# Maximum distinct nodes in a Root to leaf path

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 22 Jul, 2022

Given a Binary Tree, find count of distinct nodes in all the root to leaf paths and print the maximum.

Examples:

```Input :   1
/    \
2      3
/ \    / \
4   5  6   3
\   \
8   9
Output : 4
The root to leaf path with maximum distinct
nodes is 1-3-6-8.```

A simple solution is to explore all root to leaf paths. In every root to leaf path, count distinct nodes and finally return the maximum count.

An efficient solution is to use hashing. We recursively traverse the tree and maintain count of distinct nodes on path from root to current node. We recur for left and right subtrees and finally return maximum of two values.

Below is implementation of above idea

## C++

 `// C++ program to find count of distinct nodes``// on a path with maximum distinct nodes.``#include ``using` `namespace` `std;` `// A node of binary tree``struct` `Node {``    ``int` `data;``    ``struct` `Node *left, *right;``};` `// A utility function to create a new Binary``// Tree node``Node* newNode(``int` `data)``{``    ``Node* temp = ``new` `Node;``    ``temp->data = data;``    ``temp->left = temp->right = NULL;``    ``return` `temp;``}` `int` `largestUinquePathUtil(Node* node, unordered_map<``int``, ``int``> m)``{``    ``if` `(!node)``        ``return` `m.size();` `    ``// put this node into hash``    ``m[node->data]++;` `    ``int` `max_path = max(largestUinquePathUtil(node->left, m),``                       ``largestUinquePathUtil(node->right, m));` `    ``// remove current node from path "hash"``    ``m[node->data]--;` `    ``// if we reached a condition where all duplicate value``    ``// of current node is deleted``    ``if` `(m[node->data] == 0)``        ``m.erase(node->data);` `    ``return` `max_path;``}` `// A utility function to find long unique value path``int` `largestUinquePath(Node* node)``{``    ``if` `(!node)``        ``return` `0;` `    ``// hash that store all node value``    ``unordered_map<``int``, ``int``> hash;` `    ``// return max length unique value path``    ``return` `largestUinquePathUtil(node, hash);``}` `// Driver program to test above functions``int` `main()``{``    ``// Create binary tree shown in above figure``    ``Node* root = newNode(1);``    ``root->left = newNode(2);``    ``root->right = newNode(3);``    ``root->left->left = newNode(4);``    ``root->left->right = newNode(5);``    ``root->right->left = newNode(6);``    ``root->right->right = newNode(7);``    ``root->right->left->right = newNode(8);``    ``root->right->right->right = newNode(9);` `    ``cout << largestUinquePath(root) << endl;` `    ``return` `0;``}`

## Java

 `// Java program to find count of distinct nodes``// on a path with maximum distinct nodes.``import` `java.util.*;``class` `GFG``{` `// A node of binary tree``static` `class` `Node``{``    ``int` `data;``    ``Node left, right;``};` `// A utility function to create a new Binary``// Tree node``static` `Node newNode(``int` `data)``{``    ``Node temp = ``new` `Node();``    ``temp.data = data;``    ``temp.left = temp.right = ``null``;``    ``return` `temp;``}` `static` `int` `largestUinquePathUtil(Node node, HashMap m)``{``    ``if` `(node == ``null``)``        ``return` `m.size();` `    ``// put this node into hash``    ``if``(m.containsKey(node.data))``    ``{``        ``m.put(node.data, m.get(node.data) + ``1``);``    ``}``    ``else``    ``{``        ``m.put(node.data, ``1``);``    ``}` `    ``int` `max_path = Math.max(largestUinquePathUtil(node.left, m),``                            ``largestUinquePathUtil(node.right, m));` `    ``// remove current node from path "hash"``    ``if``(m.containsKey(node.data))``    ``{``        ``m.put(node.data, m.get(node.data) - ``1``);``    ``}` `    ``// if we reached a condition where all duplicate value``    ``// of current node is deleted``    ``if` `(m.get(node.data) == ``0``)``        ``m.remove(node.data);` `    ``return` `max_path;``}` `// A utility function to find long unique value path``static` `int` `largestUinquePath(Node node)``{``    ``if` `(node == ``null``)``        ``return` `0``;` `    ``// hash that store all node value``    ``HashMap hash = ``new` `HashMap();` `    ``// return max length unique value path``    ``return` `largestUinquePathUtil(node, hash);``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``{``    ``// Create binary tree shown in above figure``    ``Node root = newNode(``1``);``    ``root.left = newNode(``2``);``    ``root.right = newNode(``3``);``    ``root.left.left = newNode(``4``);``    ``root.left.right = newNode(``5``);``    ``root.right.left = newNode(``6``);``    ``root.right.right = newNode(``7``);``    ``root.right.left.right = newNode(``8``);``    ``root.right.right.right = newNode(``9``);` `    ``System.out.println(largestUinquePath(root));   ``}``}` `// This code is contributed by Princi Singh`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to find count of``# distinct nodes on a path with``# maximum distinct nodes.