# Maximize Profit by trading stocks based on given rate per day

Given an array **arr[]** of **N** positive integers which denotes the cost of selling and buying a stock on each of the **N** days. The task is to find the maximum profit that can be earned by buying a stock on or selling all previously bought stocks on a particular day.**Examples:**

Input:arr[] = {2, 3, 5}Output:5Explanation:

Price on Day 1 = 2. Therefore buy the stocks on Day 1 at this cost. Total_Spent = 2

Price on Day 2 = 3. Therefore buy the stocks on Day 2 at this cost. Total_Spent = 2 + 3 = 5

Price on Day 3 = 5. If the stocks are sold at this price, the profit will be maximum. Therefore sell the bought stocks on Day 3 at this cost. Total_gained = 5*2 = 10

Profit = 10 – 5 = 5Input:arr[] = {8, 5, 1}Output:0Explanation:

After buying any stock we can’t sell on any other day because it will lead to loss. Therefore Profit is 0.

**Approach:** The idea is to break the given prices of stock into different subarrays such that each subarray has the maximum value at the end of the array. Then, find the profit by subtracting each stock value from the last element in each subarray. Below are the steps:

- Traverse the array
**arr[]**from the end and consider**arr[N – 1]**as the current highest price of a stock, say**maxM**. - As long as the price is highest, all the stocks purchased previously will gain profit. Therefore, move towards the left in
**arr[]**and keep adding**maxM – arr[i]**to profit for all indices until any index occurs with higher cost than**maxM**. - If a higher price than
**maxM**is encountered, then buying it causes a loss.So set the cost of stock for that particular day, i.e. arr[i], as the current value of**maxM**and repeat**Step 2**. - After the array is traversed, print the sum of difference obtained in step 2 for each possible price in the
**arr[]**.

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

`// C++ program for the above approach` `#include <bits/stdc++.h>` `using` `namespace` `std;` `// Function to find the maximum profit` `int` `maxProfit(` `int` `* prices, ` `int` `n)` `{` ` ` `int` `profit = 0, currentDay = n - 1;` ` ` `// Start from the last day` ` ` `while` `(currentDay > 0) {` ` ` `int` `day = currentDay - 1;` ` ` `// Traverse and keep adding the` ` ` `// profit until a day with` ` ` `// price of stock higher` ` ` `// than currentDay is obtained` ` ` `while` `(day >= 0` ` ` `&& (prices[currentDay]` ` ` `> prices[day])) {` ` ` `profit += (prices[currentDay]` ` ` `- prices[day]);` ` ` `day--;` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Set this day as currentDay` ` ` `// with maximum cost of stock` ` ` `// currently` ` ` `currentDay = day;` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Return the profit` ` ` `return` `profit;` `}` `// Driver Code` `int` `main()` `{` ` ` `// Given array of prices` ` ` `int` `prices[] = { 2, 3, 5 };` ` ` `int` `N = ` `sizeof` `(prices) / ` `sizeof` `(prices[0]);` ` ` `// Function Call` ` ` `cout << maxProfit(prices, N);` ` ` `return` `0;` `}` |

## Java

`// Java program for the above approach` `class` `GFG{` `// Function to find the maximum profit` `static` `int` `maxProfit(` `int` `[] prices, ` `int` `n)` `{` ` ` `int` `profit = ` `0` `, currentDay = n - ` `1` `;` ` ` `// Start from the last day` ` ` `while` `(currentDay > ` `0` `)` ` ` `{` ` ` `int` `day = currentDay - ` `1` `;` ` ` `// Traverse and keep adding the` ` ` `// profit until a day with` ` ` `// price of stock higher` ` ` `// than currentDay is obtained` ` ` `while` `(day >= ` `0` `&&` ` ` `(prices[currentDay] > prices[day]))` ` ` `{` ` ` `profit += (prices[currentDay] -` ` ` `prices[day]);` ` ` `day--;` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Set this day as currentDay` ` ` `// with maximum cost of stock` ` ` `// currently` ` ` `currentDay = day;` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Return the profit` ` ` `return` `profit;` `}` `// Driver Code` `public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)` `{` ` ` `// Given array of prices` ` ` `int` `prices[] = { ` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `5` `};` ` ` `int` `N = prices.length;` ` ` `// Function Call` ` ` `System.out.print(maxProfit(prices, N));` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by Princi Singh` |

