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Media and Democracy

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  • Last Updated : 16 Jun, 2022
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Over time, the Indian democratic system witnessed significant changes. India has had democracy for decades. The term democracy originated from Ancient Greek intellectual and political philosophy existing in the city-state of Athens in classical antiquity, according to the history of democracy in general. The phrase frescoes are derived from the Greek terms demos, which means common people, and Kratos, which means power. It was established in the years 508-507 BC. Athenians developed democracy, which was then governed by Cleisthenes. Cleisthenes is also known as the “Father of Democracy” in Athens.

In India, democracy strives to provide each citizen with an equal right to certain features. The most important feature of a democracy is that every person in a community should be considered equal. This equality is manifested in the form of individual votes, which are necessary for democracy to function. Denying people or groups of individuals the right to vote is not a democratic practice. Democracy is essentially a type of government in which every vote counts equally. The government of the United States, for example, is republican. This is a form of democracy in which elected officials represent the wishes of the people.

In 1947, India became a democratic country for the first time after independence. Following this, every Indian person was given the simple right to elect and vote for their leaders. Every person in India has the right to vote, regardless of race, caste, religion, creed, or gender. There are five democratic principles in it. Socialist, secular, sovereign, democratic, and even republic are examples of these. As a result, democracy in India entails granting every individual the right to vote in the country’s governance. These officials are then in charge of ensuring that the country runs smoothly and that its citizens have certain rights.

Features of Democracy

  1. China holds elections every five years to elect the National People’s Congress, the country’s parliament. Before standing for office, a candidate must first get the permission of the Chinese Communist Party. Governments are always formed by the Communist Party. Since the country’s independence in 1930, Mexico has had presidential elections every six years. Until 2000, the PRI party, on the other hand, had won every election. Free and fair elections, in which those in power have a genuine risk of losing, are essential to democracy.
  2. Democracy is founded on the fundamental premise of political equality. However, there are a number of cases where equal voting rights are denied. Estonia’s citizenship requirements were structured in such a way that members of the Russian minority struggled to get voting rights. The voting system in Fiji is designed so that a vote cast by an indigenous Fijian carries more weight than a vote cast by an Indian. This exemplifies the democratic idea that each adult must have one vote, with each vote having equal weight.

Media and Democracy

Because it maintains an eye on government operations and enhances public awareness, the media is known as the democracy watchdog. In a democracy, the media plays a critical role in disseminating information and debating issues. On TV and radio, the government’s programmes, policies, new legislation, implementation status, and other problems are debited on a regular basis. Other activities, including as sports, social protests, and political debates, are also featured on daily television programmes. As a result, media can also be used to disseminate information.

People generate opinions based on the information they receive from various sources of media, therefore having independent media is critical. As a result, it is critical that this data be accurate and free of prejudice. Otherwise, a false picture will be created in people’s minds, which might be very destructive to both the people and the country.

The fourth pillar of democracy might be seen as the media. In our day and age, the media is considered a daily requirement because the day begins and finishes with it, whether it be social media, print media, or electronic media. Free, impartial, and competent media is an essential component of any democratic society. On the one hand, it gives the organisation the information it needs to make responsible, well-informed decisions. On the other hand, it has a reporting function to guarantee that elected officials keep their promises of office and campaign oaths, as well as that they fulfil the aspirations of the voters.

  1. People rely on their decisions on political information provided by the media. They identify issues in our culture and serve as a discussion platform. When journalists are well-educated and have access to credible information sources, they can investigate misbehaviour by public officials. To siphon and profit directly from public cash or other public resources, it is necessary to commit fraud or engage in corruption.
  2. They provide a forum for discussion and help to identify issues in our culture. They also act as watchdogs for people in positions of authority, alerting them to mistakes and wrongdoings. The media plays an important role in fostering a democratic culture that transcends the political system and becomes ingrained in public awareness over time. The role of the media in a democracy is as important as that of politicians, and it should never be underestimated.
  3. There is no doubt that the media has done an excellent job of educating people about the harsh facts of life, exposing corruption in our society, raising public awareness, and much more, but I believe that much more has to be done. The media should inform the people about the implications of various government actions.
  4. The media serves as a catalyst for democracy and growth, contributing to meaningful public participation. If the media is honest and dedicated to their work, democracy will run more effectively, and any shortcomings in any political framework will certainly be related to the people’s entire satisfaction.

Other minor roles that it plays are

  1. The government’s controversial policies and programmes are being criticised.
  2. Acknowledging and, to some extent, influencing public opinion by highlighting and, to some extent, influencing public opinion.
  3. Disseminating information to the general public.

Sample Questions

Question 1: What is democracy?

Answer:

One person, one vote is the most basic implication of democracy. This means that everyone in the country, regardless of gender, caste, income, or other factors, has the right to vote for the elected person of their choice.

Question 2: What is media?

Answer:

The plural form of the word “medium” is “media,” and it refers to the different methods in which we communicate in society.

Question 3: Name various forms of media.

Answer:

Phones, television, radio, newspapers, magazines, journals, the internet, and other types of media are examples of media. Some of them have the potential to reach millions of individuals beyond the borders.

Question 4: How is the changing technology useful for media?

Answer:

Changing technology or machinery modernises technology and allows media to reach a wider audience. It also enhances the quality of the audio and visual images.

Question 5: Which are issues focused on by the media?

Answer:

The media focuses on stories that are popular with the general public. As a result, such tales are told in order to make this a more intriguing form. TV serials are a good example of this sort of presentation. Business-related activities are the focus of the media. As a result, social issues are frequently overlooked.

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