` `# A utility class to create a``# new Binary Tree node``class` `newNode:``    ``def` `__init__(``self``, data):``        ``self``.data ``=` `data``        ``self``.left ``=` `self``.right ``=` `None` `def` `largestUinquePathUtil(node, m):``    ``if` `(``not` `node ``or` `node.data ``in` `m):``        ``return` `len``(m)` `    ``# put this node into hash``    ``if` `node.data ``in` `m:``        ``m[node.data] ``+``=` `1``    ``else``:``        ``m[node.data] ``=` `1` `    ``max_path ``=` `max``(largestUinquePathUtil(node.left, m),``                   ``largestUinquePathUtil(node.right, m))` `    ``# remove current node from path "hash"``    ``m[node.data] ``-``=` `1` `    ``# if we reached a condition``    ``# where all duplicate value``    ``# of current node is deleted``    ``if` `(m[node.data] ``=``=` `0``):``        ``del` `m[node.data]` `    ``return` `max_path` `# A utility function to find``# long unique value path``def` `largestUinquePath(node):``    ``if` `(``not` `node):``        ``return` `0` `    ``# hash that store all node value``    ``Hash` `=` `{}` `    ``# return max length unique value path``    ``return` `largestUinquePathUtil(node, ``Hash``)` `# Driver Code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `'__main__'``:` `    ``# Create binary tree shown``    ``# in above figure``    ``root ``=` `newNode(``1``)``    ``root.left ``=` `newNode(``2``)``    ``root.right ``=` `newNode(``3``)``    ``root.left.left ``=` `newNode(``4``)``    ``root.left.right ``=` `newNode(``5``)``    ``root.right.left ``=` `newNode(``6``)``    ``root.right.right ``=` `newNode(``7``)``    ``root.right.left.right ``=` `newNode(``8``)``    ``root.right.right.right ``=` `newNode(``9``)` `    ``print``(largestUinquePath(root))` `# This code is contributed by PranchalK`

## C#

 `// C# program to find count of distinct nodes``// on a path with maximum distinct nodes.``using` `System;``using` `System.Collections.Generic;` `class` `GFG``{` `// A node of binary tree``public` `class` `Node``{``    ``public` `int` `data;``    ``public` `Node left, right;``};` `// A utility function to create a new Binary``// Tree node``static` `Node newNode(``int` `data)``{``    ``Node temp = ``new` `Node();``    ``temp.data = data;``    ``temp.left = temp.right = ``null``;``    ``return` `temp;``}` `static` `int` `largestUinquePathUtil(Node node,``                                 ``Dictionary<``int``, ``int``> m)``{``    ``if` `(node == ``null``)``        ``return` `m.Count;` `    ``// put this node into hash``    ``if``(m.ContainsKey(node.data))``    ``{``        ``m[node.data] = m[node.data] + 1;``    ``}``    ``else``    ``{``        ``m.Add(node.data, 1);``    ``}` `    ``int` `max_path = Math.Max(largestUinquePathUtil(node.left, m),``                            ``largestUinquePathUtil(node.right, m));` `    ``// remove current node from path "hash"``    ``if``(m.ContainsKey(node.data))``    ``{``        ``m[node.data] = m[node.data] - 1;``    ``}` `    ``// if we reached a condition where all``    ``// duplicate value of current node is deleted``    ``if` `(m[node.data] == 0)``        ``m.Remove(node.data);` `    ``return` `max_path;``}` `// A utility function to find long unique value path``static` `int` `largestUinquePath(Node node)``{``    ``if` `(node == ``null``)``        ``return` `0;` `    ``// hash that store all node value``    ``Dictionary<``int``,    ``               ``int``> hash = ``new` `Dictionary<``int``,``                                          ``int``>();` `    ``// return max length unique value path``    ``return` `largestUinquePathUtil(node, hash);``}` `// Driver Code``public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)``{``    ` `    ``// Create binary tree shown in above figure``    ``Node root = newNode(1);``    ``root.left = newNode(2);``    ``root.right = newNode(3);``    ``root.left.left = newNode(4);``    ``root.left.right = newNode(5);``    ``root.right.left = newNode(6);``    ``root.right.right = newNode(7);``    ``root.right.left.right = newNode(8);``    ``root.right.right.right = newNode(9);` `    ``Console.WriteLine(largestUinquePath(root));``}``}` `// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar`

## Javascript

 ``

Output

```4
```

Time Complexity: O(n)

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