ML | Linear Regression vs Logistic Regression
Linear Regression is a machine learning algorithm based on supervised regression algorithm. Regression models a target prediction value based on independent variables. It is mostly used for finding out the relationship between variables and forecasting. Different regression models differ based on – the kind of relationship between the dependent and independent variables, they are considering and the number of independent variables being used.
Logistic regression is basically a supervised classification algorithm. In a classification problem, the target variable(or output), y, can take only discrete values for a given set of features(or inputs), X.
|Linear Regression||Logistic Regression|
|Linear Regression is a supervised regression model.||Logistic Regression is a supervised classification model.|
|In Linear Regression, we predict the value by an integer number.||In Logistic Regression, we predict the value by 1 or 0.|
|Here no activation function is used.||Here activation function is used to convert a linear regression equation to the logistic regression equation|
|Here no threshold value is needed.||Here a threshold value is added.|
|Here we calculate Root Mean Square Error(RMSE) to predict the next weight value.||Here we use precision to predict the next weight value.|
|Here dependent variable should be numeric and the response variable is continuous to value.||Here the dependent variable consists of only two categories. Logistic regression estimates the odds outcome of the dependent variable given a set of quantitative or categorical independent variables.|
|It is based on the least square estimation.||It is based on maximum likelihood estimation.|
|Here when we plot the training datasets, a straight line can be drawn that touches maximum plots.||Any change in the coefficient leads to a change in both the direction and the steepness of the logistic function. It means positive slopes result in an S-shaped curve and negative slopes result in a Z-shaped curve.|
|Linear regression is used to estimate the dependent variable in case of a change in independent variables. For example, predict the price of houses.||Whereas logistic regression is used to calculate the probability of an event. For example, classify if tissue is benign or malignant.|
|Linear regression assumes the normal or gaussian distribution of the dependent variable.||Logistic regression assumes the binomial distribution of the dependent variable.|