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Maximize profit that can be earned by selling an item among N buyers
  • Difficulty Level : Medium
  • Last Updated : 10 May, 2021

Given an array arr[] of size N, the task is to find the price of the item such that the profit earned by selling the item among N buyers is maximum possible consisting of budgets of N buyers. An item can be sold to any buyer if the budget of the buyer is greater than or equal to the price of the item.

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {34, 78, 90, 15, 67}
Output: 67
Explanation: For the item with price 67, the number of buyers who can buy the item is 3. Therefore, the profit earned is 67 * 3 = 201, which is maximum.

Input: arr[] = {300, 50, 32, 43, 42}
Output: 300

Naive Approach: Follow the steps below to solve the problem:



  • Initialize two variables, say price and profit as 0, to store the profit by selling an item and the possible price of the item respectively.
  • Traverse the given array arr[] and perform the following steps:
    • Set the price of the item as arr[i].
    • Find the number of buyers whose budget is at least arr[i] by traversing the given array. Let the value be count.
    • If the value of count*arr[i] is greater than the profit then update the profit as count*arr[i] and the price as arr[i].
  • After completing the above steps, print the value of the price as the resultant price.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




// C++ program for the above approach
#include <iostream>
#include <climits>
#include <algorithm>
using namespace std;
 
// Function to find the maximum profit
// earned by selling an item among
// N buyers
int maximumProfit(int arr[],int N)
{
 
  // Stores the maximum profit
  int ans = INT_MIN;
 
  // Stores the price of the item
  int price = 0;
 
  // Sort the array
  sort(arr, arr + N);
 
  // Traverse the array
  for (int i = 0; i < N; i++)
  {
 
    // Count of buyers with
    // budget >= arr[i]
    int count = (N - i);
 
    // Update the maximum profit
    if (ans < count * arr[i])
    {
      price = arr[i];
      ans = count * arr[i];
    }
  }
 
  // Return the maximum possible
  // price
  return price;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
  int arr[] = { 22, 87, 9, 50, 56, 43 };
  cout << maximumProfit(arr,6);
  return 0;
}
 
// This code is contributed by le0.

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to find the maximum profit
    // earned by selling an item among
    // N buyers
    public static int maximumProfit(int arr[])
    {
        // Stores the maximum profit
        int ans = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
 
        // Stores the price of the item
        int price = 0;
 
        int n = arr.length;
 
        // Traverse the array
        for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
 
            // Count of buyers with
            // budget >= arr[i]
            int count = 0;
 
            for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
 
                if (arr[i] <= arr[j]) {
 
                    // Increment count
                    count++;
                }
            }
 
            // Update the maximum profit
            if (ans < count * arr[i]) {
                price = arr[i];
                ans = count * arr[i];
            }
        }
 
        // Return the maximum possible
        // price
        return price;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int arr[] = { 22, 87, 9, 50, 56, 43 };
        System.out.print(
            maximumProfit(arr));
    }
}

Python3




# Python3 program for the above approach
import sys
 
# Function to find the maximum profit
# earned by selling an item among
# N buyers
def maximumProfit(arr, N):
 
    # Stores the maximum profit
    ans = -sys.maxsize - 1
 
    # Stores the price of the item
    price = 0
 
    # Sort the array
    arr.sort()
 
    # Traverse the array
    for i in range(N):
 
        # Count of buyers with
        # budget >= arr[i]
        count = (N - i)
 
        # Update the maximum profit
        if (ans < count * arr[i]):
 
            price = arr[i]
            ans = count * arr[i]
 
    # Return the maximum possible
    # price
    return price
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == "__main__":
 
    arr = [22, 87, 9, 50, 56, 43]
     
    print(maximumProfit(arr, 6))
 
# This code is contributed by ukasp

C#




// C# program for the above approach
using System;
 
class GFG{
 
  // Function to find the maximum profit
  // earned by selling an item among
  // N buyers
  public static int maximumProfit(int[] arr)
  {
     
    // Stores the maximum profit
    int ans = Int32.MinValue;
 
    // Stores the price of the item
    int price = 0;
 
    int n = arr.Length;
 
    // Traverse the array
    for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
 
      // Count of buyers with
      // budget >= arr[i]
      int count = 0;
 
      for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
 
        if (arr[i] <= arr[j]) {
 
          // Increment count
          count++;
        }
      }
 
      // Update the maximum profit
      if (ans < count * arr[i]) {
        price = arr[i];
        ans = count * arr[i];
      }
    }
 
    // Return the maximum possible
    // price
    return price;
  }
 
  // Driver Code
  public static void Main(string[] args)
  {
    int[] arr = { 22, 87, 9, 50, 56, 43 };
    Console.Write(
      maximumProfit(arr));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by sanjoy_62.
Output
43

Time Complexity: O(N2)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Efficient Approach: The above approach can be optimized by sorting the array such that the count of elements greater than the current element can be calculated in O(1) time. Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

