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List of Top 10 Most Dangerous Countries in Africa

Last Updated : 12 Mar, 2024
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List of Top 10 Most Dangerous Countries in Africa: To gain more and more power and dominance the world is increasingly becoming more unsafe for its people. The dangers faced by people are not just from the military front but also from intellectual and emotional aspects. In this dangerous world nations of African origin are considered even more unsafe when compared to countries in Asian or European areas.

This could be attributed to their current economic, political, and governmental situation and crime statistics. The situations in some countries are so bad that traveling without agents is not recommended in these regions.

In this article, we have provided the list of top 10 most dangerous countries in Africa in 2024, with description of each of these countries.

Most Dangerous Country in Africa – South Sudan

South Sudan stands as the most dangerous country in South Africa. It is a landlocked country located in East-Central Africa. It gained independence from Sudan in July 2011, becoming the world’s newest country at that time. The capital and largest city is Juba. Despite its potential for economic development and rich natural resources, South Sudan has faced significant challenges since its independence.

Several factors contribute to the perception of South Sudan as a the top most of top 10 Most dangerous country in Africa in 2024. 

  • Conflict and Civil War: Ethnic tensions fuel a prolonged civil war marked by human rights abuses, displacement, and violence.
  • Ethnic and Tribal Divisions: Political and tribal divisions along ethnic lines contribute to instability and internal conflicts.
  • Economic Challenges: Heavy reliance on oil revenue and underdeveloped infrastructure aggravates economic struggles thus hampering development.
  • Humanitarian Crisis: Prolonged conflict leads to severe humanitarian crises, including widespread food insecurity, malnutrition, and limited access to healthcare.
  • Political Instability: Frequent changes in leadership, coupled with political instability, hinder the establishment of effective governance structures and exacerbate challenges.

List of Top 10 Most Dangerous Country in Africa in 2024

Before getting into details of the top 10 Most Dangerous Countries in Africa let us start by having a summarized and a concise view of the nations along with the factors which brings them to this list.

S. No.

Country‚Äôs name 

GPI index 

Factors leading to danger 

1.

South Sudan 

3.221

  • Civil war.
  • Ethnic tensions are high.
  • Fragile governance structures.

2. 

Democratic Republic of Congo 

3.214

  • Resource-driven armed conflicts.
  • Weak governance, corruption.
  • Persistent regional instability.

3. 

Somalia 

3.036 

  • Al-Shabaab threat.
  • Political fragmentation.
  • Ongoing sectarian violence.

4. 

Sudan 

3.023 

  • Post-separation tensions.
  • Internal conflicts persist.
  • Weak state institutions.

5.

Mali 

2.963

  • Jihadist threats.
  • Ethnic tensions fuel instability.
  • Political uncertainty.

6.

Central African Republic 

2.934

  • Sectarian violence.
  • Weak state institutions.
  • Fragile governance structures.

7.

Ethiopia 

2.872 

  • Escalated Internal conflicts.
  • Political instability rises.
  • Humanitarian crisis.

8.

Burkina Faso 

2.868

  • Terrorism-related insecurity.
  • Internal displacement.
  • Socio-economic challenges.

9.

Nigeria 

2.713 

  • Boko Haram threat.
  • Ethnic and religious tensions.
  • Ongoing regional conflicts.

10.

Chad 

2.699

  • Political instability.
  • Regional conflict.
  • Fragile security environment.

Top 10 Most Dangerous Country in Africa in 2024

To analyze how peaceful or dangerous a country is, the GPI [ global peace index] is used. It assesses a country on various factors which include stable business environment, capable government, acceptance of human rights, free-flowing information, sound international relations with neighboring states, lower corruption levels, higher levels of human capital and fair distribution of national resources. Based on the GPI index of 2023 here are the Top 10 Most dangerous country in Africa in 2024.

Chad – Tenth Most Dangerous Country in Africa

Chad is in Central Africa and has a lot of problems. The country is not very stable politically, and there are strong tensions between different ethnic groups. Chad also gets involved in fights with neighboring countries, making things more difficult. The government is not very strong, and this creates problems in keeping the country together.

Because of all these issues, Chad is considered one of the Top 10 Most dangerous country in Africa in 2024, according to the Global Peace Index of 2023. The people in Chad face challenges like ethnic conflicts, weak leadership, and involvement in neighboring fights, making life tough.

Nigeria – Ninth Most Dangerous Country in Africa

Nigeria is in West Africa and has some big problems. There’s a group called Boko Haram causing trouble, making things unsafe. People from different ethnic and religious groups don’t always get along, creating tensions. The government finds it hard to solve these issues, and there’s a lot of crime happening. Economic differences and political problems make things even tougher.

That’s why Nigeria is seen as one of the Top 10 Most dangerous country in Africa in 2024, according to the Global Peace Index of 2023. People in Nigeria face challenges like violence, problems between groups, and a government struggling to keep things peaceful.

Burkina Faso – Eighth Most Dangerous Country in Africa

Burkina Faso, found in West Africa, faces serious challenges. The problem of terrorism is getting worse, making the country less safe. Many families have to leave their homes because of this, causing more problems. The government isn’t very strong, making it hard to control the violence. Also, there aren’t enough resources to help.

All these difficulties together make Burkina Faso one of the Top 10 Most dangerous country in Africa in 2024, as per the Global Peace Index of 2023. People there deal with tough situations like terrorism, being forced out from their homes, and a government struggling to bring about peace and safety.

Ethiopia – Seventh Most Dangerous Country in Africa

Ethiopia, in the Central of Africa, is going through tough times. There are fights inside the country, especially in the Tigray region, causing people to leave their homes and facing rights issues. The political situation is unsure, and differences between ethnic groups make things even harder. Ethiopia is also dealing with a big humanitarian crisis.

