Related Articles

# Maximum sum of even indexed elements obtained by right shift on an even sized subarray

• Last Updated : 27 May, 2021

Given an array arr[], we need to find the maximum sum of the even indexed elements that can be obtained by performing right shift operation on any sub-array of even length by 1.
Examples:

Input: arr[] = {5, 1, 3, 4, 5, 6}
Output: 15
Explanation:
We can perform a right shift on index 2 to 5 then resulting array is:
arr[] = {5, 1, 6, 3, 4, 5}
Sum of elements at even indexes = 5 + 6 + 4 = 15
Input: arr[] = {7, 9, 1, 8, 3, 10, 4, 12}
Output: 39
Explanation:
We can perform a right shift on index 0 to 7 then resulting array is:
arr[] = {12, 7, 9, 1, 8, 3, 10, 4}
Sum of elements at even indexes = 12 + 9 + 8 + 10 = 39

Attention reader! Don’t stop learning now. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready.  To complete your preparation from learning a language to DS Algo and many more,  please refer Complete Interview Preparation Course.

In case you wish to attend live classes with experts, please refer DSA Live Classes for Working Professionals and Competitive Programming Live for Students.

Naive Approach: The naive approach is to right shift every possible subarray of even length by one and find the sum of elements at even index for all the array formed after every possible subarray shifts. The maximum sum in all the array is the required result.
Time Complexity: O(N2
Auxiliary Space: O(1)
Efficient Approach: To optimized the naive above approach we can observe that after performing the right shift on any even subarray by 1 the odd index value gets replaced by even index value and vice-versa. If we find the sum of element at even indexes(say sum) before shifting, then after shifting the sum gets changed by the sum of the consecutive difference between elements at even and odd index.
For Example:

arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 4}
Sum element at even index in the above array = 1 + 3 = 4
Right shift array by 1, we have
arr1[] = {4, 1, 2, 3}
Sum element at even index in the above array = 4 + 2 = 6
therefore the sum get differ by 2 in the above two array which is equals the sum of consecutive difference in arr[] as ( (2 – 1) + (4 – 3) = 2.

We will use the above concepts to solve this problem. Below are the steps:

1. Create two arrays(say arr1[] and arr2[]) such that arr1[] will store the consecutive difference of the element in the array arr[] as:

`{(a – a), (a – a), . . ., (a[n]-a[n-1])}`
1. And arr2[] will store the consecutive difference of the element in the array arr[] as:

`{(a – a), (a – a), . . ., (a[n-1]-a[n])}`
1.
2. Then find the maximum subarray sum using Kadane’s Algorithm in the above two array formed.
3. Now the maximum sum is the sum of element at even indexes in the original array(arr[]) + maximum subarray sum of the two arrays arr1[] and arr2[].

