MVC Design Pattern
The Model View Controller (MVC) design pattern specifies that an application consist of a data model, presentation information, and control information. The pattern requires that each of these be separated into different objects. MVC is more of an architectural pattern, but not for complete application. MVC mostly relates to the UI / interaction layer of an application. You’re still going to need business logic layer, maybe some service layer and data access layer.
UML Diagram MVC Design Pattern
- The Model contains only the pure application data, it contains no logic describing how to present the data to a user. (Its just a data that is shipped across the application like for example from back-end server view and from front-end view to the database. In java programming, Model can be represented by the use of POJO (Plain-old-java-object) which is a simple java class.
- The View presents the model’s data to the user. The view knows how to access the model’s data, but it does not know what this data means or what the user can do to manipulate it. View just represent, displays the application’s data on screen. View page are generally in the format of .html or .jsp in java programming (which is flexible).
- The Controller exists between the view and the model. It is where the actual business logic is written. It listens to events triggered by the view (or another external source) and executes the appropriate reaction to these events. In most cases, the reaction is to call a method on the model. Since the view and the model are connected through a notification mechanism, the result of this action is then automatically reflected in the view.
Let’s see an example of MVC Design Pattern.
Student: Name: Lokesh Sharma Roll No: 15UCS157 Student: Name: Vikram Sharma Roll No: 15UCS157
- Multiple developers can work simultaneously on the model, controller and views.
- MVC enables logical grouping of related actions on a controller together. The views for a specific model are also grouped together.
- Models can have multiple views.
- The overall components of an application are easily manageable & are less dependent on each other for proper functioning of application.
- The framework navigation can be complex because it introduces new layers of abstraction and requires users to adapt to the decomposition criteria of MVC.
- Knowledge on multiple technologies becomes the norm. Developers using MVC need to be skilled in multiple technologies.
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