# Minimum number of elements to be removed so that pairwise consecutive elements are same

Given a string **str**. The task is to count the minimum number of elements to be removed so that pairwise consecutive elements are same**Examples**:

Input: str = “11344”Output: 1

Remove the digit 3 from 3rd place so that the string becomes 1144. Thus pairwise two consecutive elements are same. Hence answer is 1.Input: str = “55553”Output: 1

Remove the digit 3 from the 5th place so that the string becomes 5555. Thus pairwise two consecutive elements are same. Hence answer is 1.

**Approach:** Check if the current two consecutive elements are same or not. If yes then increment the index by 2 and keep checking till all the elements get traversed. Else increment the index by 1 and count by 1.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

`// C++ implementation of the above approach` `#include <bits/stdc++.h>` `using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to count the minimum number of elements` `// to remove from a number so that pairwise two` `// consecutive digits are same.` `int` `countConsecutive(string s)` `{` ` ` `// initialize counting variable` ` ` `int` `count = 0;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < s.size(); i++) {` ` ` `// check if two consecutive digits are same` ` ` `if` `(s[i] == s[i + 1])` ` ` `i++;` ` ` `else` ` ` `count++;` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `count;` `}` `// Driver code` `int` `main()` `{` ` ` `string str = ` `"44522255"` `;` ` ` `cout << countConsecutive(str);` ` ` `return` `0;` `}` |

## Java

`// Java implementation of the above approach` `class` `GFG {` `// Function to count the minimum number of elements` `// to remove from a number so that pairwise two` `// consecutive digits are same.` ` ` `static` `int` `countConsecutive(String s) {` ` ` `// initialize counting variable` ` ` `int` `count = ` `0` `;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = ` `0` `; i < s.length(); i++) {` ` ` `// check if two consecutive digits are same` ` ` `if` `(s.charAt(i) == s.charAt(i + ` `1` `)) {` ` ` `i++;` ` ` `} ` `else` `{` ` ` `count++;` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `count;` ` ` `}` `// Driver code` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `main(String args[]) {` ` ` `String str = ` `"44522255"` `;` ` ` `System.out.println(countConsecutive(str));` ` ` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by PrinciRaj19992` |

## Python3

`# Python 3 implementation of the above approach` `# Function to count the minimum number of` `# elements to remove from a number so that` `# pairwise two consecutive digits are same.` `def` `countConsecutive(s):` ` ` `# initialize counting variable` ` ` `count ` `=` `-` `1` ` ` `for` `i ` `in` `range` `(` `len` `(s)` `-` `1` `):` ` ` `# check if two consecutive` ` ` `# digits are same` ` ` `if` `(i <` `=` `len` `(s)):` ` ` `if` `(s[i] ` `is` `s[i ` `+` `1` `]):` ` ` `i ` `+` `=` `1` ` ` `else` `:` ` ` `count ` `+` `=` `1` ` ` `return` `count` `# Driver code` `if` `__name__ ` `=` `=` `'__main__'` `:` ` ` `str` `=` `"44522255"` ` ` `print` `(countConsecutive(` `str` `))` ` ` `# This code is contributed by PrinciRaj1992` |

## C#

`// C# implementation of above approach` `using` `System;` `public` `class` `GFG {` ` ` `// Function to count the minimum number of elements` ` ` `// to remove from a number so that pairwise two` ` ` `// consecutive digits are same.` ` ` `static` `int` `countConsecutive(String s) {` ` ` `// initialize counting variable` ` ` `int` `count = 0;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < s.Length; i++) {` ` ` `// check if two consecutive digits are same` ` ` `if` `(s[i] == s[i+1]) {` ` ` `i++;` ` ` `} ` `else` `{` ` ` `count++;` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `count;` ` ` `}` `// Driver code` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `Main() {` ` ` `String str = ` `"44522255"` `;` ` ` `Console.WriteLine(countConsecutive(str));` ` ` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar` |

## PHP

`<?php` `// PHP implementation of the above approach` `// Function to count the minimum number` `// of elements to remove from a number so` `// that pairwise two consecutive digits are same.` `function` `countConsecutive(` `$s` `)` `{` ` ` `// initialize counting variable` ` ` `$count` `= 0;` ` ` `for` `(` `$i` `= 0; ` `$i` `< ` `strlen` `(` `$s` `); ` `$i` `++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// check if two consecutive` ` ` `// digits are same` ` ` `if` `(` `$s` `[` `$i` `] == ` `$s` `[` `$i` `+ 1])` ` ` `$i` `++;` ` ` `else` ` ` `$count` `++;` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `$count` `;` `}` `// Driver code` `$str` `= ` `"44522255"` `;` `echo` `countConsecutive(` `$str` `);` `// This code is contributed by Sachin.` `?>` |

## Javascript

`<script>` `// Javascript implementation of the above approach` `// Function to count the minimum number of elements` `// to remove from a number so that pairwise two` `// consecutive digits are same.` `function` `countConsecutive(s)` `{` ` ` `// initialize counting variable` ` ` `let count = 0;` ` ` `for` `(let i = 0; i < s.length; i++) {` ` ` `// check if two consecutive digits are same` ` ` `if` `(s[i] == s[i + 1])` ` ` `i++;` ` ` `else` ` ` `count++;` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `count;` `}` `// Driver code` ` ` `let str = ` `"44522255"` `;` ` ` `document.write(countConsecutive(str));` `// This code is contributed by Surbhi Tyagi.` `</script>` |

**Output:**

2