# Modify the string such that it contains all vowels at least once

• Last Updated : 12 Jul, 2021

Given a string S containing only Uppercase letters, the task is to find the minimum number of replacement of characters needed to get a string with all vowels and if we cannot make the required string then print Impossible.

Examples

```Input: str = "ABCDEFGHI"
Output: AOUDEFGHI
There are already 3 Vowels present in the string
A, E, I we just change B and C to O and U respectively.

Input: str = "ABC"
Output: IMPOSSIBLE```

Approach: Since there are only 5 vowels A, E, I, O, U. So, If the string length is less than 5 it is always impossible.
For a string of length greater than equal to 5, it is always possible. Just iterate over each character and replace it with the vowel that doesn’t exists in the string. If the current character is a vowel and if it is not visited earlier then we will not change the character to the vowel. If all the vowels are already present from early then no need to change any character.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++14

 `// C++14 implementation of the above approach``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `void` `addAllVowel(string str)``{``    ``// All vowels``    ``char` `x[] = {``'A'``, ``'E'``, ``'I'``, ``'O'``, ``'U'``};` `    ``// List to store distinct vowels``    ``vector<``char``> y;``    ``int` `length = str.length();` `    ``// if length of string is less than 5``    ``// then always Impossible``    ``if` `(length < 5)``        ``cout << ``"Impossible"` `<< endl;``    ``else``    ``{``        ``// Storing the distinct vowels in the string``        ``// by checking if it in the list of string and not``        ``// in the list of distinct vowels``        ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < length; i++)``        ``{``            ``if` `(find(x, x + 5, str[i]) != x + 5 and``                ``find(y.begin(), y.end(), str[i]) == y.end())``                ``y.push_back(str[i]);``        ``}` `        ``// Storing the vowels which are``        ``// not present in the string``        ``vector<``char``> z;``        ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < 5; i++)``            ``if` `(find(y.begin(),``                     ``y.end(), x[i]) == y.end())``                ``z.push_back(x[i]);` `        ``// No replacement needed condition``        ``if` `(z.empty())``            ``cout << str << endl;``        ``else``        ``{``            ``int` `cc = 0;``            ``vector<``char``> y;` `            ``// Replacing the characters to get all Vowels``            ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < length; i++)``            ``{``                ``if` `(find(x, x + 5, str[i]) != x + 5 and``                    ``find(y.begin(), y.end(),``                         ``str[i]) == y.end())``                    ``y.push_back(str[i]);``                ``else``                ``{``                    ``str[i] = z[cc];``                    ``cc++;``                ``}``                ``if` `(cc == z.size()) ``break``;``            ``}``            ``cout << str << endl;``        ``}``    ``}``}` `// Driver Code``int` `main(``int` `argc, ``char` `const` `*argv[])``{``    ``string str = ``"ABCDEFGHI"``;``    ``addAllVowel(str);``    ``return` `0;``}` `// This code is contributed by``// sanjeev2552`

## Java

 `// Java implementation of the above approach``import` `java.util.*;``class` `GFG``{``    ` `static` `boolean` `find(``char` `x[], ``char` `c)``{``    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < x.length; i++)``    ``if``(x[i] == c)``    ``return` `true``;``    ``return` `false``;``}` `static` `boolean` `find(Vector v,``char` `c)``{``    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < v.size(); i++)``    ``if``(v.get(i) == c)``    ``return` `true``;``    ``return` `false``;``}` `static` `void` `addAllVowel(String str)``{``    ``// All vowels``    ``char` `x[] = {``'A'``, ``'E'``, ``'I'``, ``'O'``, ``'U'``};` `    ``// List to store distinct vowels``    ``Vector y = ``new` `Vector<>();``    ``int` `length = str.length();` `    ``// if length of String is less than 5``    ``// then always Impossible``    ``if` `(length < ``5``)``        ``System.out.println(``"Impossible"``);``    ``else``    ``{``        ``// Storing the distinct vowels in the String``        ``// by checking if it in the list of String and not``        ``// in the list of distinct vowels``        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < length; i++)``        ``{``            ``if` `(find(x, str.charAt(i))&&``                ``!find(y, str.charAt(i)))``                ``y.add(str.charAt(i));``        ``}` `        ``// Storing the vowels which are``        ``// not present in the String``        ``Vector z = ``new` `Vector<>();``        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < ``5``; i++)``            ``if` `(!find(y, x[i]) )``                ``z.add(x[i]);` `        ``// No replacement needed condition``        ``if` `(z.size() == ``0``)``            ``System.out.println( str );``        ``else``        ``{``            ``int` `cc = ``0``;``            ``Vector y1 = ``new` `Vector<>();``            ``String ans = ``""``;``        ` `            ``// Replacing the characters to get all Vowels``            ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < length; i++)``            ``{``            ``if` `(find(x, str.charAt(i))&&``                ``!find(y1, str.charAt(i)))``                ``{``                    ``ans += str.charAt(i);``                    ``y1.add(str.charAt(i));``                ``}``                ``else``                ``{``                    ``ans += z.get(cc);``                    ``cc++;``                ``}``                ``if` `(cc == z.size())``                ``{``                    ``//copy th rest of the string``                    ``for``(``int` `j = i + ``1``; j < length; j++)``                    ``ans += str.charAt(j);``                    ``break``;``                ``}``            ``}``            ``System.out.println(ans);``        ``}``    ``}``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `main(String args[])``{``    ``String str = ``"ABCDEFGHI"``;``    ``addAllVowel(str);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Arnab Kundu`

