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Node.js | fs.copyFileSync() Function
  • Last Updated : 29 Apr, 2020

The fs.copyFileSync() method is used to synchronously copy a file from the source path to destination path. Node.js will overwrite the file if it already exists in the destination. The optional mode parameter can be used to specify the behavior of the copy operation.

Syntax:

fs.copyFileSync(src, dest, mode)

Parameters: This method accepts three parameters as mentioned above and described below:

  • src: It is a String, Buffer or URL that denotes the source filename to copy.
  • dest: It is a String, Buffer or URL that denotes the destination filename that the copy operation would create.
  • mode: It is an integer which specifies the behavior of the copy operation. The values can be given predefined constants that have their respective behaviours:
    • fs.constants.COPYFILE_EXCL: This constant specifies that the copy operation would fail if the destination filename already exists.
    • fs.constants.COPYFILE_FICLONE: This constant specifies that the copy operation would try to create a copy-on-write reflink. A fallback mechanism is used if the platform does not supprt copy-on-write.
    • fs.constants.COPYFILE_FICLONE_FORCE: This constant specifies that the copy operation would try to create a copy-on-write reflink. The opeartion would fail if the platform does not support copy-on-write, unlike the previous one.
    • These constants can also be combined with bitwise OR to create a mask of more than one value. It is an optional parameter. The default value of the parameter is 0.

Below examples illustrate the fs.copyFileSync() method in Node.js:

Example 1: This example shows the copy operation of the “hello.txt” file to the “world.txt” file.



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// Node.js program to demonstrate the
// fs.copyFileSync() method
  
// Import the filesystem module
const fs = require('fs');
  
// Get the current filenames
// before the function
getCurrentFilenames();
console.log("\nFile Contents of hello.txt:",
      fs.readFileSync("hello.txt", "utf8"));
  
fs.copyFileSync("hello.txt", "world.txt");
  
// Get the current filenames
// after the function
getCurrentFilenames();
console.log("\nFile Contents of world.txt:",
      fs.readFileSync("world.txt", "utf8"));
  
// Function to get current filenames
// in directory
function getCurrentFilenames() {
  console.log("\nCurrent files in directory:");
  fs.readdirSync(__dirname).forEach(file => {
    console.log(file);
  });
}

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Output:

Current files in directory:
hello.txt
index.js

File Contents of hello.txt: Hello World

Current files in directory:
hello.txt
index.js
world.txt

File Contents of world.txt: Hello World

Example 2: This example shows the failure of the copy operation when the destination already exists.

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// Node.js program to demonstrate the
// fs.copyFileSync() method
  
// Import the filesystem module
const fs = require('fs');
  
// Get the current filenames
// before the function
getCurrentFilenames();
console.log("\nFile Contents of hello.txt:",
      fs.readFileSync("hello.txt", "utf8"));
  
try {
  fs.copyFileSync("hello.txt", "world.txt",
    fs.constants.COPYFILE_EXCL);
  
  // Get the current filenames
  // after the function
  getCurrentFilenames();
  console.log("\nFile Contents of world.txt:",
    fs.readFileSync("hello.txt", "utf8"));
}
catch (err) {
  console.log(err);
}
  
// Function to get current filenames
// in directory
function getCurrentFilenames() {
  console.log("\nCurrent filenames:");
  fs.readdirSync(__dirname).forEach(file => {
    console.log(file);
  });
}

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Output:

Current filenames:
hello.txt
world.txt
index.js

File Contents of hello.txt: Hello World
Error: EEXIST: file already exists, copyfile 'hello.txt' -> 'world.txt'
    at Object.copyFileSync (fs.js:1790:3)
    at Object. (G:\tutorials\nodejs-fs-copyFileSync\index.js:35:6)
    at Module._compile (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:956:30)
    at Object.Module._extensions..js (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:973:10)
    at Module.load (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:812:32)
    at Function.Module._load (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:724:14)
    at Function.Module.runMain (internal/modules/cjs/loader.js:1025:10)
    at internal/main/run_main_module.js:17:11 {
  errno: -4075,
  syscall: 'copyfile',
  code: 'EEXIST',
  path: 'hello.txt',
  dest: 'world.txt'
}

Reference: https://nodejs.org/api/fs.html#fs_fs_copyfilesync_src_dest_mode




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