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Minimum matches the team needs to win to qualify

  • Last Updated : 06 May, 2021

Given two integers X and Y where X denotes the number of points required to qualify and Y denotes the number of matches left. The team receives 2 points on winning the match and 1 point on losing. The task is to find the minimum number of matches the team needs to win in order to qualify for next round.
Examples: 
 

Input: X = 10, Y = 5 
Output:
The team needs to win all the matches in order to get 10 points.
Input : X = 6, Y = 5 
Output :
If the team wins a single match and loses the rest 4 matches, they would still qualify. 
 

 

A naive approach is to check by iterating over all values from 0 to Y and find out the first value which gives us X points. 
An efficient approach is to perform a binary search on the number of matches to be won to find out the minimum number of the match. Initially low = 0 and high = X, and then we check for the condition (mid * 2 + (y – mid)) ≥ x. If the condition prevails, then check if any lower value exists in the left half i.e. high = mid – 1 else check in the right half i.e. low = mid + 1
Below is the implementation of the above approach:
 

C++




// C++ implementation of the approach
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to return the minimum number of
// matches to win to qualify for next round
int findMinimum(int x, int y)
{
 
    // Do a binary search to find
    int low = 0, high = y;
    while (low <= high) {
 
        // Find mid element
        int mid = (low + high) >> 1;
 
        // Check for condition
        // to qualify for next round
        if ((mid * 2 + (y - mid)) >= x)
            high = mid - 1;
        else
            low = mid + 1;
    }
    return low;
}
 
// Driver Code
int main()
{
    int x = 6, y = 5;
    cout << findMinimum(x, y);
 
    return 0;
}

Java




// Java implementation of the approach
import java.io.*;
 
class GFG
{
     
// Function to return the minimum number of
// matches to win to qualify for next round
static int findMinimum(int x, int y)
{
 
    // Do a binary search to find
    int low = 0, high = y;
    while (low <= high)
    {
 
        // Find mid element
        int mid = (low + high) >> 1;
 
        // Check for condition
        // to qualify for next round
        if ((mid * 2 + (y - mid)) >= x)
            high = mid - 1;
        else
            low = mid + 1;
    }
    return low;
}
 
// Driver Code
public static void main (String[] args)
{
    int x = 6, y = 5;
    System.out.println(findMinimum(x, y));
}
}
 
// This code is contributed by ajit.

Python 3




# Python 3 implementation of the approach
 
# Function to return the minimum number of
# matches to win to qualify for next round
def findMinimum(x, y):
     
    # Do a binary search to find
    low = 0
    high = y
    while (low <= high):
         
        # Find mid element
        mid = (low + high) >> 1
 
        # Check for condition
        # to qualify for next round
        if ((mid * 2 + (y - mid)) >= x):
            high = mid - 1
        else:
            low = mid + 1
    return low
 
# Driver Code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    x = 6
    y = 5
    print(findMinimum(x, y))
     
# This code is contributed by
# Surendra_Gangwar

C#




// C# implementation of the approach
using System;
 
class GFG
{
         
// Function to return the minimum number of
// matches to win to qualify for next round
static int findMinimum(int x, int y)
{
 
    // Do a binary search to find
    int low = 0, high = y;
    while (low <= high)
    {
 
        // Find mid element
        int mid = (low + high) >> 1;
 
        // Check for condition
        // to qualify for next round
        if ((mid * 2 + (y - mid)) >= x)
            high = mid - 1;
        else
            low = mid + 1;
    }
    return low;
}
 
// Driver code
static public void Main()
{
    int x = 6, y = 5;
    Console.WriteLine(findMinimum(x, y));
}
}
 
// This Code is contributed by ajit.

PHP




<?php
// PHP implementation of the approach
 
// Function to return the minimum number of
// matches to win to qualify for next round
function findMinimum($x, $y)
{
 
    // Do a binary search to find
    $low = 0; $high = $y;
    while ($low <= $high)
    {
 
        // Find mid element
        $mid = ($low + $high) >> 1;
 
        // Check for condition$
        // to qualify for next round
        if (($mid * 2 + ($y - $mid)) >= $x)
            $high = $mid - 1;
        else
            $low = $mid + 1;
    }
    return $low;
}
 
// Driver Code
$x = 6; $y = 5;
echo findMinimum($x, $y);
 
// This code has been contributed
// by 29AjayKumar
?>

Javascript




<script>
    // Javascript implementation of the approach
     
    // Function to return the minimum number of
    // matches to win to qualify for next round
    function findMinimum(x, y)
    {
 
        // Do a binary search to find
        let low = 0, high = y;
        while (low <= high) {
 
            // Find mid element
            let mid = (low + high) >> 1;
 
            // Check for condition
            // to qualify for next round
            if ((mid * 2 + (y - mid)) >= x)
                high = mid - 1;
            else
                low = mid + 1;
        }
        return low;
    }
     
    let x = 6, y = 5;
    document.write(findMinimum(x, y));
 
</script>
Output: 
1

 

Time Complexity: O(log y)
 




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