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Minimum replacements required to make sum of all K-length subarrays equal

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  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 13 Jun, 2022

Given an array arr[] consisting of N positive integers and an integer K, the task is to make the sum of all K-length subarrays equal by replacing minimum number of array elements with any integer.

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {3, 4, 3, 5, 6}, K = 2
Output: 2
Explanation: 
Operation 1: Replacing arr[3] by 4 modifies arr[] to {3, 4, 3, 4, 6}.
Operation 2: Replacing arr[4] by 3 modifies arr[] to {3, 4, 3, 4, 3}.
All subarrays of length 2 are {{3, 4}, {4, 3}, {3, 4}, {4, 3}}. Sum of all these subarrays is 7. Therefore, the minimum number of operations required is 2.

Input: arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 1, 2}, K = 3
Output: 0
Explanation: All subarrays of length 3 are {{1, 2, 3}, {2, 3, 1}, {3, 1, 2}}. Since all these subarrays have sum 6, the number of operations required is 0.

Approach: The idea is based on the observation that all subarrays will have equal sum, when all elements separated by distance K are equal.

Therefore, the problem can be solved by counting the frequency of elements separated by a distance K and find the number which appears maximum times. Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  • Initialize a variable ans to store the required result.
  • Iterate in the range [0, K-1] using the variable i
    • Create a map, freq to store the frequency of elements separated by a distance K starting from i.
    • Traverse the map and find the element which occurs the maximum number of times.
    • Again, traverse the map and if the element is not equal to the maximum occurring element then add its frequency to the ans.
  • Print the value of ans as the result.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find minimum number of
// operations required to make sum of
// all subarrays of size K equal
void findMinOperations(int arr[],
                       int N, int K)
{
    // Stores number of operations
    int operations = 0;
 
    // Iterate in the range [0, K-1]
    for (int i = 0; i < K; i++) {
 
        // Stores frequency of elements
        // separated by distance K
        unordered_map<int, int> freq;
 
        for (int j = i; j < N; j += K)
            freq[arr[j]]++;
 
        // Stores maximum frequency
        // and corresponding element
        int max1 = 0, num;
 
        // Find max frequency element
        // and its frequency
        for (auto x : freq) {
            if (x.second > max1) {
                max1 = x.second;
                num = x.first;
            }
        }
 
        // Update the number of operations
        for (auto x : freq) {
            if (x.first != num)
                operations += x.second;
        }
    }
 
    // Print the result
    cout << operations;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    // Given Input
    int arr[] = { 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
    int K = 2;
    int N = sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0]);
 
    // Function Call
    findMinOperations(arr, N, K);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.lang.*;
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG
{
   
  // Function to find minimum number of
  // operations required to make sum of
  // all subarrays of size K equal
  static void findMinOperations(int arr[],
                                int N, int K)
  {
 
    // Stores number of operations
    int operations = 0;
 
    // Iterate in the range [0, K-1]
    for (int i = 0; i < K; i++) {
 
      // Stores frequency of elements
      // separated by distance K
      Map<Integer, Integer> freq=new HashMap<>();
 
      for (int j = i; j < N; j += K)
        freq.put(arr[j], freq.getOrDefault(arr[j],0)+1);
 
      // Stores maximum frequency
      // and corresponding element
      int max1 = 0, num=-1;
 
      // Find max frequency element
      // and its frequency
      for (Map.Entry<Integer,Integer> x : freq.entrySet()) {
        if (x.getValue() > max1) {
          max1 = x.getValue();
          num = x.getKey();
        }
      }
 
      // Update the number of operations
      for ( Map.Entry<Integer,Integer> x : freq.entrySet()) {
        if (x.getKey() != num)
          operations += x.getValue();
      }
    }
 
    // Print the result
    System.out.print(operations);
  }
 
  // Driver code
  public static void main(String[] args)
  {
 
    // Given Input
    int arr[] = { 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
    int K = 2;
    int N = arr.length;
 