  • Initialize two variables, say price and profit as 0, to store the profit by selling an item and the possible price of the item respectively.
  • Sort the array in ascending order.
  • Traverse the given array arr[i] and perform the following steps:
    • Set the price of the item as arr[i].
    • Now, the number of buyers whose budget is at least arr[i] is given by (N – i). Let the value be count.
    • If the value of count*arr[i] is greater than the profit then update the profit as count*arr[i] and the price as arr[i].
  • After completing the above steps, print the value of the price as the resultant price.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

C++




#include <iostream>
#include <climits>
#include <algorithm>
using namespace std;
// Function to find the maximum profit
// earned by selling an item among
// N buyers
int maximumProfit(int arr[],int n)
{
  // Stores the maximum profit
  int ans = INT_MIN;
 
  // Stores the price of the item
  int price = 0;
 
 
  // Traverse the array
  for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
 
    // Count of buyers with
    // budget >= arr[i]
    int count = 0;
 
    for (int j = 0; j < n; j++) {
 
      if (arr[i] <= arr[j]) {
 
        // Increment count
        count++;
      }
    }
 
    // Update the maximum profit
    if (ans < count * arr[i]) {
      price = arr[i];
      ans = count * arr[i];
    }
  }
 
  // Return the maximum possible
  // price
  return price;
}
 
// Driver code
int main()
{
 
  int arr[] = { 22, 87, 9, 50, 56, 43 };
 
  cout<<maximumProfit(arr,6);
  return 0;
}

Java




// Java program for the above approach
import java.util.*;
 
class GFG {
 
    // Function to find the maximum profit
    // earned by selling an item among
    // N buyers
    public static int maximumProfit(int arr[])
    {
        // Stores the maximum profit
        int ans = Integer.MIN_VALUE;
 
        // Stores the price of the item
        int price = 0;
 
        // Sort the array
        Arrays.sort(arr);
 
        int N = arr.length;
 
        // Traverse the array
        for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
            // Count of buyers with
            // budget >= arr[i]
            int count = (N - i);
 
            // Update the maximum profit
            if (ans < count * arr[i]) {
                price = arr[i];
                ans = count * arr[i];
            }
        }
 
        // Return the maximum possible
        // price
        return price;
    }
 
    // Driver Code
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        int arr[] = { 22, 87, 9, 50, 56, 43 };
 
        System.out.print(
            maximumProfit(arr));
    }
}

C#




// C# Program to implement
// the above approach
using System;
class GFG
{
 
  // Function to find the maximum profit
  // earned by selling an item among
  // N buyers
  public static int maximumProfit(int[] arr)
  {
     
    // Stores the maximum profit
    int ans = Int32.MinValue;
 
    // Stores the price of the item
    int price = 0;
 
    // Sort the array
    Array.Sort(arr);
 
    int N = arr.Length;
 
    // Traverse the array
    for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
 
      // Count of buyers with
      // budget >= arr[i]
      int count = (N - i);
 
      // Update the maximum profit
      if (ans < count * arr[i]) {
        price = arr[i];
        ans = count * arr[i];
      }
    }
 
    // Return the maximum possible
    // price
    return price;
  }
 
  // Driver Code
  public static void Main(String[] args)
  {
    int[] arr = { 22, 87, 9, 50, 56, 43 };
 
    Console.WriteLine(
      maximumProfit(arr));
  }
}
 
// This code is contributed by splevel62.

Python3




import sys
 
# Function to find the maximum profit
# earned by selling an item among
# N buyers
def maximumProfit(arr, n):
   
    # Stores the maximum profit
    ans = -sys.maxsize - 1
     
    # Stores the price of the item
    price = 0
 
    # Traverse the array
    for i in range(n):
       
        # Count of buyers with
        # budget >= arr[i]
        count = 0
 
        for j in range(n):
            if (arr[i] <= arr[j]):
               
                # Increment count
                count += 1
 
        # Update the maximum profit
        if (ans < count * arr[i]):
            price = arr[i]
            ans = count * arr[i]
 
    # Return the maximum possible
    # price
    return price;
 
# Driver code
if __name__ == '__main__':
    arr =  [22, 87, 9, 50, 56, 43]
    print(maximumProfit(arr,6))
 
    # This code is contributed by SURENDRA_GANGWAR.

Javascript




<script>
 
// Function to find the maximum profit
// earned by selling an item among
// N buyers
function maximumProfit(arr, n)
{
// Stores the maximum profit
var ans = -100000;;
 
// Stores the price of the item
var price = 0;
 
 
// Traverse the array
for (var i = 0; i < n; i++) {
 
    // Count of buyers with
    // budget >= arr[i]
    var count = 0;
 
    for (var j = 0; j < n; j++) {
 
    if (arr[i] <= arr[j]) {
 
        // Increment count
        count++;
    }
    }
 
    // Update the maximum profit
    if (ans < count * arr[i]) {
    price = arr[i];
    ans = count * arr[i];
    }
}
 
// Return the maximum possible
// price
return price;
}
 
 arr = [ 22, 87, 9, 50, 56, 43 ];
 
document.write(maximumProfit(arr,6));
 
</script>
Output
43

Time Complexity: O(N * log N)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

 

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