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Morse Code Implementation
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 08 Feb, 2021

Morse code is a method of transmitting text information as a series of on-off tones, lights, or clicks that can be directly understood by a skilled listener or observer without special equipment. It is named for Samuel F. B. Morse, an inventor of the telegraph.
The algorithm is very simple. Every character in the English language is substituted by a series of ‘dots’ and ‘dashes’ or sometimes just singular ‘dot’ or ‘dash’ and vice versa.
Every text string is converted into the series of dots and dashes. For this every character is converted into its Morse code and appended in encoded message. Here we have copied space as it is. We have considered both numbers and alphabets.
 

Examples: 

Input :  geeksforgeeks
Output : --...-.-.....-.---.-.--...-.-...

Input :  program
Output : .--..-.-----..-..---

C++




// CPP program to demonstrate Morse code
#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
 
// function to encode a alphabet as
// Morse code
string morseEncode(char x)
{
 
    // refer to the Morse table
    // image attached in the article
    switch (x) {
    case 'a':
        return ".-";
    case 'b':
        return "-...";
    case 'c':
        return "-.-.";
    case 'd':
        return "-..";
    case 'e':
        return ".";
    case 'f':
        return "..-.";
    case 'g':
        return "--.";
    case 'h':
        return "....";
    case 'i':
        return "..";
    case 'j':
        return ".---";
    case 'k':
        return "-.-";
    case 'l':
        return ".-..";
    case 'm':
        return "--";
    case 'n':
        return "-.";
    case 'o':
        return "---";
    case 'p':
        return ".--.";
    case 'q':
        return "--.-";
    case 'r':
        return ".-.";
    case 's':
        return "...";
    case 't':
        return "-";
    case 'u':
        return "..-";
    case 'v':
        return "...-";
    case 'w':
        return ".--";
    case 'x':
        return "-..-";
    case 'y':
        return "-.--";
    case 'z':
        return "--..";
    case '1':
        return ".----";
    case '2':
        return "..---";
    case '3':
        return "...--";
    case '4':
        return "....-";
    case '5':
        return ".....";
    case '6':
        return "-....";
    case '7':
        return "--...";
    case '8':
        return "---..";
    case '9':
        return "----.";
    case '0':
        return "-----";
    default:
        cerr << "Found invalid character: " << x << ' '
             << std::endl;
        exit(0);
    }
}
 
void morseCode(string s)
{
 
    // character by character print
    // Morse code
    for (int i = 0; s[i]; i++)
        cout << morseEncode(s[i]);
    cout << endl;
}
 
// Driver's code
int main()
{
    string s = "geeksforgeeks";
    morseCode(s);
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program to demonstrate Morse code
class GFG
{
    // function to encode a alphabet as
    // Morse code
    static String morseEncode(char x)
    {
     
        // refer to the Morse table
        // image attached in the article
        switch (x)
        {
            case 'a':
                return ".-";
            case 'b':
                return "-...";
            case 'c':
                return "-.-.";
            case 'd':
                return "-..";
            case 'e':
                return ".";
            case 'f':
                return "..-.";
            case 'g':
                return "--.";
            case 'h':
                return "....";
            case 'i':
                return "..";
            case 'j':
                return ".---";
            case 'k':
                return "-.-";
            case 'l':
                return ".-..";
            case 'm':
                return "--";
            case 'n':
                return "-.";
            case 'o':
                return "---";
            case 'p':
                return ".--.";
            case 'q':
                return "--.-";
            case 'r':
                return ".-.";
            case 's':
                return "...";
            case 't':
                return "-";
            case 'u':
                return "..-";
            case 'v':
                return "...-";
            case 'w':
                return ".--";
            case 'x':
                return "-..-";
            case 'y':
                return "-.--";
            // for space
            case 'z':
                return "--..";
            case '1':
                return ".----";
            case '2':
                return "..---";
            case '3':
                return "...--";
            case '4':
                return "....-";
            case '5':
                return ".....";
            case '6':
                return "-....";
            case '7':
                return "--...";
            case '8':
                return "---..";
            case '9':
                return "----.";
           case '0':
                return "-----";
        }
        return "";
    }
     
    static void morseCode(String s)
    {
        // character by character print
        // Morse code
        for (int i = 0;i<s.length(); i++)
            System.out.print(morseEncode(s.charAt(i)));
            System.out.println();
    }
     
    // Driver code
    public static void main (String[] args)
    {
        String s = "geeksforgeeks";
        morseCode(s);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by Anant Agarwal.

