Given a tree of N nodes, the task is to convert the given tree to its Sum Tree(including its own weight) and find the minimum difference between any two node’s weight of the sum tree.
Note: The N nodes of the given tree are given in the form of top to bottom with N-1 line where each line describes two nodes which are connected.
total weight of node 1: 3 (own weight) + (10 + 6 + 5 + 8 + 2 + 7 + 11) (sub-tree node’s weight) = 52
total weight of node 2: 5 (own weight) + (2 + 7 + 11) (sub-tree node’s weight) = 25
total weight of node 3: 8 (own weight) + (0) (sub-tree node’s weight) = 8
total weight of node 4: 10 (own weight) + (0) (sub-tree node’s weight) = 10
total weight of node 5: 2 (own weight) + (0) (sub-tree node’s weight) = 2
total weight of node 6: 6 (own weight) + (5 + 8 + 2 + 7 + 11) (sub-tree node’s weight) = 39
total weight of node 7: 7 (own weight) + (0) (sub-tree node’s weight) = 7
total weight of node 8: 11 (own weight) + (0) (sub-tree node’s weight) = 11
By observing the total weight of each node, Node 4 and 8 have a minimum difference(11-10) = 1
- We will traverse the given tree from below and store the weight of that node plus its sub-tree node’s weight in one array and mark index of each node as visited. So in between if we revisit that node then we don’t have to count the weight of that node again.
- We will sort the array where we have stored the total weight of each node.
- Now find the pairwise difference in the sorted array and whichever pair gave minimum difference print that minimum difference at last.
Below is the implementation of the above approach:
Time Complexity: O(N * Log(N)), where N is total nodes in rooted tree.
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- Find the root of the sub-tree whose weighted sum is minimum
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- Count the nodes of a tree whose weighted string is an anagram of the given string
- Count the nodes of the tree which make a pangram when concatenated with the sub-tree nodes
- Minimum no. of iterations to pass information to all nodes in the tree
- Minimum time required to visit all the special nodes of a Tree
- Query to find the maximum and minimum weight between two nodes in the given tree using LCA.
- Generate Complete Binary Tree in such a way that sum of non-leaf nodes is minimum
- Construct XOR tree by Given leaf nodes of Perfect Binary Tree
- Minimum and maximum node that lies in the path connecting two nodes in a Binary Tree
- Minimum cost to connect weighted nodes represented as array
- Minimum Cost of Simple Path between two nodes in a Directed and Weighted Graph
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