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Node.js socket.setTTL() Method

  • Last Updated : 13 Jul, 2021

The socket.setTTL() method is an inbuilt application programming interface of class Socket within dgram module which is used to set or clear the IP_TTL socket option which helps to specify how many number of IP hops that a packet is allowed to travel through the specified router or gateway.

Syntax:

const socket.setTTL( ttl )

Parameters: This method takes integer value representing the number of IP hops that a packet is allowed to travel through the specified router or gateway.

Return Value: This method does not return any value.

Example 1: Filename: index.js



Javascript




// Node.js program to demonstrate the
// server.setTTL() method
 
 
// Importing dgram module
var dgram = require('dgram');
 
// Creating and initializing client
// and server socket
var client = dgram.createSocket("udp4");
var server = dgram.createSocket("udp4");
let broadcast_address = 12345;
 
// Catching the message event
server.on("message", function (msg) {
 
  // Displaying the client message
  process.stdout.write("UDP String: " + msg + "\n");
 
  // Exiting process
  process.exit();
})
.bind(broadcast_address, () => {
 
  // Enable the IP_TTL socket option
  // and specifying the number of IP hopes
  // by using the setTTL() method
  server.setTTL(144);
});
 
// Client sending message to server
client.send("Hello", 0, 7, broadcast_address, "localhost");

Output:

UDP String: Hello

Example 2: Filename: index.js

Javascript




// Node.js program to demonstrate the
// server.setTTL() method
 
// Importing dgram module
var dgram = require('dgram');
 
// Creating and initializing client
// and server socket
var client = dgram.createSocket("udp4");
var server = dgram.createSocket("udp4");
 
// Catching the message event
server.on("message", function (msg) {
 
  // Displaying the client message
  process.stdout.write("UDP String: " + msg + "\n");
 
  // Exiting process
  process.exit();
});
 
// Catching the listening event
server.on('listening', () => {
  const address = server.address();
  console.log(`server listening
    ${address.address}:${address.port}`);
});
 
// Binding server with port address
server.bind(1234, () => {
    
  // Enable the IP_TTL socket option
  // and specifying the number of IP hopes
  // by using the setTTL() method
  server.setTTL(144);
});
 
// Client sending message to server
client.send("Hello", 0, 7, 1234, "localhost");

Output:

server listening 0.0.0.0:1234
UDP String: Hello

Run the index.js file using the following command:

node index.js

Reference: https://nodejs.org/dist/latest-v12.x/docs/api/dgram.html#dgram_socket_setttl_ttl




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