# Maximum difference between frequency of two elements such that element having greater frequency is also greater

Given an array of **n** positive integers with many repeating elements. The task is to find the maximum difference between the frequency of any two different elements, such that the element with greater frequency is also greater in value than the second integer.

**Examples:**

Input :arr[] = { 3, 1, 3, 2, 3, 2 }.Output :2 Frequency of 3 = 3. Frequency of 2 = 2. Frequency of 1 = 1. Here difference of frequency of element 3 and 1 is = 3 - 1 = 2. Also 3 > 1.

**Method 1 (Use Hashing):**

The naive approach can be, find the frequency of each element and for each element find the element having lesser value and lesser frequency than the current element.

Below is the implementation of this approach:

## C++

`// C++ program to find maximum difference` `// between frequency of any two element` `// such that element with greater frequency` `// is also greater in value.` `#include<bits/stdc++.h>` `using` `namespace` `std;` `// Return the maximum difference between` `// frequencies of any two elements such that` `// element with greater frequency is also` `// greater in value.` `int` `maxdiff(` `int` `arr[], ` `int` `n)` `{` ` ` `unordered_map<` `int` `, ` `int` `> freq;` ` ` `// Finding the frequency of each element.` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)` ` ` `freq[arr[i]]++;` ` ` `int` `ans = 0;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i=0; i<n; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `j=0; j<n; j++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// finding difference such that element` ` ` `// having greater frequency is also` ` ` `// greater in value.` ` ` `if` `(freq[arr[i]] > freq[arr[j]] &&` ` ` `arr[i] > arr[j] )` ` ` `ans = max(ans, freq[arr[i]]-freq[arr[j]]);` ` ` `else` `if` `(freq[arr[i]] < freq[arr[j]] &&` ` ` `arr[i] < arr[j] )` ` ` `ans = max(ans, freq[arr[j]]-freq[arr[i]]);` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `ans;` `}` `// Driven Program` `int` `main()` `{` ` ` `int` `arr[] = { 3, 1, 3, 2, 3, 2 };` ` ` `int` `n = ` `sizeof` `(arr)/` `sizeof` `(arr[0]);` ` ` `cout << maxdiff(arr, n) << endl;` ` ` `return` `0;` `}` |

## Java

`// Java program to find maximum difference` `// between frequency of any two element` `// such that element with greater frequency` `// is also greater in value.` `import` `java.util.*;` `class` `GFG` `{` `// Return the maximum difference between` `// frequencies of any two elements such that` `// element with greater frequency is also` `// greater in value.` `static` `int` `maxdiff(` `int` `arr[], ` `int` `n)` `{` ` ` `Map<Integer, Integer> freq = ` `new` `HashMap<>();` ` ` `// Finding the frequency of each element.` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = ` `0` `; i < n; i++)` ` ` `freq.put(arr[i],` ` ` `freq.get(arr[i]) == ` `null` `? ` `1` `:` ` ` `freq.get(arr[i]) + ` `1` `);` ` ` `int` `ans = ` `0` `;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = ` `0` `; i < n; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `j = ` `0` `; j < n; j++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// finding difference such that element` ` ` `// having greater frequency is also` ` ` `// greater in value.` ` ` `if` `(freq.get(arr[i]) > freq.get(arr[j]) &&` ` ` `arr[i] > arr[j])` ` ` `ans = Math.max(ans, freq.get(arr[i]) -` ` ` `freq.get(arr[j]));` ` ` `else` `if` `(freq.get(arr[i]) < freq.get(arr[j]) &&` ` ` `arr[i] < arr[j] )` ` ` `ans = Math.max(ans, freq.get(arr[j]) -` ` ` `freq.get(arr[i]));` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `ans;` `}` `// Driver Code` `public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)` `{` ` ` `int` `arr[] = { ` `3` `, ` `1` `, ` `3` `, ` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `2` `};` ` ` `int` `n = arr.length;` ` ` `System.out.println(maxdiff(arr, n));` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by 29AjayKumar` |

## Python3

`# Python program to find maximum difference` `# between frequency of any two element` `# such that element with greater frequency` `# is also greater in value.` `from` `collections ` `import` `defaultdict` `# Return the maximum difference between` `# frequencies of any two elements such that` `# element with greater frequency is also` `# greater in value.` `def` `maxdiff(arr, n):` ` ` `freq ` `=` `defaultdict(` `lambda` `: ` `0` `)` ` ` `# Finding the frequency of each element.` ` ` `for` `i ` `in` `range` `(n):` ` ` `freq[arr[i]] ` `+` `=` `1` ` ` `ans ` `=` `0` ` ` `for` `i ` `in` `range` `(n):` ` ` `for` `j ` `in` `range` `(n):` ` ` `# finding difference such that element` ` ` `# having greater frequency is also` ` ` `# greater in value.` ` ` `if` `freq[arr[i]] > freq[arr[j]] ` `and` `arr[i] > arr[j]:` ` ` `ans ` `=` `max` `(ans, freq[arr[i]] ` `-` `freq[arr[j]])` ` ` `elif` `freq[arr[i]] < freq[arr[j]] ` `and` `arr[i] < arr[j]:` ` ` `ans ` `=` `max` `(ans, freq[arr[j]] ` `-` `freq[arr[i]])` ` ` `return` `ans` `arr ` `=` `[` `3` `,` `1` `,` `3` `,` `2` `,` `3` `,` `2` `]` `n ` `=` `len` `(arr)` `print` `(maxdiff(arr,n))` `# This code is contributed by Shrikant13` |

