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ML | Handle Missing Data with Simple Imputer

  • Difficulty Level : Basic
  • Last Updated : 18 May, 2020

SimpleImputer is a scikit-learn class which is helpful in handling the missing data in the predictive model dataset. It replaces the NaN values with a specified placeholder.
It is implemented by the use of the SimpleImputer() method which takes the following arguments :

missing_values : The missing_values placeholder which has to be imputed. By default is NaN
stategy : The data which will replace the NaN values from the dataset. The strategy argument can take the values – ‘mean'(default), ‘median’, ‘most_frequent’ and ‘constant’.
fill_value : The constant value to be given to the NaN data using the constant strategy.

Code: Python code illustrating the use of SimpleImputer class.




import numpy as np
  
# Importing the SimpleImputer class
from sklearn.impute import SimpleImputer
  
# Imputer object using the mean strategy and 
# missing_values type for imputation
imputer = SimpleImputer(missing_values = np.nan, 
                        strategy ='mean')
  
data = [[12, np.nan, 34], [10, 32, np.nan], 
        [np.nan, 11, 20]]
  
print("Original Data : \n", data)
# Fitting the data to the imputer object
imputer = imputer.fit(data)
  
# Imputing the data     
data = imputer.transform(data)
  
print("Imputed Data : \n", data)

Output

Original Data : 
[[12, nan, 34] [10, 32, nan] [nan, 11, 20]]
Imputed Data :
[[12, 21.5, 34] [10, 32, 27] [11, 11, 20]]

Remember: The mean or median is taken along the column of the matrix

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