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National Party Criteria: Conditions and Benefits

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  • Last Updated : 02 Sep, 2022
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The national party is a registered political party in India, which participates in elections. It is a party that gets something like six percent of the all-out votes in the Lok Sabha election or assembly in four States and wins no less than 2 percent of seats in the Lok Sabha election. Parties recognized as such are given novel symbols which just the authority up-and-comers of that party can utilize. The parties that get these honors and a few other extraordinary offices are recognized by the election commission of India for this reason. For that reason, these parties are called recognized national parties.

Conditions to Become a National Party:

It is not easy to become a national party in India. There are many conditions to be fulfilled to become a national party in India. 
According to the election commission of India, a political party is eligible to be recognized as a national party if it met one of the following conditions. The conditions to become a national party in India are the following:

  • The party receives 6% of the vote in any four or more states during a general election for the Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, and it also gets four Lok Sabha seats.
  • The party ought to win 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha election from a minimum of three distinct states.
  • The party gained recognition as a state party in four states.

Recognized National Parties in India:

In India, there are seven recognized national parties. They are the following.

  • Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
  • Indian National Congress (INC)
  • All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)
  • Communist Party of India (CPI)
  • Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)
  • Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M))

Benefits of Getting Recognized as a National Party in India:

  • A national party has the right to grant its reserved symbol exclusively to the candidates it has nominated across India. 
  • Recognized “National” parties only require one proposer to submit a nomination, and they are also entitled to two free sets of electoral rolls during roll revision, as well as one free electoral roll for each candidate during general elections. 
  • These parties receive broadcast and telecasting rights during general elections on Akashvani and Doordarshan. 
  • During general elections, political parties are permitted to nominate “Star Campaigners.” A registered unrecognized party may nominate a maximum of 20 “Star Campaigners,” whereas a recognized National or State party may nominate up to 40 “Star Campaigners.”
  • Star campaigners travelling expenses are not included in the election expense accounts of the party.
  • The government provides land or a building for the National parties to erect their party headquarters.


The words national party and political party are used interchangeably. But both of them have differences. It is easy to become a political party.  A political party can become a national party only after fulfilling certain conditions. The main aim of every political party is to become a national party and participate in elections. Each national party has its symbol, which differs from the other. Just an association or body of individual residents of India calling itself a political party and expecting to benefit itself from the provisions of Part-IV-A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (connecting with the enlistment of a political party) is expected to get itself enrolled with the election commission of India and become a national party.

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