Given a string str of lowercase characters, the task is to find the minimum number of characters that need to added to the string in order to make it balanced. A string is said to be balanced if and only if the number of occurrences of each of the characters is equal.
Input: str = “geeksforgeeks”
Add 2 ‘g’, 2 ‘k’, 2 ‘s’, 3 ‘f’, 3 ‘o’ and 3 ‘r’.
Input: str = “abcd”
The string is already balanced.
Approach: In order to minimize the additions required, every character’s frequency must be made equal to the frequency of the element occurring most frequently. So first, create a frequency array and find the frequency of all the characters of the given string. Now, the required answer will be the sum of the absolute differences of the frequency of every character with the maximum frequency from the frequency array.
Below is the implementation of the above approach:
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- Minimum operations required to make the string satisfy the given condition
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