Given a string of ‘0’, ‘1’ and ‘2’. The task is to find the minimum number of replacements such that the adjacent characters are not equal.
Input: s = “201220211”
Resultant string after changes is 201210210
Input: s = “0120102”
Approach: The following problem can be solved using greedy method. We can greedily compare every adjacent pair. If the adjacent pairs which is character at ith and i-1th are same, then replace ith th character with a character which is not equal to the character at i-1th and i+1th index. In case of the last adjacent pair, just replace it with the character which is not equal to the character at i-1th index.
Below is the implementation of the above approach:
Time Complexity : O(n)
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