# Maximize product of subarray sum with its minimum element

• Difficulty Level : Medium
• Last Updated : 11 Jul, 2022

Given an array arr[] consisting of N positive integers, the task is to find the maximum product of subarray sum with the minimum element of that subarray.

Examples:

Input: arr[] = {3, 1, 6, 4, 5, 2}
Output: 60
Explanation:
The required maximum product can be obtained using subarray {6, 4, 5}
Therefore, maximum product = (6 + 4 + 5) * (4) = 60

Input: arr[] = {4, 1, 2, 9, 3}
Output: 81
Explanation:
The required maximum product can be obtained using subarray {9}
Maximum product = (9)* (9) = 81

Naive Approach: The simplest approach to solve the problem is to generate all subarrays of the given array and for each subarray, calculate the sum of the subarray, and multiply it with the minimum element in the subarray. Update the maximum product by comparing it with the product calculated. Finally, print the maximum product obtained after processing all the subarray.

Time Complexity: O(N3)
Auxiliary Space: O(1)

Efficient Approach: The above approach can be optimized using a Stack and Prefix Sum Array. The idea is to use the stack to get the index of nearest smaller elements on the left and right of each element. Now, using these, the required product can be obtained. Follow the steps below to solve the problem:

• Initialize an array presum[] to store all the resultant prefix sum array of the given array.
• Initialize two arrays l[] and r[] to store the index of the nearest left and right smaller elements respectively.
• For every element arr[i], calculate l[i] and r[i] using a stack.
• Traverse the given array and for each index i, the product can be calculated by:

arr[i] * (presum[r[i]] – presum[l[i]-1])

• Print the maximum product after completing all the above steps

Below is the implementation of the above approach:

## C++

 `// C++ program to implement ``// the above approach ``#include``using` `namespace` `std;`` ` `// Function to find the``// maximum product possible``void` `maxValue(``int` `a[], ``int` `n)``{``     ` `    ``// Stores prefix sum``    ``int` `presum[n];`` ` `    ``presum[0] = a[0];`` ` `    ``// Find the prefix sum array``    ``for``(``int` `i = 1; i < n; i++)``    ``{``        ``presum[i] = presum[i - 1] + a[i];``    ``}`` ` `    ``// l[] and r[] stores index of``    ``// nearest smaller elements on``    ``// left and right respectively``    ``int` `l[n], r[n];`` ` `    ``stack<``int``> st;`` ` `    ``// Find all left index``    ``for``(``int` `i = 1; i < n; i++) ``    ``{``         ` `        ``// Until stack is non-empty``        ``// & top element is greater``        ``// than the current element``        ``while` `(!st.empty() && ``              ``a[st.top()] >= a[i])``            ``st.pop();`` ` `        ``// If stack is empty``        ``if` `(!st.empty())``            ``l[i] = st.top() + 1;``        ``else``            ``l[i] = 0;`` ` `        ``// Push the current index i``        ``st.push(i);``    ``}`` ` `    ``// Reset stack``    ``while``(!st.empty())``    ``st.pop();`` ` `    ``// Find all right index``    ``for``(``int` `i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--) ``    ``{``         ` `        ``// Until stack is non-empty``        ``// & top element is greater``        ``// than the current element``        ``while` `(!st.empty() && ``              ``a[st.top()] >= a[i])``            ``st.pop();`` ` `            ``if` `(!st.empty())``                ``r[i] = st.top() - 1;``            ``else``                ``r[i] = n - 1;`` ` `        ``// Push the current index i``        ``st.push(i);``    ``}`` ` `    ``// Stores the maximum product``    ``int` `maxProduct = 0;`` ` `    ``int` `tempProduct;`` ` `    ``// Iterate over the range [0, n)``    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++) ``    ``{``         ` `        ``// Calculate the product``        ``tempProduct = a[i] * (presum[r[i]] - ``                     ``(l[i] == 0 ? 0 : ``                    ``presum[l[i] - 1]));`` ` `        ``// Update the maximum product``        ``maxProduct = max(maxProduct,``                        ``tempProduct);``    ``}`` ` `    ``// Return the maximum product``    ``cout << maxProduct;``}`` ` `// Driver Code``int` `main()``{``     ` `    ``// Given array``    ``int` `n = 6;``    ``int` `arr[] = { 3, 1, 6, 4, 5, 2 };`` ` `    ``// Function call``    ``maxValue(arr, n);``}`` ` `// This code is contributed by grand_master`