    // Function Call
    findMinOperations(arr, N, K);
  }
 
}
 
// This code is contributed by offbeat

Python3




# python 3 program for the above approach
 
# Function to find minimum number of
# operations required to make sum of
# all subarrays of size K equal
def findMinOperations(arr, N, K):
    # Stores number of operations
    operations = 0
 
    # Iterate in the range [0, K-1]
    for i in range(K):
        # Stores frequency of elements
        # separated by distance K
        freq = {}
 
        for j in range(i,N,K):
            if arr[j] in freq:
                freq[arr[j]] += 1
            else:
                freq[arr[j]] = 1
 
        # Stores maximum frequency
        # and corresponding element
        max1 = 0
        num = 0
 
        # Find max frequency element
        # and its frequency
        for key,value in freq.items():
            if (value > max1):
                max1 = value
                num = key
 
        # Update the number of operations
        for key,value in freq.items():
            if (key != num):
                operations += value
 
    # Print the result
    print(operations)
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
   
    # Given Input
    arr = [3, 4, 3, 5, 6]
    K = 2
    N = len(arr)
 
    # Function Call
    findMinOperations(arr, N, K)
     
    # This code is contributed by ipg2016107.

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
 
class GFG{
  
// Function to find minimum number of
// operations required to make sum of
// all subarrays of size K equal
static void findMinOperations(int []arr,
                              int N, int K)
{
     
    // Stores number of operations
    int operations = -1;
 
    // Iterate in the range [0, K-1]
    for(int i = 0; i < K; i++)
    {
         
        // Stores frequency of elements
        // separated by distance K
        Dictionary<int,
                   int> freq = new Dictionary<int,
                                              int>();
                                               
        for(int j = i; j < N; j += K)
        {
            if (freq.ContainsKey(arr[j]))
                freq[arr[j]]++;
            else
                freq.Add(arr[j], 1);
        }
 
        // Stores maximum frequency
        // and corresponding element
        int max1 = -1, num = 0;
 
        // Find max frequency element
        // and its frequency
        foreach(KeyValuePair<int, int> entry in freq)
        {
            if (entry.Key > max1)
            {
                max1 = entry.Value;
                num = entry.Key;
            }
        }
     
        // Update the number of operations
        foreach(KeyValuePair<int, int> entry in freq)
        {
            if (entry.Key != num)
                operations += entry.Value;
        }
    }
 
    // Print the result
    Console.Write(operations);
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void Main()
{
     
    // Given Input
    int []arr = { 3, 4, 3, 5, 6 };
    int K = 2;
    int N = arr.Length;
 
    // Function Call
    findMinOperations(arr, N, K);
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by SURENDRA_GANGWAR

Javascript




<script>
 
// JavaScript program for the above approach
 
// Function to find minimum number of
// operations required to make sum of
// all subarrays of size K equal
function findMinOperations(arr, N, K)
{
    // Stores number of operations
    var operations = 0;
     
    var i,j;
    // Iterate in the range [0, K-1]
    for (i = 0; i < K; i++) {
 
        // Stores frequency of elements
        // separated by distance K
        var freq = new Map();
 
        for(j = i; j < N; j += K){
            if(freq.has(arr[j]))
             freq.set(arr[j], freq.get(arr[j])+1);
            else
             freq.set(arr[j],1);
        }
 
        // Stores maximum frequency
        // and corresponding element
        var max1 = 0, num;
 
        // Find max frequency element
        // and its frequency
 
        for (const [key, value] of freq.entries()) {
          if (value > max1) {
                max1 = value;
                num = key;
            }
        }
 
        // Update the number of operations
       for (const [key, value] of freq.entries()) {
            if (key != num)
                operations += value;
        }
    }
 
    // Print the result
    document.write(operations);
}
 
// Driver Code
 
    // Given Input
    var arr = [3, 4, 3, 5, 6];
    var K = 2;
    var N = arr.length;
 
    // Function Call
    findMinOperations(arr, N, K);
 
</script>

Output: 

2

 

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

 


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