## C#

`// C# program to find maximum difference` `// between frequency of any two element` `// such that element with greater frequency` `// is also greater in value.` `using` `System;` `using` `System.Collections.Generic;` `class` `GFG` `{` ` ` `// Return the maximum difference between` ` ` `// frequencies of any two elements such that` ` ` `// element with greater frequency is also` ` ` `// greater in value.` ` ` `static` `int` `maxdiff(` `int` `[] arr, ` `int` `n)` ` ` `{` ` ` `Dictionary<` `int` `,` ` ` `int` `> freq = ` `new` `Dictionary<` `int` `,` ` ` `int` `>();` ` ` `// Finding the frequency of each element.` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `if` `(freq.ContainsKey(arr[i]))` ` ` `freq[arr[i]]++;` ` ` `else` ` ` `freq.Add(arr[i], 1);` ` ` `}` ` ` `int` `ans = 0;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `j = 0; j < n; j++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// finding difference such that element` ` ` `// having greater frequency is also` ` ` `// greater in value.` ` ` `if` `(freq[arr[i]] > freq[arr[j]] && arr[i] > arr[j])` ` ` `ans = Math.Max(ans, freq[arr[i]] - freq[arr[i]]);` ` ` `else` `if` `(freq[arr[i]] < freq[arr[j]] && arr[i] < arr[j])` ` ` `ans = Math.Max(ans, freq[arr[j]] - freq[arr[i]]);` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `ans;` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Driver Code` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)` ` ` `{` ` ` `int` `[] arr = { 3, 1, 3, 2, 3, 2 };` ` ` `int` `n = arr.Length;` ` ` `Console.WriteLine(maxdiff(arr, n));` ` ` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by` `// sanjeev2552` |

## Javascript

`<script>` `// JavaScript program to find maximum difference` `// between frequency of any two element` `// such that element with greater frequency` `// is also greater in value.` `// Return the maximum difference between` `// frequencies of any two elements such that` `// element with greater frequency is also` `// greater in value.` `function` `maxdiff(arr, n)` `{` ` ` `let freq = ` `new` `Map();` ` ` ` ` `// Finding the frequency of each element.` ` ` `for` `(let i = 0; i < n; i++)` ` ` `freq.set(arr[i],` ` ` `freq.get(arr[i]) == ` `null` `? 1 :` ` ` `freq.get(arr[i]) + 1);` ` ` ` ` `let ans = 0;` ` ` `for` `(let i = 0; i < n; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `for` `(let j = 0; j < n; j++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `// finding difference such that element` ` ` `// having greater frequency is also` ` ` `// greater in value.` ` ` `if` `(freq.get(arr[i]) > freq.get(arr[j]) &&` ` ` `arr[i] > arr[j])` ` ` `ans = Math.max(ans, freq.get(arr[i]) -` ` ` `freq.get(arr[j]));` ` ` `else` `if` `(freq.get(arr[i]) < freq.get(arr[j]) &&` ` ` `arr[i] < arr[j] )` ` ` `ans = Math.max(ans, freq.get(arr[j]) -` ` ` `freq.get(arr[i]));` ` ` `}` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `ans;` `}` ` ` ` ` `// Driver code` ` ` ` ` `let arr = [ 3, 1, 3, 2, 3, 2 ];` ` ` `let n = arr.length;` ` ` ` ` `document.write(maxdiff(arr, n));` ` ` `</script>` |

**Output:**

2

**Time Complexity:** O(n^{2}).

**Auxiliary Space: **O(n)

**Method 2 (Use Hashing and Sorting):**

The idea is to find all the distinct elements and store them in an array, say dist[ ]. Sort the distinct element array dist[] in increasing order. Now for any distinct element at index i, for all index j such that i > j > 0, find the element between index 0 to i-1 having a minimum frequency. We can find the frequency of an element in the same way as method 1, i.e., storing frequencies in a hash table.

So do this for all i and find the maximum difference. To find the minimum frequency for all i maintain a prefix minimum.