## Java

 `// Java program to implement``// the above approach`` ` `import` `java.util.*;`` ` `class` `GFG {`` ` `    ``// Function to find the``    ``// maximum product possible``    ``public` `static` `void``    ``maxValue(``int``[] a, ``int` `n)``    ``{`` ` `        ``// Stores prefix sum``        ``int``[] presum = ``new` `int``[n];`` ` `        ``presum[``0``] = a[``0``];`` ` `        ``// Find the prefix sum array``        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``1``; i < n; i++) {`` ` `            ``presum[i] = presum[i - ``1``] + a[i];``        ``}`` ` `        ``// l[] and r[] stores index of``        ``// nearest smaller elements on``        ``// left and right respectively``        ``int``[] l = ``new` `int``[n], r = ``new` `int``[n];`` ` `        ``Stack st = ``new` `Stack<>();`` ` `        ``// Find all left index``        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``1``; i < n; i++) {`` ` `            ``// Until stack is non-empty``            ``// & top element is greater``            ``// than the current element``            ``while` `(!st.isEmpty()``                   ``&& a[st.peek()] >= a[i])``                ``st.pop();`` ` `            ``// If stack is empty``            ``if` `(!st.isEmpty())``                ``l[i] = st.peek() + ``1``;``            ``else``                ``l[i] = ``0``;`` ` `            ``// Push the current index i``            ``st.push(i);``        ``}`` ` `        ``// Reset stack``        ``st.clear();`` ` `        ``// Find all right index``        ``for` `(``int` `i = n - ``1``; i >= ``0``; i--) {`` ` `            ``// Until stack is non-empty``            ``// & top element is greater``            ``// than the current element``            ``while` `(!st.isEmpty()``                   ``&& a[st.peek()] >= a[i])``                ``st.pop();`` ` `            ``if` `(!st.isEmpty())``                ``r[i] = st.peek() - ``1``;``            ``else``                ``r[i] = n - ``1``;`` ` `            ``// Push the current index i``            ``st.push(i);``        ``}`` ` `        ``// Stores the maximum product``        ``int` `maxProduct = ``0``;`` ` `        ``int` `tempProduct;`` ` `        ``// Iterate over the range [0, n)``        ``for` `(``int` `i = ``0``; i < n; i++) {`` ` `            ``// Calculate the product``            ``tempProduct``                ``= a[i]``                  ``* (presum[r[i]]``                     ``- (l[i] == ``0` `? ``0``                                  ``: presum[l[i] - ``1``]));`` ` `            ``// Update the maximum product``            ``maxProduct``                ``= Math.max(maxProduct,``                           ``tempProduct);``        ``}`` ` `        ``// Return the maximum product``        ``System.out.println(maxProduct);``    ``}`` ` `    ``// Driver Code``    ``public` `static` `void` `main(String[] args)``    ``{``        ``// Given array``        ``int``[] arr = { ``3``, ``1``, ``6``, ``4``, ``5``, ``2` `};`` ` `        ``// Function Call``        ``maxValue(arr, arr.length);``    ``}``}`

## Python3

 `# Python3 program to implement ``# the above approach `` ` `# Function to find the``# maximum product possible``def` `maxValue(a, n):``     ` `    ``# Stores prefix sum``    ``presum ``=` `[``0` `for` `i ``in` `range``(n)]`` ` `    ``presum[``0``] ``=` `a[``0``]`` ` `    ``# Find the prefix sum array``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``1``, n, ``1``):``        ``presum[i] ``=` `presum[i ``-` `1``] ``+` `a[i]`` ` `    ``# l[] and r[] stores index of``    ``# nearest smaller elements on``    ``# left and right respectively``    ``l ``=` `[``0` `for` `i ``in` `range``(n)]``    ``r ``=` `[``0` `for` `i ``in` `range``(n)]`` ` `    ``st ``=` `[]`` ` `    ``# Find all left index``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(``1``, n):``         ` `        ``# Until stack is non-empty``        ``# & top element is greater``        ``# than the current element``        ``while` `(``len``(st) ``and` `          ``a[st[``len``(st) ``-` `1``]] >``=` `a[i]):``            ``st.remove(st[``len``(st) ``-` `1``])``             ` `        ``# If stack is empty``        ``if` `(``len``(st)):``            ``l[i] ``=` `st[``len``(st) ``-` `1``] ``+` `1``;``        ``else``:``            ``l[i] ``=` `0`` ` `        ``# Push the current index i``        ``st.append(i)`` ` `    ``# Reset stack``    ``while``(``len``(st)):``        ``st.remove(st[``len``(st) ``-` `1``])`` ` `    ``# Find all right index``    ``i ``=` `n ``-` `1``    ``while``(i >``=` `0``):``         ` `        ``# Until stack is non-empty``        ``# & top element is greater``        ``# than the current element``        ``while` `(``len``(st) ``and` `          ``a[st[``len``(st) ``-` `1``]] >``=` `a[i]):``            ``st.remove(st[``len``(st) ``-` `1``])`` ` `            ``if` `(``len``(st)):``                ``r[i] ``=` `st[``len``(st) ``-` `1``] ``-` `1``            ``else``:``                ``r[i] ``=` `n ``-` `1`` ` `        ``# Push the current index i``        ``st.append(i)``        ``i ``-``=` `1`` ` `    ``# Stores the maximum product``    ``maxProduct ``=` `0`` ` `    ``# Iterate over the range [0, n)``    ``for` `i ``in` `range``(n):``         ` `        ``# Calculate the product``        ``if` `l[i] ``=``=` `0``:``            ``tempProduct ``=` `(a[i] ``*` `                    ``presum[r[i]])``        ``else``:``            ``tempProduct ``=` `(a[i] ``*` `                   ``(presum[r[i]] ``-` `                    ``presum[l[i] ``-` `1``]))`` ` `        ``# Update the maximum product``        ``maxProduct ``=` `max``(maxProduct, ``                        ``tempProduct)`` ` `    ``# Return the maximum product``    ``print``(maxProduct)`` ` `# Driver Code``if` `__name__ ``=``=` `'__main__'``:``     ` `    ``# Given array``    ``n ``=` `6``    ``arr ``=`  `[ ``3``, ``1``, ``6``, ``4``, ``5``, ``2` `]``     ` `    ``# Function call``    ``maxValue(arr, n)`` ` `# This code is contributed by SURENDRA_GANGWAR`