## Python3

 `# Python3 implementation of the above approach` `s ``=` `"ABCDEFGHI"` `# converting String to a list``S ``=` `list``(s) ` ` ``# All vowels``x ``=` `[``"A"``, ``"E"``, ``"I"``, ``"O"``, ``"U"``]` ` ``# List to store distinct vowels``y ``=` `[]``le ``=` `len``(S)``if` `(le < ``5``):``    ``# if length of string is less than 5 then always``    ``# Impossible``    ``print``(``"Impossible"``)``else``:``    ``# Storing the distinct vowels in the string``    ``# by checking if it in the list of string and not``    ``# in the list of distinct vowels``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(le):``        ``if` `(S[i] ``in` `x ``and` `S[i] ``not` `in` `y):``            ``y.append(S[i])` `    ``# Storing the vowels which are not present in the string``    ``z ``=` `[]``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``5``):``        ``if` `(x[i] ``not` `in` `y):``            ``z.append(x[i])``    ``if` `(``len``(z) ``=``=` `0``):``        ``# No replacement needed condition``        ``print``(s)``    ``else``:``        ``cc ``=` `0``        ``y ``=` `[]` `        ``# Replacing the characters to get all Vowels``        ``for` `i ``in` `range``(le):``            ``if` `(S[i] ``in` `x ``and` `S[i] ``not` `in` `y):``                ``y.append(S[i])``            ``else``:``                ``S[i] ``=` `z[cc]``                ``cc ``+``=` `1``            ``if` `(cc ``=``=` `len``(z)):``                ``break``        ``print``(``*``S, sep ``=``"")`

## C#

 `// C# implementation of the above approach``using` `System;``using` `System.Collections;` `class` `GFG{``     ` `static` `bool` `find(``char` `[]x, ``char` `c)``{``    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < x.Length; i++)``        ``if`  `(x[i] == c)``            ``return` `true``;``            ` `    ``return` `false``;``}`` ` `static` `bool` `find(ArrayList v, ``char` `c)``{``    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < v.Count; i++)``        ``if` `((``char``)v[i] == c)``            ``return` `true``;``            ` `    ``return` `false``;``}`` ` `static` `void` `addAllVowel(``string` `str)``{``    ` `    ``// All vowels``    ``char` `[]x = { ``'A'``, ``'E'``, ``'I'``, ``'O'``, ``'U'` `};`` ` `    ``// List to store distinct vowels``    ``ArrayList y = ``new` `ArrayList();``    ` `    ``int` `length = str.Length;`` ` `    ``// If length of String is less than 5``    ``// then always Impossible``    ``if` `(length < 5)``        ``Console.Write(``"Impossible"``);``    ``else``    ``{``        ` `        ``// Storing the distinct vowels in``        ``// the String by checking if it in``        ``// the list of String and not``        ``// in the list of distinct vowels``        ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < length; i++)``        ``{``            ``if` `(find(x, str[i]) &&``               ``!find(y, str[i]))``                ``y.Add(str[i]);``        ``}`` ` `        ``// Storing the vowels which are``        ``// not present in the String``        ``ArrayList z = ``new` `ArrayList();``        ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < 5; i++)``            ``if` `(!find(y, x[i]) )``                ``z.Add(x[i]);`` ` `        ``// No replacement needed condition``        ``if` `(z.Count == 0)``            ``Console.Write(str);``        ``else``        ``{``            ``int` `cc = 0;``            ``ArrayList y1 = ``new` `ArrayList();``            ``string` `ans = ``""``;``         ` `            ``// Replacing the characters to``            ``// get all Vowels``            ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < length; i++)``            ``{``                ``if` `(find(x, str[i]) &&``                  ``!find(y1, str[i]))``                ``{``                    ``ans += str[i];``                    ``y1.Add(str[i]);``                ``}``                ``else``                ``{``                    ``ans += (``char``)z[cc];``                    ``cc++;``                ``}``                ` `                ``if` `(cc == z.Count)``                ``{``                    ` `                    ``// Copy th rest of the string``                    ``for``(``int` `j = i + 1;``                            ``j < length; j++)``                        ``ans += str[j];``                        ``break``;``                ``}``            ``}``            ``Console.Write(ans);``        ``}``    ``}``}`` ` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `Main(``string` `[]args)``{``    ``string` `str = ``"ABCDEFGHI"``;``    ` `    ``addAllVowel(str);``}``}` `// This code is contributed by rutvik_56`

## Javascript

 ``

Output:

`AOUDEFGHI`

Time Complexity: O(N), where N is the size of the string

Auxiliary Space: O(N)

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