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NCERT Solutions of India Size And Location for Class 9 Geography

Last Updated : 09 Apr, 2024
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NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 “India – Size and Location” provides answers to the exercises found in the ‘Contemporary India’ textbook. These solutions help students prepare for CBSE exams since questions are often based on NCERT textbooks. Studying these solutions can enhance exam performance and deepen understanding of the chapter’s topics. They also help learners see how different geographical concepts relate to each other. Below are the solutions for Chapter 1, “India – Size and Location.” Additionally, students can access NCERT Solutions for Class 9 for other subjects.

In this article, we are going to discuss the NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Geography Social Science Chapter 1 India Size And Location in detail.


NCERT Solutions of India Size And Location for Class 9 Geography

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Geography Social Science Chapter 1 India Size And Location

India is a really old society and has made big strides in farming, factories, tech, and growing its economy. It’s also had a big impact on world history. In the CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 notes about India’s size and location, you’ll learn about how big India is, its main meridian line, its connections with other countries through trade routes, and who its neighbors are. Here are the solutions as mentioned below.

1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.

(i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through

(a) Rajasthan (b) Odisha

(c) Chhattisgarh (d) Tripura

(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is

(a) 97° 25′ E (b) 68° 7′ E

(c) 77° 6′ E (d) 82° 32′ E

(iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim have common frontiers with

(a) China (b) Bhutan

(c) Nepal (d) Myanmar

(iv) If you intend to visit Kavarati during your summer vacations, which one of the following Union Territories of India will you be going to

(a) Puducherry (b) Lakshadweep

(c) Andaman and Nicobar (d) Daman and Diu

(v) My friend hails from a country which does not share a land boundary with India. Identify the country.

(a) Bhutan (b) Tajikistan

(c) Bangladesh (d) Nepal


(i) The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through – (b) Odisha.

(ii) The easternmost longitude of India is – (a) 97° 25′ E.

(iii) Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim have common frontiers with (c) Nepal.

(iv) Kavarati is situated in the union territory of (b) Lakshadweep.

(v) (b) Tajikistan does not share a land boundary with India.

2. Answer the following questions briefly.

(i) Name the group of islands lying in the Arabian Sea.

(ii) Name the countries which are larger than India.

(iii) Which island group of India lies to its south-east?

(iv) Which island countries are our southern neighbours?


India sits in the Northern Hemisphere, stretching between 8°4’N and 37°6’N latitudes and 68°7’E and 97°25’E longitudes. The Tropic of Cancer (23° 30’N) divides the country nearly in half. Lakshadweep islands are to the southwest in the Arabian Sea, and the Andaman and Nicobar islands are southeast in the Bay of Bengal.

Compared to India, countries like Russia, Canada, the U.S.A, China, Brazil, and Australia are larger. Russia is the biggest, covering 17.09 million, while India covers 3.28 million

The Andaman and Nicobar islands sit southeast of India in the Bay of Bengal. India has a land boundary about 15,200 km long. The total coastline, including the Andaman and Nicobar islands and Lakshadweep, is 7,516.6 km.

The island nations south of us are Sri Lanka and the Maldives. The Maldives are south of the Lakshadweep Islands, while Sri Lanka is separated by a narrow sea channel formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar.

3. The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat in the west, but the watches show the same time. How does this happen?


India spans approximately 30° both in latitude and longitude. It is longer from north to south than it is from east to west. There’s a two-hour time difference between Gujarat and Arunachal Pradesh. Since Arunachal Pradesh is on the eastern side of India, the sun rises there earlier than in Gujarat. The time along the Standard Meridian of India (82°30’E), passing through Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh, is considered the standard time for the entire country. The north-south extent affects the length of day and night; hence, watches show the same time across the country.

4. The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance. Why?


India is a part of the Asian continent, extending towards the south. It sits centrally between East and West Asia. The Indian Ocean plays a vital role in India’s strategic location, linking East Asian nations with Europe in the west. The Deccan Peninsula also reaches into the Indian Ocean, allowing India to connect closely with West Asia, Africa, and Europe from its western coast, and with Southeast and East Asia from its eastern coast. India stands out globally for having an extensive coastline along the Indian Ocean, which is why the ocean is named after it.

Class 9 Geography Social Science Chapter 1 – India Size and Location Summary

The NCERT Class 9 Contemporary India Chapter 1 talks about the following topics:

1. Size and location of India

  1. What are the latitudinal and longitudinal extensions of India?
  2. The total area of India and the land boundary.

2. India and the world

a. Indian Ocean- The central location of India.

b. What are the countries that lie on the eastern coast and the western coast of India?

c. What are the neighbouring countries of India?

Also Read:

Size and Location of India

Indian Geography: Location & Overview of India

Which physical feature of India is a flat land?

Important Questions on Physical Features of India

Important Questions on Physical Geography of India

FAQs – NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Geography Social Science Chapter 1 India Size And Location

What is the size and Location of India Class 9 social geography?

It is a vast country located in the northern hemisphere, with latitudes ranging from 8°4’N to 37°6’N and longitudes ranging from 68°7’E to 97°25’E. The Tropic of Cancer, 23° 30’N roughly divides the country into two equal halves.

What is Bhabar Class 9?

Bhabar is a narrow belt of about 8 to 16 km in width lying parallel to the slopes of the Shiwaliks in Uttarakhand state of India. This belt is formed as a result of the deposition of pebbles by the rivers descending from the mountains in the North.

What is India size and location Class 9?

The country has a land limit of 15,200 km and a coastline of 7516.6 km, making it the seventh-largest in the world. This coastline includes the islands of Andaman and Nicobar as well as Lakshadweep. India is located between latitudes 8°4’N and 37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E.

What is the conclusion of India size and location?

India is enormous in size, as we discussed it is the 7th largest country in the terms of landmass. The total area of India is 3.28 million square km. India also accounts for 2.4% of the area on the globe, with a land boundary of 15,200 km and the coastal boundary that includes the islands is 7,516 km.

What is the physical location of India?

The Country is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Indian Ocean to the south. Lying entirely in the Northern Hemisphere, the Country extends between 8° 4′ and 37° 6′ latitudes north of the Equator, and 68° 7′ and 97° 25′ longitudes east of it.

What is the shape of the India?

The Indian Peninsular is triangular in shape. It is an inverted triangle in nature. It has a base in central India and it tapers down towards the south.

What is India’s physical size?

It covers an area of around 32,87,263 sq. km (1,269,346 sq mi), extending from the snow-covered Himalayan heights to the tropical rain forests of the south.

What is the national size of India?

India covers an area of 32,87,263 sq. km, extending from the snow-covered Himalayan heights to the tropical rain forests of the south. As the 7th largest country in the world, India stands apart from the rest of Asia, marked off as it is by mountains and the sea, which give the country a distinct geographical entity.

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