Skip to content
Related Articles

Related Articles

Merge Sort Visualization in JavaScript
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 03 Mar, 2021

GUI(Graphical User Interface) helps users with better understanding programs. In this article, we will visualize Merge Sort using JavaScript. We will see how the arrays are divided and merged after sorting to get the final sorted array. 

Refer:

 Approach:

  • First, we will generate a random array using the Math. random() function.
  • Properties of the canvas are used to make rectangle bars and animations.
  • Different colors are used to indicate which arrays are divided and merged.
  • The sorting is performed using the JavaScript mergeSort() function.
  • The algorithm performs the operation very fast, the timeout() function has been used to slow down the process.

Unsorted list:



Sorted list:

index.html: Below is the program to visualize the Merge Sort algorithm.

HTML




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, 
    initial-scale=1.0">    
</head>
  
<body>
    <h1 class="title" style = "color: green; font:lighter; ">
        Merge Sort Visualizer using JS</h1>
  
    <h2 class="title1" style = "background: green; 
    color: white;  font: italic;">Array is not sorted 
    </h2>
    
    <canvas id="Canvas"></canvas>
      
    <script src="mergeSort.js"></script>
</body>
  
</html>

mergeSort.js: The following is the content for the “mergeSort.js” file used in the above HTML code.

Javascript




// Canvas variables
var canvas, canvaswidth, canvasheight, ctrl;
  
// Call canvasElements() to store height width
// in above canvas variables
canvasElements();
  
// 3 array are declared
  
//1) arr is for storing array element 
//2) itmd for storing intermediate values
//3) visited is for element which has been sorted
var arr = [], itmd = [], visited = []
  
  
// Length of unsorted array
var len_of_arr = 40;
  
// Store random value in arr[]
for (var i = 0; i < len_of_arr; i++) {
    arr.push(Math.round(Math.random() * 250) )
}
  
// Initialize itmd and visited array with 0
for (var i = 0; i < len_of_arr; i++) {
    itmd.push(0)
    visited.push(0)
}
  
// Merging of two sub array
function mergeArray(start, end) {
    let mid = parseInt((start + end) >> 1);
    let start1 = start, start2 = mid + 1
    let end1 = mid, end2 = end
      
    // Initial index of merged subarray
    let index = start
  
    while (start1 <= end1 && start2 <= end2) {
        if (arr[start1] <= arr[start2]) {
            itmd[index] = arr[start1]
            index = index + 1
            start1 = start1 + 1;
        }
        else if(arr[start1] > arr[start2]) {
            itmd[index] = arr[start2]
            index = index + 1
            start2 = start2 + 1;
        }
    }
  
    // Copy the remaining elements of
    // arr[], if there are any
    while (start1 <= end1) {
        itmd[index] = arr[start1]
        index = index + 1
        start1 = start1 + 1;
    }
  
    while (start2 <= end2) {
        itmd[index] = arr[start2]
        index = index + 1
        start2 = start2 + 1;
    }
  
    index = start
    while (index <= end) {
        arr[index] = itmd[index];
        index++;
    }
}
  
// Function for showing visualization 
// effect
function drawBars(start, end) {
  
    // Clear pervious unsorted bars
    ctrl.clearRect(0, 0, 1000, 1500)
  
    // Styling of bars
    for (let i = 0; i < len_of_arr; i++) {
  
        // Changing styles of bars
        ctrl.fillStyle = "black"
        ctrl.shadowOffsetX = 2
        ctrl.shadowColor = "chocolate";
        ctrl.shadowBlur = 3;
        ctrl.shadowOffsetY =5;
         
          
        // Size of rectangle of bars
        ctrl.fillRect(25 * i, 300 - arr[i], 20, arr[i])
          
        if (visited[i]) {
            ctrl.fillStyle = "#006d13"
            ctrl.fillRect(25 * i, 300 - arr[i], 20, arr[i])
            ctrl.shadowOffsetX = 2
        }
    }
  
    for (let i = start; i <= end; i++) {
        ctrl.fillStyle = "orange"
        ctrl.fillRect(25 * i, 300 - arr[i], 18, arr[i])
        ctrl.fillStyle = "#cdff6c"
        ctrl.fillRect(25 * i,300, 18, arr[i])
        visited[i] = 1
    }
}
  
// Waiting interval between two bars
function timeout(ms) {
    return new Promise(resolve => setTimeout(resolve, ms));
}
  
  
// Merge Sorting
const mergeSort = async (start, end) => {
    if (start < end) {
        let mid = parseInt((start + end) >> 1)
        await mergeSort(start, mid)
        await mergeSort(mid + 1, end)
        await mergeArray(start, end)
        await drawBars(start, end)
  
        // Waiting time is 800ms
        await timeout(800)
    }
}
  
// canvasElements function for storing
// width and height in canvas variable
function canvasElements() {
    canvas = document.getElementById("Canvas")
    canvas.width = canvas.height = 1000
    canvaswidth = canvas.width
    canvasheight = canvas.height
    ctrl = canvas.getContext("2d")
}
  
// Asynchronous MergeSort function 
const performer = async () => {
    await mergeSort(0, len_of_arr - 1)
    await drawBars()
  
    // Code for change title1 text 
    const title1_changer = document.querySelector(".title1")
    title1_changer.innerText = "Array is completely sorted"
}
performer()

Output:

full-stack-img

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up
Recommended Articles
Page :