## Python3

`# Python3 program to implement` `# above approach` `# Function to find the maximum profit` `def` `maxProfit(prices, n):` ` ` `profit ` `=` `0` ` ` `currentDay ` `=` `n ` `-` `1` ` ` `# Start from the last day` ` ` `while` `(currentDay > ` `0` `):` ` ` `day ` `=` `currentDay ` `-` `1` ` ` `# Traverse and keep adding the` ` ` `# profit until a day with` ` ` `# price of stock higher` ` ` `# than currentDay is obtained` ` ` `while` `(day >` `=` `0` `and` ` ` `(prices[currentDay] >` ` ` `prices[day])):` ` ` `profit ` `+` `=` `(prices[currentDay] ` `-` ` ` `prices[day])` ` ` ` ` `day ` `-` `=` `1` ` ` ` ` `# Set this day as currentDay` ` ` `# with maximum cost of stock` ` ` `# currently` ` ` `currentDay ` `=` `day;` ` ` ` ` `# Return the profit` ` ` `return` `profit;` `# Driver Code` `# Given array of prices` `prices ` `=` `[ ` `2` `, ` `3` `, ` `5` `]` `N ` `=` `len` `(prices)` `# Function call` `print` `(maxProfit(prices, N))` `# This code is contributed by sanjoy_62` |

## C#

`// C# program for the above approach` `using` `System;` `class` `GFG{` `// Function to find the maximum profit` `static` `int` `maxProfit(` `int` `[] prices, ` `int` `n)` `{` ` ` `int` `profit = 0, currentDay = n - 1;` ` ` `// Start from the last day` ` ` `while` `(currentDay > 0)` ` ` `{` ` ` `int` `day = currentDay - 1;` ` ` `// Traverse and keep adding the` ` ` `// profit until a day with` ` ` `// price of stock higher` ` ` `// than currentDay is obtained` ` ` `while` `(day >= 0 &&` ` ` `(prices[currentDay] > prices[day]))` ` ` `{` ` ` `profit += (prices[currentDay] -` ` ` `prices[day]);` ` ` `day--;` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Set this day as currentDay` ` ` `// with maximum cost of stock` ` ` `// currently` ` ` `currentDay = day;` ` ` `}` ` ` `// Return the profit` ` ` `return` `profit;` `}` `// Driver Code` `public` `static` `void` `Main(String[] args)` `{` ` ` ` ` `// Given array of prices` ` ` `int` `[]prices = { 2, 3, 5 };` ` ` `int` `N = prices.Length;` ` ` `// Function call` ` ` `Console.Write(maxProfit(prices, N));` `}` `}` `// This code is contributed by amal kumar choubey` |

## Javascript

`<script>` `// Javascript program for the above problem.` `// Function to find the maximum profit` `function` `maxProfit(prices, n)` `{` ` ` `let profit = 0, currentDay = n - 1;` ` ` ` ` `// Start from the last day` ` ` `while` `(currentDay > 0)` ` ` `{` ` ` `let day = currentDay - 1;` ` ` ` ` `// Traverse and keep adding the` ` ` `// profit until a day with` ` ` `// price of stock higher` ` ` `// than currentDay is obtained` ` ` `while` `(day >= 0 &&` ` ` `(prices[currentDay] > prices[day]))` ` ` `{` ` ` `profit += (prices[currentDay] -` ` ` `prices[day]);` ` ` ` ` `day--;` ` ` `}` ` ` ` ` `// Set this day as currentDay` ` ` `// with maximum cost of stock` ` ` `// currently` ` ` `currentDay = day;` ` ` `}` ` ` ` ` `// Return the profit` ` ` `return` `profit;` `}` ` ` `// Driver code` ` ` `// Given array of prices` ` ` `let prices = [2, 3, 5];` ` ` ` ` `let N = prices.length;` ` ` ` ` `// Function call` ` ` `document.write(maxProfit(prices, N));` ` ` ` ` `// This code is contributed by susmitakundugoaldanga.` `</script>` |

**Output:**

5

**Time Complexity:** *O(N)* **Auxiliary Space:** *O(1)*