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Node.js filehandle.readFile() Method

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The filehandle.readFile() method is used to asynchronously read the file contents. This method reads the entire file into the buffer. It Asynchronously reads the entire contents of a file.


filehandle.readFile( options )

Parameters: The method accepts single parameter as mentioned above and described below:

  • options: It holds the encoding of file. Its default value is ‘utf8’. It is an object or a string.
    • encoding: It is a String or NULL. Default: null

Return Value: It returns a Promise.

  • The Promise is resolved with the contents of the file. If no encoding is specified using options.encoding, the data is returned as a Buffer object. Otherwise, the data will be a string.
  • If options is a string, then it specifies the encoding.
  • The FileHandle has to support reading.

Example: Read the file contents of the file ‘GFG.txt’ 

Note: ‘GFG.txt’ should be present in the directory with the following text:

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Filename: app.js

// Node.js program to demonstrate the   
// fsPromises.truncate() Method
// Import the filesystem module 
const fs = require('fs');
const fsPromises = fs.promises;
// Using the async function to
// ReadFile using filehandle
async function doReadFile() {
    let filehandle = null;
    try {
        // Using the filehandle method
        filehandle = 
        await'GFG.txt', 'r+');
        var data = 
        await filehandle.readFile("utf8");
    } catch (e) {
        console.log("Error", e);
doReadFile().catch((error) => {
    console.log("Error", error)

Run app.js file using the following command:

node app.js


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Last Updated : 08 Oct, 2021
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