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multiset clear() function in C++ STL

  • Last Updated : 30 Nov, 2021

The multiset::clear() function is a built-in function in C++ STL which removes all elements from the multiset container. The final size of multiset container after removal is 0. 

Syntax:  

multiset_name.clear()

Parameters: The function does not accept any parameter. 
Return Value: The function does not returns anything. 

Below programs illustrates the multiset::clear() function: 

Program 1:  

C++




// C++ program to demonstrate the
// multiset::clear() function
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
 
    int arr[] = { 15, 10, 15, 11, 10 };
 
    // initializes the set from an array
    multiset<int> s(arr, arr + 5);
 
    // prints all elements in set
    cout << "The elements in multiset are: ";
    for (auto it = s.begin(); it != s.end(); it++)
        cout << *it << " ";
 
    cout << "\nThe size after clear() is: ";
 
    // erases all elements
    s.clear();
    cout << s.size();
 
    return 0;
}
Output: 
The elements in multiset are: 10 10 11 15 15 
The size after clear() is: 0

 

Time Complexity: O(N), where N is the total number of elements present in the multiset.
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

Program 2: 

C++




// C++ program to demonstrate the
// multiset::clear() function
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
 
    int arr[] = { 15, 10, 15, 11, 10, 18, 18, 20, 20 };
 
    // initializes the set from an array
    multiset<int> s(arr, arr + 9);
 
    // prints all elements in set
    cout << "The elements in multiset are: ";
    for (auto it = s.begin(); it != s.end(); it++)
        cout << *it << " ";
 
    cout << "\nThe size after clear() is: ";
 
    // erases all elements
    s.clear();
    cout << s.size();
 
    return 0;
}
Output: 
The elements in multiset are: 10 10 11 15 15 18 18 20 20 
The size after clear() is: 0

 

Time Complexity: O(N), where N is the total number of elements present in the multiset.
Auxiliary Space: O(N)


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