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Node.js fs.rm() Method

  • Last Updated : 03 Feb, 2021

The fs.rm() method is used to delete a file at the given path. It can also be used recursively to remove directories.

Syntax:

fs.rm( path, options, callback );

Parameters: This method accepts three parameters as mentioned above and described below:

  • path: It holds the path of the file that has to be removed. It can be a String, Buffer, or URL.
  • options: It is an object that can be used to specify optional parameters that will affect the operation as follows:
    • force: It is a boolean value. Exceptions will be ignored if the path does not exist.
    • recursive: It is a boolean value that specifies if recursive directory removal is performed. In this mode, errors are not reported if the specified path is not found and the operation is retried on failure. The default value is false.
  • callback: It is the function that would be called when the method is executed.
    • err: It is an error that would be thrown if the operation fails.

Below examples illustrate the fs.rm() method in Node.js:

Example 1: This example uses fs.rm() method to delete a file.



Filename: index.js

Javascript




// Import necessary modules
let fs = require('fs');
  
// List files before deleting
getCurrentFilenames();
  
fs.rm('./dummy.txt', { recursive:true }, (err) => {
    if(err){
        // File deletion failed
        console.error(err.message);
        return;
    }
    console.log("File deleted successfully");
      
    // List files after deleting
    getCurrentFilenames();
})
  
// This will list all files in current directory
function getCurrentFilenames() { 
    console.log("\nCurrent filenames:"); 
    fs.readdirSync(__dirname).forEach(file => { 
        console.log(file); 
    }); 
    console.log(""); 
}

Run the index.js file using the following command:

node index.js

Output:

Current filenames:
dummy.txt        
index.js
node_modules     
package-lock.json
package.json

File deleted successfully

Current filenames:
index.js
node_modules
package-lock.json
package.json

Example 2: This example uses fs.rm() method with the recursive parameter to delete directories.

Filename: index.js

Javascript




// Import the filesystem module 
const fs = require('fs'); 
    
// List the files in current directory 
getCurrentFilenames(); 
    
// Trying to delete directory without the recursive parameter 
fs.rm("./build", { recursive: false }, (err) => { 
  if (err) { 
    console.error(err);
  
  else
    console.log("Non Recursive: Directory Deleted!"); 
  
}); 
  
// Using the recursive option to delete directory 
fs.rm("./build", { recursive: true }, (err) => { 
  if (err) { 
    console.error(err); 
  
  else
    console.log("Recursive: Directory Deleted!"); 
    
    // List files after delete 
    getCurrentFilenames(); 
  
}); 
    
// List all files in current directory
function getCurrentFilenames() { 
  console.log("\nCurrent filenames:"); 
  fs.readdirSync(__dirname).forEach(file => { 
    console.log(file); 
  }); 
  console.log("\n"); 
}

Run the index.js file using the following command:

node index.js

Output:

Current filenames:
build

index.js
node_modules     
package-lock.json
package.json

SystemError [ERR_FS_EISDIR]: Path is a directory: rm returned EISDIR 
(is a directory) ./build
    at internal/fs/utils.js:688:23
    at FSReqCallback.oncomplete (fs.js:184:5) {
  code: 'ERR_FS_EISDIR',
  info: {
    code: 'EISDIR',
    message: 'is a directory',
    path: './build',
    syscall: 'rm',
    errno: 21
  },
  errno: [Getter/Setter: 21],
  syscall: [Getter/Setter: 'rm'],
  path: [Getter/Setter: './build']
}

Recursive: Directory Deleted!

Current filenames:
index.js
node_modules
package-lock.json
package.json

Reference:https://nodejs.org/api/fs.html#fs_fs_rm_path_options_callback




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