Below is the representation of this approach:

## C++

`// Efficient C++ program to find maximum` `// difference between frequency of any two` `// elements such that element with greater` `// frequency is also greater in value.` `#include<bits/stdc++.h>` `using` `namespace` `std;` `// Return the maximum difference between` `// frequencies of any two elements such that` `// element with greater frequency is also` `// greater in value.` `int` `maxdiff(` `int` `arr[], ` `int` `n)` `{` ` ` `unordered_map<` `int` `, ` `int` `> freq;` ` ` `int` `dist[n];` ` ` `// Finding the frequency of each element.` ` ` `int` `j = 0;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `if` `(freq.find(arr[i]) == freq.end())` ` ` `dist[j++] = arr[i];` ` ` `freq[arr[i]]++;` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Sorting the distinct element` ` ` `sort(dist, dist + j);` ` ` `int` `min_freq = n+1;` ` ` `// Iterate through all sorted distinct elements.` ` ` `// For each distinct element, maintaining the` ` ` `// element with minimum frequency than that` ` ` `// element and also finding the maximum` ` ` `// frequency difference` ` ` `int` `ans = 0;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i=0; i<j; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `int` `cur_freq = freq[dist[i]];` ` ` `ans = max(ans, cur_freq - min_freq);` ` ` `min_freq = min(min_freq, cur_freq);` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `ans;` `}` `// Driven Program` `int` `main()` `{` ` ` `int` `arr[] = { 3, 1, 3, 2, 3, 2 };` ` ` `int` `n = ` `sizeof` `(arr)/` `sizeof` `(arr[0]);` ` ` `cout << maxdiff(arr, n) << endl;` ` ` `return` `0;` `}` |

## Java

`// Efficient Java program to find maximum` `// difference between frequency of any two` `// elements such that element with greater` `// frequency is also greater in value.` `import` `java.util.*;` `class` `GFG` `{` ` ` `// Return the maximum difference between` ` ` `// frequencies of any two elements such that` ` ` `// element with greater frequency is also` ` ` `// greater in value.` ` ` `static` `int` `maxdiff(` `int` `arr[], ` `int` `n)` ` ` `{` ` ` `HashMap<Integer,Integer> freq= ` `new` `HashMap<>();` ` ` `int` `[]dist = ` `new` `int` `[n];` ` ` `// Finding the frequency of each element.` ` ` `int` `j = ` `0` `;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = ` `0` `; i < n; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `dist[j++] = arr[i];` ` ` `if` `(!freq.containsKey(arr[i]))` ` ` `freq.put(arr[i], ` `1` `);` ` ` `else` ` ` `freq.put(arr[i], freq.get(arr[i]) + ` `1` `);` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Sorting the distinct element` ` ` `Arrays.sort(dist);` ` ` `int` `min_freq = n + ` `1` `;` ` ` `// Iterate through all sorted distinct elements.` ` ` `// For each distinct element, maintaining the` ` ` `// element with minimum frequency than that` ` ` `// element and also finding the maximum` ` ` `// frequency difference` ` ` `int` `ans = ` `0` `;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = ` `0` `; i < j; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `int` `cur_freq = freq.get(dist[i]);` ` ` `ans = Math.max(ans, cur_freq - min_freq);` ` ` `min_freq = Math.min(min_freq, cur_freq);` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `ans;` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Driven Program` ` ` `public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)` ` ` `{` ` ` `int` `arr[] = { ` `3` `, ` `1` `, ` `3` `, ` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `2` `};` ` ` `int` `n = arr.length;` ` ` `System.out.print(maxdiff(arr, n) +` `"\n"` `);` ` ` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by Rajput-Ji` |

## Python3

`# Efficient Python3 program to find maximum` `# difference between frequency of any two` `# elements such that element with greater` `# frequency is also greater in value.` `# Return the maximum difference between` `# frequencies of any two elements such that` `# element with greater frequency is also` `# greater in value.` `def` `maxdiff(arr, n):` ` ` `freq ` `=` `{}` ` ` `dist ` `=` `[` `0` `] ` `*` `n` ` ` ` ` `# Finding the frequency of each element.` ` ` `j ` `=` `0` ` ` `for` `i ` `in` `range` `(n):` ` ` `if` `(arr[i] ` `not` `in` `freq):` ` ` `dist[j] ` `=` `arr[i]` ` ` `j ` `+` `=` `1` ` ` `freq[arr[i]] ` `=` `0` ` ` `if` `(arr[i] ` `in` `freq):` ` ` `freq[arr[i]] ` `+` `=` `1` ` ` `dist ` `=` `dist[:j]` ` ` ` ` `# Sorting the distinct element` ` ` `dist.sort()` ` ` `min_freq ` `=` `n ` `+` `1` ` ` ` ` `# Iterate through all sorted distinct elements.` ` ` `# For each distinct element, maintaining the` ` ` `# element with minimum frequency than that` ` ` `# element and also finding the maximum` ` ` `# frequency difference` ` ` `ans ` `=` `0` ` ` `for` `i ` `in` `range` `(j):` ` ` `cur_freq ` `=` `freq[dist[i]]` ` ` `ans ` `=` `max` `(ans, cur_freq ` `-` `min_freq)` ` ` `min_freq ` `=` `min` `(min_freq, cur_freq)` ` ` ` ` `return` `ans` `# Driven Program` `arr ` `=` `[` `3` `, ` `1` `, ` `3` `, ` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `2` `]` `n ` `=` `len` `(arr)` `print` `(maxdiff(arr, n))` `# This code is contributed by SHUBHAMSINGH10` |

