Syntax : `numpy.ma.sum(arr, axis=None, dtype=None, out=None, keepdims=False)`

Parameters:

arr : [ ndarray ] Input masked array.
axis :[ int, optional] Axis along which the sum is computed. The default (None) is to compute the sum over the flattened array.
dtype : [dtype, optional] Type of the returned array, as well as of the accumulator in which the elements are multiplied.
out : [ndarray, optional] A location into which the result is stored.
-> If provided, it must have a shape that the inputs broadcast to.
-> If not provided or None, a freshly-allocated array is returned.
keepdims :[ bool, optional] If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the result as dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will broadcast correctly against the input array.

Return : [sum_along_axis, ndarray] A new array holding the result is returned unless out is specified, in which case a reference to out is returned.

Code #1 :

 `# Python program explaining ` `# numpy.MaskedArray.sum() method  ` `   `  `# importing numpy as geek   ` `# and numpy.ma module as ma  ` `import` `numpy as geek  ` `import` `numpy.ma as ma  ` `   `  `# creating input array   ` `in_arr ``=` `geek.array([[``1``, ``2``], [ ``3``, ``-``1``], [ ``5``, ``-``3``]]) ` `print` `(``"Input array : "``, in_arr)  ` `   `  `# Now we are creating a masked array.  ` `# by making  entry as invalid.   ` `mask_arr ``=` `ma.masked_array(in_arr, mask ``=``[[``1``, ``0``], [ ``1``, ``0``], [ ``0``, ``0``]])  ` `print` `(``"Masked array : "``, mask_arr)  ` `   `  `# applying MaskedArray.sum     ` `# methods to masked array ` `out_arr ``=` `ma.``sum``(mask_arr)  ` `print` `(``"sum of masked array along default axis : "``, out_arr)  `

Output:

```Input array :  [[ 1  2]
[ 3 -1]
[ 5 -3]]
[-- -1]
[5 -3]]
sum of masked array along default axis :  3
```

Code #2 :

 `# Python program explaining ` `# numpy.MaskedArray.sum() method  ` `    `  `# importing numpy as geek   ` `# and numpy.ma module as ma  ` `import` `numpy as geek  ` `import` `numpy.ma as ma  ` `    `  `# creating input array  ` `in_arr ``=` `geek.array([[``1``, ``0``, ``3``], [ ``4``, ``1``, ``6``]])  ` `print` `(``"Input array : "``, in_arr) ` `     `  `# Now we are creating a masked array.  ` `# by making one entry as invalid.   ` `mask_arr ``=` `ma.masked_array(in_arr, mask ``=``[[ ``0``, ``0``, ``0``], [ ``0``, ``0``, ``1``]])  ` `print` `(``"Masked array : "``, mask_arr)  ` `    `  `# applying MaskedArray.sum methods  ` `# to masked array ` `out_arr1 ``=` `ma.``sum``(mask_arr, axis ``=` `0``)  ` `print` `(``"sum of masked array along 0 axis : "``, out_arr1) ` ` `  `out_arr2 ``=` `ma.``sum``(mask_arr, axis ``=` `1``)  ` `print` `(``"sum of masked array along 1 axis : "``, out_arr2) `

Output:

```Input array :  [[1 0 3]
[4 1 6]]
Masked array :  [[1 0 3]
[4 1 --]]
sum of masked array along 0 axis :  [5 1 3]
sum of masked array along 1 axis :  [4 5]
```

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