Given an integer L which is the sum of degrees of all the vertices of some tree. The task is to find the count of all such distinct trees (labeled trees). Two trees are distinct if they have at least a single different edge.
Input: L = 2
Input: L = 6
Simple Solution: A simple solution is to find the number of nodes of the tree which has sum of degrees of all vertices as L. Number of nodes in such a tree is n = (L / 2 + 1) as described in this article.
Now the solution is to form all the labeled trees which can be formed using n nodes. This approach is quite complex and for larger values of n it is not possible to find out the number of trees using this process.
Efficient Solution: An efficient solution is to find the number of nodes using Cayley’s formula which states that there are n(n – 2) trees with n labeled vertices. So the time complexity of the code now reduces to O(n) which can be further reduced to O(logn) using modular exponentiation.
Below is the implementation of the above approach:
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