Given an array of size **N** and an integer **K**, the task is to find the maximum for each and every contiguous sub-array of size **K** and print the sum of all these values in the end.

**Examples:**

Input:arr[] = {4, 10, 54, 11, 8, 7, 9}, K = 3Output:182

Input:arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 6, 7, 8, 2, 1}, K = 4Output:45

**Prerequisite**:

**Approach:**

Set performs insertion and removal operation in **O(logK)** time and always stores the keys in the sorted order.

The idea is to use a set of pairs where the first item in the pair is the element itself and the second item in the pair contains the array index of the element.

- Pick first k elements and create a set of pair with these element and their index as described above.
- Now, set
**sum = 0**and use window sliding technique and Loop from**j = 0**to**n – k**:- Get the maximum element from the set (the last element) in the current window and update
**sum = sum + currMax**. - Search for the leftmost element of current window in the set and remove it.
- Insert the next element of the current window in the set to move to next window.

- Get the maximum element from the set (the last element) in the current window and update

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

`// C++ implementation of the approach` `#include <bits/stdc++.h>` `using` `namespace` `std;` ` ` `// Function to return the sum of maximum of` `// all k size sub-arrays using set in C++ STL` `int` `maxOfSubarrays(` `int` `arr[], ` `int` `n, ` `int` `k)` `{` ` ` `// Create a set of pairs` ` ` `set<pair<` `int` `, ` `int` `> > q;` ` ` ` ` `// Create a reverse iterator to the set` ` ` `set<pair<` `int` `, ` `int` `> >::reverse_iterator it;` ` ` ` ` `// Insert the first k elements along` ` ` `// with their indices into the set` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < k; i++) {` ` ` `q.insert(pair<` `int` `, ` `int` `>(arr[i], i));` ` ` `}` ` ` ` ` `// To store the sum` ` ` `int` `sum = 0;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `j = 0; j < n - k + 1; j++) {` ` ` ` ` `// Iterator to the end of the` ` ` `// set since it has the maximum value` ` ` `it = q.rbegin();` ` ` ` ` `// Add the maximum element` ` ` `// of the current window` ` ` `sum += it->first;` ` ` ` ` `// Delete arr[j] (Leftmost element of` ` ` `// current window) from the set` ` ` `q.erase(pair<` `int` `, ` `int` `>(arr[j], j));` ` ` ` ` `// Insert next element` ` ` `q.insert(pair<` `int` `, ` `int` `>(arr[j + k], j + k));` ` ` `}` ` ` ` ` `// Return the required sum` ` ` `return` `sum;` `}` ` ` `// Driver Code` `int` `main()` `{` ` ` `int` `arr[] = { 4, 10, 54, 11, 8, 7, 9 };` ` ` ` ` `int` `K = 3;` ` ` ` ` `int` `n = ` `sizeof` `(arr) / ` `sizeof` `(arr[0]);` ` ` ` ` `cout << maxOfSubarrays(arr, n, K);` ` ` ` ` `return` `0;` `}` |

**Output:**

182

Time Complexity : O(n Log n)

Auxiliary Space : O(k)

The above problem can be solved in O(n) time. Please see below Dequeue based solution for the same.

Sliding Window Maximum (Maximum of all subarrays of size k)

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