## C#

 `// C# program to implement ``// the above approach ``using` `System;``using` `System.Collections.Generic;`` ` `class` `GFG{``     ` `// Function to find the ``// maximum product possible ``public` `static` `void` `maxValue(``int``[] a,``                            ``int` `n) ``{ ``     ` `    ``// Stores prefix sum ``    ``int``[] presum = ``new` `int``[n]; `` ` `    ``presum[0] = a[0]; `` ` `    ``// Find the prefix sum array ``    ``for``(``int` `i = 1; i < n; i++) ``    ``{ ``        ``presum[i] = presum[i - 1] + a[i]; ``    ``} `` ` `    ``// l[] and r[] stores index of ``    ``// nearest smaller elements on ``    ``// left and right respectively ``    ``int``[] l = ``new` `int``[n], r = ``new` `int``[n]; ``     ` `    ``Stack<``int``> st = ``new` `Stack<``int``>();`` ` `    ``// Find all left index ``    ``for``(``int` `i = 1; i < n; i++)``    ``{ ``         ` `        ``// Until stack is non-empty ``        ``// & top element is greater ``        ``// than the current element ``        ``while` `(st.Count > 0 && ``           ``a[st.Peek()] >= a[i]) ``            ``st.Pop(); `` ` `        ``// If stack is empty ``        ``if` `(st.Count > 0) ``            ``l[i] = st.Peek() + 1; ``        ``else``            ``l[i] = 0; `` ` `        ``// Push the current index i ``        ``st.Push(i); ``    ``} `` ` `    ``// Reset stack ``    ``st.Clear(); `` ` `    ``// Find all right index ``    ``for``(``int` `i = n - 1; i >= 0; i--) ``    ``{ ``         ` `        ``// Until stack is non-empty ``        ``// & top element is greater ``        ``// than the current element ``        ``while` `(st.Count > 0 && ``           ``a[st.Peek()] >= a[i]) ``            ``st.Pop(); `` ` `        ``if` `(st.Count > 0) ``            ``r[i] = st.Peek() - 1; ``        ``else``            ``r[i] = n - 1; `` ` `        ``// Push the current index i ``        ``st.Push(i); ``    ``} `` ` `    ``// Stores the maximum product ``    ``int` `maxProduct = 0; `` ` `    ``int` `tempProduct; `` ` `    ``// Iterate over the range [0, n) ``    ``for``(``int` `i = 0; i < n; i++)``    ``{ ``         ` `        ``// Calculate the product ``        ``tempProduct = a[i] * (presum[r[i]] - ``                     ``(l[i] == 0 ? 0 : ``                     ``presum[l[i] - 1])); `` ` `        ``// Update the maximum product ``        ``maxProduct = Math.Max(maxProduct, ``                             ``tempProduct); ``    ``} `` ` `    ``// Return the maximum product ``    ``Console.WriteLine(maxProduct);``} `` ` `// Driver code``static` `void` `Main()``{``     ` `    ``// Given array ``    ``int``[] arr = { 3, 1, 6, 4, 5, 2 }; ``     ` `    ``// Function call ``    ``maxValue(arr, arr.Length); ``}``}`` ` `// This code is contributed by divyeshrabadiya07`

## Javascript

 ``

Output:

`60`

Time Complexity: O(N)
Auxiliary Space: O(N)

Related Topic: Subarrays, Subsequences, and Subsets in Array

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