## C#

`// Efficient C# program to find maximum` `// difference between frequency of any two` `// elements such that element with greater` `// frequency is also greater in value.` `using` `System.Collections.Generic;` `using` `System;` `class` `GFG{` ` ` `// Return the maximum difference between` `// frequencies of any two elements such` `// that element with greater frequency` `// is also greater in value.` `static` `int` `maxdiff(` `int` `[]arr, ` `int` `n)` `{` ` ` `Dictionary<` `int` `,` ` ` `int` `> freq = ` `new` `Dictionary<` `int` `,` ` ` `int` `>();` ` ` `List<` `int` `> dist = ` `new` `List<` `int` `>();` ` ` ` ` `// Finding the frequency of each element.` ` ` `int` `j = 0;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `if` `(freq.ContainsKey(arr[i]) == ` `false` `)` ` ` `{` ` ` `dist.Add(arr[i]);` ` ` `j++;` ` ` `}` ` ` ` ` `if` `(freq.ContainsKey(arr[i]))` ` ` `freq[arr[i]]++;` ` ` `else` ` ` `freq[arr[i]]=1;` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Sorting the distinct element` ` ` `dist.Sort();` ` ` `int` `min_freq = n + 1;` ` ` `// Iterate through all sorted distinct elements.` ` ` `// For each distinct element, maintaining the` ` ` `// element with minimum frequency than that` ` ` `// element and also finding the maximum` ` ` `// frequency difference` ` ` `int` `ans = 0;` ` ` `for` `(` `int` `i = 0; i < j; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `int` `cur_freq = freq[dist[i]];` ` ` `ans = Math.Max(ans, cur_freq - min_freq);` ` ` `min_freq = Math.Min(min_freq, cur_freq);` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `ans;` `}` `// Driver code` `public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)` `{` ` ` `int` `[]arr = { 3, 1, 3, 2, 3, 2 };` ` ` `int` `n = arr.Length;` ` ` `Console.WriteLine(maxdiff(arr, n));` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by Stream_Cipher` |

## Javascript

`<script>` `// Efficient Javascript program to find maximum` `// difference between frequency of any two` `// elements such that element with greater` `// frequency is also greater in value.` `// Return the maximum difference between` `// frequencies of any two elements such that` `// element with greater frequency is also` `// greater in value.` `function` `maxdiff(arr, n)` `{` ` ` `var` `freq = ` `new` `Map(); ` ` ` `var` `dist = Array(n);` ` ` `// Finding the frequency of each element.` ` ` `var` `j = 0;` ` ` `for` `(` `var` `i = 0; i < n; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `if` `(!freq.has(arr[i]))` ` ` `dist[j++] = arr[i];` ` ` `if` `(freq.has(arr[i]))` ` ` `freq.set(arr[i], freq.get(arr[i])+1)` ` ` `else` ` ` `freq.set(arr[i], 1)` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Sorting the distinct element` ` ` `dist.sort();` ` ` `var` `min_freq = n+1;` ` ` `// Iterate through all sorted distinct elements.` ` ` `// For each distinct element, maintaining the` ` ` `// element with minimum frequency than that` ` ` `// element and also finding the maximum` ` ` `// frequency difference` ` ` `var` `ans = 0;` ` ` `for` `(` `var` `i=0; i<j; i++)` ` ` `{` ` ` `var` `cur_freq = freq.get(dist[i]);` ` ` `ans = Math.max(ans, cur_freq - min_freq);` ` ` `min_freq = Math.min(min_freq, cur_freq);` ` ` `}` ` ` `return` `ans;` `}` `// Driven Program` `var` `arr = [3, 1, 3, 2, 3, 2 ];` `var` `n = arr.length;` `document.write( maxdiff(arr, n))` `// This code is contributed by famously.` `</script>` |

**Output:**

2

**Time Complexity: **O(n log n).

**Auxiliary Space:** O(n)

This article is contributed by **Anuj Chauhan(anuj0503)**. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using write.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to review-team@geeksforgeeks.org. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks.

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