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Meristematic Tissues – Definition, Features, Types, Role

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Plants show endless development. In any case, for what reason does a plant show endless development? Meristematic tissue is available from the plant shoots’ and roots. The plant body comprises different sorts of tissues that can be extensively arranged into two principal types, i.e., meristematic tissues and extremely durable tissues.
Meristematic tissue is the root of all plant development. It generates new cells, and these new cells, when separated, develop into different types of tissues. In this essay, we will provide concrete information on meristematic tissues, including their order, characteristics, and other related topics. Keep perusing to find out more!

Meristematic Tissues

The word meristem comes from ancient Greek and refers to any group of parts that are undeveloped or unspecialized. Meristematic tissue is composed of cells that can divide and grow. Such tissue is situated at the tips of stems.

Features of meristematic tissues

  • They’re living and contain an undifferentiated mass of speedy partitioning cells.
  • The tissue is composed of cells exhibiting totipotent
  • The state of cells is circular, polygonal or rectangular.
  • The cells remain ceaselessly early stage (youthful) and absolutely unspecialized.
  • Core (or)nucleus is large and present in both interphase and division subphases.
  • Cellular divider is flimsy and produced from a homogeneous substance referred to as cellulose.
  • The cells contain plentiful cellular material and an unmistakable core.
  • Vacuoles are for the most part missing or on the other hand assuming that current they are tiny.
  • Aside from mitochondria, other cell organelles are missing or present in non-practical state.
  • Try not to store held food materials or ergastic substances are missing.
  • The tissue happens in the developing areas of the plant body and adds to establish development.
  • The cells don’t have intercellular spaces.

Meristematic Tissue Classification

Meristematic tissue is characterized based on its situation in the plant beginning (or)origin, position and functions (or) capacities.

Order Based on Origin – The meristematic tissue is arranged based on beginning (or)origin as follows:


  • These meristems are in any other case referred to as early level meristems or Precambrian Meristems.
  • These are the meristematic cells that form from the undeveloped organism’s earliest and most youthful cells.
  • They are tracked down in exceptionally youthful plants and are not many in numbers and undifferentiated.

Primary Meristems

  • These meristems are gotten from the promeristems.
  • They partition quickly and separate into essential, extremely durable tissues, which make the central construction of the plant body.
  • They are essentially tracked down in the developing apical districts of the root and shoot.

 Secondary Meristems

  • These meristems show up in the later progressive phase in the plant body.
  • They are fitted horizontally in both the stem and the root.
  • A few essential, extremely durable tissues gain the force of division and become meristematic.
  • These tissues can get separated to shape auxiliary meristems according to the need of the plant.
  • A few instances of optional meristems are plug cambium and intervascular cambium, which permit auxiliary development in tissues.

Organization based on location (or)Position- Meristematic tissue is subdivided into the three types listed below based on their location(or)position in the plant body.

Meristem Tissue


Apical Meristems

  • These meristems are located at the root and shoot apex and form an essential cell group. 
  • During the development of leaves and stretching of the stem, a few cells are abandoned from the shoot apical meristem that frames the axillary bud.
  • There are  many unequivocal sections of the apical meristem that produce dermal substances, ground material and vascular stuff.

Intercalary Meristems

  • This meristem is available between the experienced tissues.
  • They are available at the foundation of internodes or at the foundation of leaves. It is liable for the internodal extension of the stem.
  • They are available in grasses and recover their parts, which are eliminated by the nibbling herbivores.

Lateral Meristems

  • The experienced areas of roots and shoots of many plants that generate the woody hub are where these meristems can be found. 
  • They show up later than essential meristems, so they are additionally called optional meristems.
  • They are round and hollow meristems and are available on the horizontal sides of the stem. 
  • They are answerable for auxiliary development in plants.
  • Fascicular vascular cambium, intervascular cambium and stopper (or)cork cambium, are varieties of parallel meristems

Order Based on Functions-The meristematic tissue is ordered into the accompanying three sorts based on their capacities

Protoderm- It shapes the furthest part of the essential meristem, found at the zenith of the stem and root. It forms into the epidermis.

Procambiu- It forms into essential vascular tissues. Furthermore, it frames the segregated strands of extended cells close to the focal locale.

Ground Meristem- This type of meristem develops into the ground tissue. The cells have thin walls, are alive, and are isodiametric. In the later phases of development, they become separated into hypodermis, cortex, endodermis, pericycle, medullary beams and substance.

Roles of Meristematic tissue

  • They are the tissues of a plant that partition efficiently and rapidly, resulting in their infinite development.
  • Essential meristems are answerable for the essential development (stretching) of the plant.
  • Meristematic tissue cells undergo separation in order to form super-durable tissues.
  • Optional meristems are likewise answerable for the auxiliary development (thickness and bigness) of the plant.
  • They help in the arrangement and advancement of new organs.
  • They are answerable for the advancement of auxiliary tissues like wood, stopper(or)cork  and so on.
  • Buds are shaped from meristematic tissues that can additionally form into branches or blossoms.
  • They help in fixing the tissues which are harmed.


Meristematic tissues are those tissues that are undifferentiated and partition effectively and quickly over the entire lifetime of the plant. The meristematic cells can be known as the primary cells of the plant, which are fundamentally found at the tips and horizontal sides of plants. They can be comprehensively grouped into essential and auxiliary meristems, relying upon the sort of development did via these tissues. They go through separation to shape long-lasting tissues and are likewise associated with tissue fix, aside from development and improvement.

Conceptual Questions

Question 1: What are the 3 sorts of meristems in light of position?


The three kinds of meristems in view of position are apical meristems, intercalary meristems, and parallel meristems.

Question 2: Where is meristematic tissue tracked down in plants?


Meristematic tissue is found at the root and shoot tips, as well as on the parallel sides of the plant.

Question 3: What is meristematic tissue and its responsibilities?


A meristematic tissue is characterized as an undifferentiated mass of cells that are totipotent  and goes through consistent cell division. They are principally liable for endless development and tissue fix in a plant body. The cells of these tissues support the force of cell division.

Question 4: Is meristematic tissue limited or super durable?


Meristematic tissues are not long-lasting tissues. They are the effectively partitioning cells that are available in specific explicit districts of the plant, i.e., they are confined.

Question 5: For what reason is meristematic tissue significant in plants?


They are the effectively and quickly separating tissues of the plant, bringing about their endless development. Essential meristems are answerable for the essential development (prolongation) of the plant. The cells of the meristematic tissues go through separation to shape extremely durable tissues. Optional meristems are additionally liable for the auxiliary development (thickness and size) of the plant.

Question 6: Who found Meristematic Tissue?


The term meristem was instituted via Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli.

Question 7: Characterize Meristematic Tissue?


A form of plant tissue known as meristematic tissue is distinguished by its capacity to effectively split itself at any point in time all throughout lifetime.

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Last Updated : 23 Jun, 2022
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