Because of all these problems, it’s seen as one of the Top 10 Most dangerous countries in Africa in 2024, according to the Global Peace Index of 2023. People in Ethiopia have to deal with conflicts, uncertainties in politics, and a tough humanitarian situation, making life really challenging.

Central African Republic – Sixth Most Dangerous Country in Africa

The Central African Republic (CAR) gained independence in 1960, but its history has been marked by challenges. Dictatorial rule and a brief attempt at monarchy preceded the country’s shift toward democracy in the 1990s. The first democratically elected president, Ange-Felix Patasse, faced a coup led by General Francois Bozize in 2003.

The CAR faced the Bush War in 2004, with intermittent peace treaties, yet a persistent civil war resurged in 2012 and continues into 2024 without a conclusive ceasefire. Despite abundant natural resources, including oil, diamonds, gold, and uranium, along with fertile land, the CAR remains among the world’s poorest nations, with the lowest GDP per capita by purchasing power parity.

In a disheartening dual distinction, the CAR holds the title of the least healthy nation globally and the most challenging place for young people to live. These historical and current challenges contribute to the country’s recognition as one of the most dangerous places in Africa. 

Mali – Fifth Most Dangerous Country in Africa

Mali, in West Africa, confronts significant challenges. Trouble began in 2012 when Tuaregs in the north sought more independence due to poor conditions. The government’s response caused chaos, leading to a coup. The Tuaregs then took over northern cities, declaring Azawad as a separate, unrecognized country. But internal disagreements among supporting Islamic groups, linked to Al Qaeda Maghreb, sparked infighting. The Islamic rebels gained control, imposing strict Sharia law.

Mali, along with foreign forces, especially the French Army, has been fighting against them. Progress has been made, with the French planning to withdraw soon, but Mali has faced complex challenges due to ethnic diversity and political turmoil making it 5th in the list of top 10 most dangerous countries in Africa in 2024.

Sudan – Fourth Most Dangerous Country in Africa

Sudan, in North Africa, is a country with a complex history. With a population of 43 million, it faced instability through alternating military regimes and parliamentary democracies. In 2011, South Sudan seceded, changing Sudan’s status. Until 2019, under Omar al-Bashir’s 30-year rule, Sudan witnessed a Darfur war, accused of ethnic genocide.

A successful 2019 coup ousted Bashir, but tensions persist. The 2023 conflict involves military ruler Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, disrupting plans for civilian rule. Political instability, historical conflicts, and power struggles contribute to Sudan’s current unsafe environment. This has been symbolized by UNHCR’s refugee concerns making Sudan the 4th out of top 10 most dangerous countries in Africa in 2024.

Somalia – Third Most Dangerous Country in Africa

Somalia, located in East Africa, faces ongoing challenges, including the presence of the militant group Al-Shabaab. This organization engages in violence, causing an insecure environment for the Somali people. Political fragmentation and the inability to form a cohesive government aggravate the country’s problems.  Economic challenges and a lack of essential resources worsen the complex situation, making daily life more difficult.

The ongoing challenges in Somalia, mostly caused by Al-Shabaab and governance struggles, have resulted in making Somalia one of the top 10 most dangerous countries in Africa in 2024. Despite regular efforts to resolve these difficulties, the country continues to encounter obstacles to maintaining long-term stability, harming its residents’ well-being.

Democratic Republic of Congo – Second Most Dangerous Country in Africa

Second on the list of top 10 most dangerous countries of africa in 2024 is democratic republic of congo. The country faces intensified conflict in its Darfur region, contributing to a humanitarian tragedy with far-reaching consequences. The ongoing war not only claims the highest death toll globally but also destabilizes a nation rich in minerals and fosters the spread of diseases like Ebola.

The power struggle between military rulers, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, and paramilitary leaders like General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo aggravates the situation. Eastern Congo, particularly vulnerable, contends with state weakness, the presence of genocidal extremists, and resource-driven militia competition. International peacekeeping efforts, crucial for stability, face challenges due to political disputes and insufficient troop support.

South Sudan – Most Dangerous Country in Africa

South Sudan, formed in 2011, is Africa’s youngest nation. However, it grapples with internal strife, marked by ethnic tensions leading to a civil war. Political and tribal divisions, economic reliance on oil, and frequent leadership changes contribute to instability.

Humanitarian crises, such as food insecurity and limited healthcare, persist. These challenges hinder South Sudan’s development and contribute to its reputation as the leader of the list of top 10 most dangerous country of Africa in 2024.

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Conclusion – Top 10 Most Dangerous Countries in Africa

The Top 10 Most Dangerous Countries in Africa in 2024 face significant challenges, including conflicts, political instability, economic struggles, and humanitarian crises. South Sudan leads the list, dealing with internal strife, ethnic tensions, and a civil war. The overall situation in these countries highlights complex issues hindering development and creating a precarious environment for residents.

International attention, diplomatic efforts, and sustainable solutions are crucial to fostering peace, stability, and improved living conditions. The Top 10 Most Dangerous Countries in Africa underscore the urgency of addressing these challenges for a safer and more prosperous future for their populations.

FAQs – Top 10 Most Dangerous Countries in Africa

Which African country has the highest crime rate?

According to Number’s crime index, South Africa has the highest crime rate in Africa.

What is the most dangerous African country in the world?

As per the Global Peace Index 2023, South Sudan stood as the most dangerous African country in the world.

What is the safest African country?

Mauritius, which was ranked 23rd on the Global Peace Index 2023 is the safest country in Africa.

What is the poorest country in Africa?

Burundi, is the poorest country of Africa with GNI per capita at $238.4.



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