Python 3




# Python3 program to demonstrate Morse code
 
# function to encode a alphabet as
# Morse code
def morseEncode(x):
     
    # refer to the Morse table
    # image attached in the article
    if x is 'a':
        return ".-"
    elif x is 'b':
        return "-..."
    elif x is 'c':
        return "-.-."
    elif x is 'd':
        return "-.."
    elif x is 'e':
        return "."
    elif x is 'f':
        return "..-."
    elif x is 'g':
        return "--."
    elif x is 'h':
        return "...."
    elif x is 'i':
        return ".."
    elif x is 'j':
        return ".---"
    elif x is 'k':
        return "-.-"
    elif x is 'l':
        return ".-.."
    elif x is 'm':
        return "--"
    elif x is 'n':
        return "-."
    elif x is 'o':
        return "---"
    elif x is 'p':
        return ".--."
    elif x is 'q':
        return "--.-"
    elif x is 'r':
        return ".-."
    elif x is 's':
        return "..."
    elif x is 't':
        return "-"
    elif x is 'u':
        return "..-"
    elif x is 'v':
        return "...-"
    elif x is 'w':
        return ".--"
    elif x is 'x':
        return "-..-"
    elif x is 'y':
        return "-.--"
    elif x is 'z':
        return "--.."
    elif x is '1':
        return ".----";
    elif x is '2':
        return "..---";
    elif x is '3':
        return "...--";
    elif x is '4':
        return "....-";
    elif x is '5':
        return ".....";
    elif x is '6':
        return "-....";
    elif x is '7':
        return "--...";
    elif x is '8':
        return "---..";
    elif x is '9':
        return "----.";
    elif x is '0':
        return "-----";
 
# character by character print
# Morse code
def morseCode(s):
    for character in s:
        print(morseEncode(character), end = "")
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == "__main__":
    s = "geeksforgeeks"
    morseCode(s)
 
# This code is contributed
# by Vivek Kumar Singh

C#




// C# program to demonstrate Morse code
using System;
 
class GFG
{
    // function to encode a alphabet as
    // Morse code
    static string morseEncode(char x)
    {
     
        // refer to the Morse table
        // image attached in the article
        switch (x)
        {
            case 'a':
                return ".-";
            case 'b':
                return "-...";
            case 'c':
                return "-.-.";
            case 'd':
                return "-..";
            case 'e':
                return ".";
            case 'f':
                return "..-.";
            case 'g':
                return "--.";
            case 'h':
                return "....";
            case 'i':
                return "..";
            case 'j':
                return ".---";
            case 'k':
                return "-.-";
            case 'l':
                return ".-..";
            case 'm':
                return "--";
            case 'n':
                return "-.";
            case 'o':
                return "---";
            case 'p':
                return ".--.";
            case 'q':
                return "--.-";
            case 'r':
                return ".-.";
            case 's':
                return "...";
            case 't':
                return "-";
            case 'u':
                return "..-";
            case 'v':
                return "...-";
            case 'w':
                return ".--";
            case 'x':
                return "-..-";
            case 'y':
                return "-.--";
            // for space
            case 'z':
                return "--..";
             
            case '1':
                return ".----";
            case '2':
                return "..---";
            case '3':
                return "...--";
            case '4':
                return "....-";
            case '5':
                return ".....";
            case '6':
                return "-....";
            case '7':
                return "--...";
            case '8':
                return "---..";
            case '9':
                return "----.";
           case '0':
                return "-----";
        }
        return "";
    }
     
    static void morseCode(string s)
    {
        // character by character print
        // Morse code
        for (int i = 0;i<s.Length; i++)
            Console.Write(morseEncode(s[i]));
            Console.WriteLine();
    }
     
    // Driver code
    public static void Main ()
    {
        string s = "geeksforgeeks";
        morseCode(s);
    }
}
 
// This code is contributed by vt_m.

PHP




<?php
// php program to demonstrate
// Morse code
 
// function to encode a 
// alphabet as Morse code
function morseEncode($x)
{
 
  // refer to the Morse table
  // image attached in the article
  switch ($x) {
    case 'a':
        return ".-";
    case 'b':
        return "-...";
    case 'c':
        return "-.-.";
    case 'd':
        return "-..";
    case 'e':
        return ".";
    case 'f':
        return "..-.";
    case 'g':
        return "--.";
    case 'h':
        return "....";
    case 'i':
        return "..";
    case 'j':
        return ".---";
    case 'k':
        return "-.-";
    case 'l':
        return ".-..";
    case 'm':
        return "--";
    case 'n':
        return "-.";
    case 'o':
        return "---";
    case 'p':
        return ".--.";
    case 'q':
        return "--.-";
    case 'r':
        return ".-.";
    case 's':
        return "...";
    case 't':
        return "-";
    case 'u':
        return "..-";
    case 'v':
        return "...-";
    case 'w':
        return ".--";
    case 'x':
        return "-..-";
    case 'y':
        return "-.--";
    case '1':
     return ".----";
    case '2':
     return "..---";
    case '3':
     return "...--";
    case '4':
     return "....-";
    case '5':
     return ".....";
    case '6':
     return "-....";
    case '7':
      return "--...";
    case '8':
      return "---..";
    case '9':
     return "----.";
    case '0':
     return "-----";
 
    // for space
    case 'z':
        return "--..";
  }
}
 
function morseCode($s)
{
 
  // Character by character
  // print  Morse code
  for ($i = 0; $i<strlen($s); $i++)
      echo morseEncode($s[$i]);
  echo "\n";
}
 
// Driver code
$s = "geeksforgeeks";
morseCode($s);
 
// This code is contributed by mits
?>

Output: 
 

--...-.-.....-.---.-.--...-.-...

 

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