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Mongoose | findByIdAndRemove() Function

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The findByIdAndRemove() function is used to find a matching document, remove it, passing the found document (if any) to the callback.

Installation of mongoose module:

  1. You can visit the link to Install mongoose module. You can install this package by using this command.
    npm install mongoose
  2. After installing mongoose module, you can check your mongoose version in command prompt using the command.
    npm version mongoose
  3. After that, you can just create a folder and add a file for example index.js, To run this file you need to run the following command.
    node index.js

Filename: index.js

const mongoose = require('mongoose');
// Database connection
    useNewUrlParser: true,
    useCreateIndex: true,
    useUnifiedTopology: true,
    useFindAndModify: false
// User model
const User = mongoose.model('User', {
    name: { type: String },
    age: { type: Number }
// Find a document whose 
// user_id=5eb987e377d884411cac6b69 and remove it
var user_id = '5eb987e377d884411cac6b69';
User.findByIdAndRemove(user_id, function (err, docs) {
    if (err){
        console.log("Removed User : ", docs);

Steps to run the program:

  1. The project structure will look like this:
  2. Make sure you have installed mongoose module using following command:
    npm install mongoose
  3. Below is the sample data in the database before the function is executed, You can use any GUI tool or terminal to see the database, like we have used Robo3T GUI tool as shown below:
  4. Run index.js file using below command:
    node index.js

  5. After the function is executed, you can see in the database that the particular user is removed as shown below:
    new Database

So this is how you can use the mongoose findByIdAndRemove() which finds a matching document, removes it, passing the found document (if any) to the callback.

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Last Updated : 20 May, 2020
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