# Minimize operations of removing 2i -1 array elements to empty given array

• Last Updated : 21 Apr, 2021

Given an array arr[] of size N, the task is to empty given array by removing 2i – 1 array elements in each operation (i is any positive integer). Find the minimum number of operations required.

Examples:

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Input: arr[] = { 2, 3, 4 }
Output:
Explanation:
Removing (22 – 1) elements i.e { arr, arr, arr } modifies arr[] to { }
Since no elements left in the array therefore, the required output is 1.

Input: arr[] = { 1, 2, 3, 4 }
Output:
Explanation:
Removing (21 – 1) element i.e, { arr } modifies arr[] to { 2, 3, 4 }
Removing (22 – 1) elements i.e, { arr, arr, arr } modifies arr[] to { }
Since no elements left in the array therefore, the required output is 2.

Approach: The problem can be solved using Greedy technique. The idea is to always remove the maximum possible count(2i – 1) of elements from the array. Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

• Initialize a variable, say cntSteps, to store the minimum count of operations required to empty given array.
• Removing N array elements modifies arr[] to 0 length array. Therefore, increment the value of N by 1.
• Traverse each bit of N using variable i and for every ith bit, check if the bit is set or not. If found to be true, then update cntSteps += 1
• Finally, print the value of cntSteps.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ program to implement``// the above approach` `#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to find minimum count of steps``// required to remove all the array elements``int` `minimumStepReqArr(``int` `arr[], ``int` `N)``{` `    ``// Stores minimum count of steps required``    ``// to remove all the array elements``    ``int` `cntStep = 0;` `    ``// Update N``    ``N += 1;` `    ``// Traverse each bit of N``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 31; i >= 0; i--) {` `        ``// If current bit is set``        ``if` `(N & (1 << i)) {` `            ``// Update cntStep``            ``cntStep += 1;``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``return` `cntStep;``}` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``    ``int` `arr[] = { 1, 2, 3 };` `    ``int` `N = ``sizeof``(arr) / ``sizeof``(arr);``    ``cout << minimumStepReqArr(arr, N);` `    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java program to implement``// the above approach``import` `java.util.*;``class` `GFG``{` `  ``// Function to find minimum count of steps``  ``// required to remove all the array elements``  ``static` `int` `minimumStepReqArr(``int``[] arr, ``int` `N)``  ``{` `    ``// Stores minimum count of steps required``    ``// to remove all the array elements``    ``int` `cntStep = ``0``;` `    ``// Update N``    ``N += ``1``;` `    ``// Traverse each bit of N``    ``for` `(``int` `i = ``31``; i >= ``0``; i--)``    ``{` `      ``// If current bit is set``      ``if` `((N & (``1` `<< i)) != ``0``)``      ``{` `        ``// Update cntStep``        ``cntStep += ``1``;``      ``}``    ``}      ``    ``return` `cntStep;``  ``}` `  ``// Driver code``  ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``  ``{``    ``int``[] arr = { ``1``, ``2``, ``3` `};` `    ``int` `N = arr.length;``    ``System.out.println(minimumStepReqArr(arr, N));``  ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by susmitakundugoaldanga`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to implement``# the above approach` `# Function to find minimum count of steps``# required to remove all the array elements``def` `minimumStepReqArr(arr, N):``    ` `    ``# Stores minimum count of steps required``    ``# to remove all the array elements``    ``cntStep ``=` `0` `    ``# Update N``    ``N ``+``=` `1` `    ``i ``=` `31` `    ``while``(i >``=` `0``):``        ` `        ``# If current bit is set``        ``if` `(N & (``1` `<< i)):` `            ``# Update cntStep``            ``cntStep ``+``=` `1``            ` `        ``i ``-``=` `1` `    ``return` `cntStep` `# Driver Code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `'__main__'``:``    ` `    ``arr ``=` `[ ``1``, ``2``, ``3` `]``    ``N ``=` `len``(arr)``    ` `    ``print``(minimumStepReqArr(arr, N))` `# This code is contributed by SURENDRA_GANGWAR`

## C#

 `// C# program to implement``// the above approach``using` `System;``class` `GFG``{` `  ``// Function to find minimum count of steps``  ``// required to remove all the array elements``  ``static` `int` `minimumStepReqArr(``int``[] arr, ``int` `N)``  ``{` `    ``// Stores minimum count of steps required``    ``// to remove all the array elements``    ``int` `cntStep = 0;` `    ``// Update N``    ``N += 1;` `    ``// Traverse each bit of N``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 31; i >= 0; i--)``    ``{` `      ``// If current bit is set``      ``if` `((N & (1 << i)) != 0)``      ``{` `        ``// Update cntStep``        ``cntStep += 1;``      ``}``    ``}      ``    ``return` `cntStep;``  ``}` `  ``// Driver code``  ``static` `void` `Main()``  ``{``    ``int``[] arr = { 1, 2, 3 };` `    ``int` `N = arr.Length;``    ``Console.WriteLine(minimumStepReqArr(arr, N));``  ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by divyesh072019`

## Javascript

 ``
Output:
`1`

Time Complexity: O(31)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

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