Given a string containing characters as integers only. We need to delete all character of this string in a minimum number of steps where in one step we can delete the substring which is a palindrome. After deleting a substring remaining parts are concatenated.
Input : s = “2553432” Output : 2 We can delete all character of above string in 2 steps, first deleting the substring s[3, 5] “343” and then remaining string completely s[0, 3] “2552” Input : s = “1234” Output : 4 We can delete all character of above string in 4 steps only because each character need to be deleted separately. No substring of length 2 is a palindrome in above string.
We can solve this problem using Dynamic programming. Let dp[i][j] denotes the number of steps it takes to delete the substring s[i, j]. Each character will be deleted alone or as part of some substring so in the first case we will delete the character itself and call subproblem (i+1, j). In the second case we will iterate over all occurrence of the current character in right side, if K is the index of one such occurrence then the problem will reduce to two subproblems (i+1, K – 1) and (K+1, j). We can reach to this subproblem (i+1, K-1) because we can just delete the same character and call for mid substring. We need to take care of a case when first two characters are same in that case we can directly reduce to the subproblem (i+2, j)
So after above discussion of relation among subproblems, we can write dp relation as follows,
dp[i][j] = min(1 + dp[i+1][j], dp[i+1][K-1] + dp[K+1][j], where s[i] == s[K] 1 + dp[i+2][j] )
Total time complexity of above solution is O(n^3)
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