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Nested Structure in Golang

  • Last Updated : 13 Aug, 2019

A structure or struct in Golang is a user-defined type, which allows us to create a group of elements of different types into a single unit. Any real-world entity which has some set of properties or fields can be represented as a struct. Go language allows nested structure. A structure which is the field of another structure is known as Nested Structure. Or in other words, a structure within another structure is known as a Nested Structure.

Syntax:

type struct_name_1 struct{
  // Fields
} 
type struct_name_2 struct{
  variable_name  struct_name_1

}

Let us discuss this concept with the help of the examples:

Example 1:




// Golang program to illustrate
// the nested structure
package main
  
import "fmt"
  
// Creating structure
type Author struct {
    name   string
    branch string
    year   int
}
  
// Creating nested structure
type HR struct {
  
    // structure as a field
    details Author
}
  
func main() {
  
    // Initializing the fields
    // of the structure
    result := HR{
      
        details: Author{"Sona", "ECE", 2013},
    }
  
    // Display the values
    fmt.Println("\nDetails of Author")
    fmt.Println(result)
}

Output:

Details of Author
{{Sona ECE 2013}}

Example 2:




// Golang program to illustrate
// the nested structure
package main
  
import "fmt"
  
// Creating structure
type Student struct {
    name   string
    branch string
    year   int
}
  
// Creating nested structure
type Teacher struct {
    name    string
    subject string
    exp     int
    details Student
}
  
func main() {
  
    // Initializing the fields
    // of the structure
    result := Teacher{
        name:    "Suman",
        subject: "Java",
        exp:     5,
        details: Student{"Bongo", "CSE", 2},
    }
  
    // Display the values
    fmt.Println("Details of the Teacher")
    fmt.Println("Teacher's name: ", result.name)
    fmt.Println("Subject: ", result.subject)
    fmt.Println("Experience: ", result.exp)
  
    fmt.Println("\nDetails of Student")
    fmt.Println("Student's name: ", result.details.name)
    fmt.Println("Student's branch name: ", result.details.branch)
    fmt.Println("Year: ", result.details.year)
}

Output:

Details of the Teacher
Teacher's name:  Suman
Subject:  Java
Experience:  5

Details of Student
Student's name:  Bongo
Student's branch name:  CSE
Year:  2



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