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ program for the above approach``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// Kadane's Algorithm to find``// the maximum sum sub array``int` `kadane(vector<``int``> v)``{``    ``int` `maxSoFar = 0;``    ``int` `maxEndingHere = 0;` `    ``// Iterate array v``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < v.size(); i++) {` `        ``maxEndingHere += v[i];` `        ``// Update the maximum``        ``maxSoFar = max(maxEndingHere,``                    ``maxSoFar);` `        ``// Update maxEndingHere to 0 if it``        ``// is less than 0``        ``maxEndingHere``            ``= max(maxEndingHere, 0);``    ``}` `    ``// Return maximum sum``    ``return` `maxSoFar;``}` `// Function to find the sum``// of even indexed elements``// after modification in array.``int` `sumOfElements(``int``* arr, ``int` `n)``{``    ``int` `sum = 0;` `    ``// Find initial sum of``    ``// even indexed elements``    ``for` `(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) {``        ``if` `(i % 2 == 0)``            ``sum += arr[i];``    ``}` `    ``// Create two vectors to store``    ``// the consecutive differences``    ``// of elements``    ``vector<``int``> v1;``    ``vector<``int``> v2;` `    ``for` `(``int` `i = 1; i < n; i += 2) {` `        ``v1.push_back(arr[i]``                    ``- arr[i - 1]);` `        ``if` `(i + 1 < n) {``            ``v2.push_back(arr[i]``                        ``- arr[i + 1]);``        ``}``    ``}` `    ``// Find the maximum sum subarray``    ``int` `option1 = kadane(v1);``    ``int` `option2 = kadane(v2);` `    ``// Add the maximum value``    ``// to initial sum``    ``int` `ans = sum + max(option1,``                        ``option2);` `    ``// Return the answer``    ``return` `ans;``}` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``    ``// Given array arr[]``    ``int` `arr[] = { 5, 1, 3, 4, 5, 6 };` `    ``int` `N = ``sizeof``(arr) / ``sizeof``(arr);` `    ``// Function Call``    ``cout << sumOfElements(arr, N);``    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java program for the above approach``import` `java.util.*;` `class` `GFG{` `// Kadane's Algorithm to find``// the maximum sum sub array``static` `int` `kadane(Vector v)``{``    ``int` `maxSoFar = ``0``;``    ``int` `maxEndingHere = ``0``;` `    ``// Iterate array v``    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < v.size(); i++)``    ``{``    ``maxEndingHere += v.get(i);``        ` `    ``// Update the maximum``    ``maxSoFar = Math.max(maxEndingHere,``                        ``maxSoFar);``        ` `    ``// Update maxEndingHere to 0 if it``    ``// is less than 0``    ``maxEndingHere = Math.max(maxEndingHere, ``0``);``    ``}``    ` `    ``// Return maximum sum``    ``return` `maxSoFar;``}` `// Function to find the sum``// of even indexed elements``// after modification in array.``static` `int` `sumOfElements(``int` `[]arr, ``int` `n)``{``    ``int` `sum = ``0``;` `    ``// Find initial sum of``    ``// even indexed elements``    ``for``(``int` `i = ``0``; i < n; i++)``    ``{``    ``if` `(i % ``2` `== ``0``)``        ``sum += arr[i];``    ``}` `    ``// Create two vectors to store``    ``// the consecutive differences``    ``// of elements``    ``Vector v1 = ``new` `Vector();``    ``Vector v2 = ``new` `Vector();` `    ``for``(``int` `i = ``1``; i < n; i += ``2``)``    ``{``    ``v1.add(arr[i] - arr[i - ``1``]);``        ` `    ``if` `(i + ``1` `< n)``    ``{``        ``v2.add(arr[i] - arr[i + ``1``]);``    ``}``    ``}``    ` `    ``// Find the maximum sum subarray``    ``int` `option1 = kadane(v1);``    ``int` `option2 = kadane(v2);` `    ``// Add the maximum value``    ``// to initial sum``    ``int` `ans = sum + Math.max(option1,``                            ``option2);` `    ``// Return the answer``    ``return` `ans;``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{``    ` `    ``// Given array arr[]``    ``int` `arr[] = { ``5``, ``1``, ``3``, ``4``, ``5``, ``6` `};` `    ``int` `N = arr.length;` `    ``// Function Call``    ``System.out.print(sumOfElements(arr, N));``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Amit Katiyar`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program for the above approach` `# Kadane's Algorithm to find``# the maximum sum sub array``def` `kadane(v):` `    ``maxSoFar ``=` `0``;``    ``maxEndingHere ``=` `0``;` `    ``# Iterate array v``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``len``(v)):``        ``maxEndingHere ``+``=` `v[i];` `        ``# Update the maximum``        ``maxSoFar ``=` `max``(maxEndingHere,``                    ``maxSoFar);` `        ``# Update maxEndingHere to 0``        ``# if it is less than 0``        ``maxEndingHere ``=` `max``(maxEndingHere, ``0``);` `    ``# Return maximum sum``    ``return` `maxSoFar;` `# Function to find the sum``# of even indexed elements``# after modification in array.``def` `sumOfElements(arr, n):` `    ``sum` `=` `0``;` `    ``# Find initial sum of``    ``# even indexed elements``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(n):``        ``if` `(i ``%` `2` `=``=` `0``):``            ``sum` `+``=` `arr[i];` `    ``# Create two vectors to store``    ``# the consecutive differences``    ``# of elements``    ``v1 ``=` `[];``    ``v2 ``=` `[];` `    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``1``, n, ``2``):``        ``v1.append(arr[i] ``-` `arr[i ``-` `1``]);` `        ``if` `(i ``+` `1` `< n):``            ``v2.append(arr[i] ``-` `arr[i ``+` `1``]);` `    ``# Find the maximum sum subarray``    ``option1 ``=` `kadane(v1);``    ``option2 ``=` `kadane(v2);` `    ``# Add the maximum value``    ``# to initial sum``    ``ans ``=` `sum` `+` `max``(option1, option2);` `    ``# Return the answer``    ``return` `ans;` `# Driver Code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `"__main__"` `:` `    ``# Given array arr[]``    ``arr ``=` `[ ``5``, ``1``, ``3``, ``4``, ``5``, ``6` `];` `    ``N ``=` `len``(arr);` `    ``# Function call``    ``print``(sumOfElements(arr, N));` `# This code is contributed by AnkitRai01`

## C#

 `// C# program for the above approach``using` `System;``using` `System.Collections.Generic;` `class` `GFG{` `// Kadane's Algorithm to find``// the maximum sum sub array``static` `int` `kadane(List<``int``> v)``{``    ``int` `maxSoFar = 0;``    ``int` `maxEndingHere = 0;` `    ``// Iterate array v``    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < v.Count; i++)``    ``{``        ``maxEndingHere += v[i];``            ` `        ``// Update the maximum``        ``maxSoFar = Math.Max(maxEndingHere,``                            ``maxSoFar);``            ` `        ``// Update maxEndingHere to 0 if it``        ``// is less than 0``        ``maxEndingHere = Math.Max(maxEndingHere, 0);``    ``}``    ` `    ``// Return maximum sum``    ``return` `maxSoFar;``}` `// Function to find the sum``// of even indexed elements``// after modification in array.``static` `int` `sumOfElements(``int` `[]arr, ``int` `n)``{``    ``int` `sum = 0;` `    ``// Find initial sum of``    ``// even indexed elements``    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)``    ``{``        ``if` `(i % 2 == 0)``            ``sum += arr[i];``    ``}` `    ``// Create two vectors to store``    ``// the consecutive differences``    ``// of elements``    ``List<``int``> v1 = ``new` `List<``int``>();``    ``List<``int``> v2 = ``new` `List<``int``>();` `    ``for``(``int` `i = 1; i < n; i += 2)``    ``{``        ``v1.Add(arr[i] - arr[i - 1]);``        ` `        ``if` `(i + 1 < n)``        ``{``            ``v2.Add(arr[i] - arr[i + 1]);``        ``}``    ``}``    ` `    ``// Find the maximum sum subarray``    ``int` `option1 = kadane(v1);``    ``int` `option2 = kadane(v2);` `    ``// Add the maximum value``    ``// to initial sum``    ``int` `ans = sum + Math.Max(option1,``                             ``option2);` `    ``// Return the answer``    ``return` `ans;``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)``{``    ` `    ``// Given array []arr``    ``int` `[]arr = { 5, 1, 3, 4, 5, 6 };` `    ``int` `N = arr.Length;` `    ``// Function call``    ``Console.Write(sumOfElements(arr, N));``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Amit Katiyar`

## Javascript

 ``
Output:
`15`

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

My Personal Notes arrow_drop_up